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Types of Wallpaper: What are the characteristics where to use

Calculate walls with wallpaper - the most obvious and widespread method of finishing. But this finishing material has different characteristics and prices. What are the types of wallpaper than they differ, where it is better to apply - we'll talk about all this on.

Wide variety allows you to choose a finish under any style
Wide variety allows you to choose a finish under any style

Classification according to characteristics

In order not to make a mistake in when the wallpaper is selected, it is necessary to have an idea of ​​what they are at all. Let's start with the general classification on various features and properties.

The first, with which it is worthwhile - this is with how much the finish should "be friends" with water and how often it will be necessary to wash. On this basis, they are:

This characteristic is displayed on the label of each roll in the form of a graphic icon - a wavy line (see photos).

Next, it is worth decar on the burnout. It is no secret that some materials and paints on the surfaces lit by the sun are changing their color. For sun rooms, it is better to choose wallpaper resistant to fading. In the premises, the windows of which go to the West or North, it is not so critical. For those without windows (corridors, bathrooms, bathrooms, etc.) it does not matter at all. This characteristic is also displayed on the label of the sun pictogram (in the photo below).

Burning wallpaper resistance - graphic designation
Burning wallpaper resistance - graphic designation

An important drawing can be important. Some colors do not require the selection of the pattern and displacement (monophonic). Others - require displacement, and for different magnitude. The offset increases the flow rate of the finishing material. This information is also indicated on the label using icons.

Fitting pattern for wallpaper is depicted using pictograms
Fitting pattern for wallpaper is depicted using pictograms

All types of wallpapers are equipped with an instruction insert on which these data are displayed. There are also images that display the method of applying glue. It is displayed and the removal method - they are removed in whole or in part. Next, consider the types of wallpaper - what they are made, which are of advantages, disadvantages, scope.

Paper

Paper wallpapers are the most common and cheapest. Their popularity is due to a low price, a wide range, good operational properties. They are environmentally safe, permeable to air, but fear of high humidity, have low mechanical strength, quickly fade. The average service life is 3-5 years. A little, but it and all other flaws are compensated by a very attractive price.

There are paper wallpapers of several species:

When choosing, pay attention to such an indicator as a density - it strongly affects the strength, but note that the dense paper wallpaper is glued to uneven walls harder - they are not so elastic as medium. Very thin - also bad, as they, on the contrary, are very much stretched, and in wet they can practically crawl into hands or "sliding", to go with waves, when trying to strip on the wall. In general, the optimal option is medium. They also close and work easily with them. Division is: up to 110 g / m 2- Lungs, 110-140 g / m 2- medium, more than 140 g / m 2- Heavy.

If you need an inexpensive "breathable" material for decoration of walls, paper wallpaper, practically, out of competition. When gluing, the simplest glue, which is flawed and the wall and canvas (but not always, read the instructions).

Fliselinovye

Fliseline is a nonwoven fiber, which consists of cellulose fibers (sometimes artificial fibers are used). This material has high vapor permeability, well carries out air and moisture, there are different density. Thin fliseline is a rather elastic material that can be pasted on uneven walls. But he is too stretching, which can become a problem. The canvas with medium and high density are pasted easier, but practically do not pull, so the surface should be smooth.

Please note that there is a 100% fliesline wallpaper, and there is only on its basis. Now we are talking about those that are completely from the phlizelin, since otherwise their characteristics depend on the second layer. By the way, when searching in the catalog, write "flieslinic wallpaper with a fliesline coating", otherwise most of the issuance is vinyl on a flieslinic basis, and they have completely different properties.

Flizelin wallpaper with fliesline coating
Flizelin wallpaper with fliesline coating

Fliselinic wallpapers have two release form - ordinary and "under painting", glued with special glue based on well-purified starch and / or PVA. May be smooth, textural, with embossed or bulk pattern. Have good performance properties:

  • Flizelin during wetting does not swell from glue or water, does not change its shape after drying.
  • The preparation of the walls may be impaired - due to density, the material will hide some irregularities, but large trap-protrusions are unacceptable.
  • You can use in new homes - it does not break when the formation of new small cracks.
  • Slightly reduces the thermal conductivity and sound permeability of the walls (for a significant improvement in sound insulation, it is clearly not enough, and how to improve it here).

For sale in most Fliseline canvas imported production, but there are also a few Russian (for example, Milassa, Loymina). For the price they do not differ, so it does not make much sense to choose this criterion. When choosing, pay attention to the fact that the width is 53 cm and 105 cm, the length in the roll is from 10 meters to 25 meters. So the price for the roll is far from the indicator. It is easier to compare if you consider the price per square meter.

Vinyl

Vinyl wallpapers are based on paper or phlizelin. A layer of polyvinyl chloride (PVC, PVC or easier - vinyl) is applied to the basis. This film is less than a millimeter thick, but it gives finishing material strength (you can wash with a brush), water-repellent properties, high resistance to fading. It is the vinyl canvas that can be washed, and many abrasion resistant and allow the use of a brush.

This set of properties allows you to use this type of wallpaper in rooms with high humidity, in particular in the kitchen or in the bathroom, but not in close proximity to water sources. He also perfectly manifests itself where the high strength of the finish is required (a corridor, hallway) - to scratch it should be tried.

Another type of wallpaper with special properties - vinyl
Another type of wallpaper with special properties - vinyl

The basis of their disadvantage - do not pass the air, because in residential premises they try not to use them or compensate for the presence of a good ventilation system.

Types and varieties

What vinyl wallpaper is better - on a paper basis or on Fliselin? Fliseline is easier to glue, but only a well-prepared foundation. The fact is that thin fliesline is used as the basis, and since the vinyl film is also thin, then the total thickness of the coating is small, hide irregularities they are simply not able - all errors are visible. Another nuance is if the vinyl wallpaper is chosen light, then the base should be a monophonic light, otherwise the inhomogeneity of the color can be shunning.

If you compare vinyl and other types of wallpaper, then in strength they are the best, easily glued on a relatively smooth (you can not perfect) surface. But, with significant irregularities, difficulties may arise - a dry blade is glued and it is completely inelastic.

The colors of vinyl wallpapers are the most diverse. The surface can be smooth, texture. The drawing can be simply applied or may have a volume (relief wallpaper). There is also an painting.

One of the types of vinyl wallpaper - hot embossing Silkography)
One of the types of vinyl wallpaper - hot embossing Silkography)

Separately, it is worth saying about the vinyl wallpaper, which are made by the method of hot stamping using silk or artificial threads. They are called silk screen for characteristic shine. They look very "sideways" because they are more often used in the living rooms. Some types of silk screening can be seen on the walls in the hallway - they make the room more with their matte glitter.

Vinyl wallpapers are sold in rolls 53 cm wide, 70 cm and 105 cm, the length in the roll - mostly 10 meters (more precisely - 10.05 m), glue on special glue, as they have quite large weight.

How to glue the wallpaper right here.

Acrylic wallpaper

To be accurate, then these are paper wallpapers with acrylic spraying. The polymer is applied point, without closing the base completely, therefore it only happens with a textured surface. On the number of colors, it practically does not affect, but by weight - quite strongly. Acrylic canvas are not so heavy as vinyl, therefore, not so thick glue is used. Thanks to the point application of the polymer (in itself an airtight), this type of finish can be attributed to the category of breathable, therefore, the type of wallpaper is often used in residential premises.

Acrylic wallpaper is a paper base (usually color), which is pointing acrylic
Acrylic wallpaper is a paper base (usually color), which is pointing acrylic

Partial paper coating acrylic slightly increases its wash resistance - they belong to the category of waterproof, resistance to fading - average, as well as the price category. It is glued by the same principle that both paper - flames and the wallpaper cannon, and the wall; The complexity of gluing is average. Problems may arise if the acrylic coating is too soft - it's a little more stronger and it is moving. Then in operation, they also behave - the spraying can be removed, accidentally taped with something hard. Even nail. This applies not to all types of acrylic wallpaper, but there are also such copies. In general, a good option, but not excellent.

The width of the rolls of acrylic wallpaper is most often 53 cm, but there are 70 cm, you can find meter. Standard length - 10 meters. For the price there is a larger scatter than those who differ other types of wallpaper: there are quite inexpensive Russian and Ukrainian production (cost from $ 3-5 per roll), there are imported production - 8-15 times more expensive. It is worth noting that the quality, and the appearance, differs significantly.

Textile (fabric)

Textile wallpapers are based on paper and fliseline. A woven or braided material from flax, cotton, viscose, jute, polyester, silk, etc. is pasted on this basis. The texture can be smooth, silky, velvety. It depends on the material used and weaving technology. In addition, relief drawings can be cramped on the fabric.

Textile wallpapers - look great, but cost expensive
Textile wallpapers - look great, but cost expensive

Fabric wallpaper is another kind of "breathable" wall decorations, so can be used in residential rooms. It is a very beautiful finishing material, but dear. Even if you compare such not very cheap types of wallpapers like silk screen printing or natural. At the same time, it is demanding on the operating conditions - is afraid of high humidity, fades, it is possible to clean it only with a dry way, occasionally using a wet sponge.

There are two forms of release: Standard - rolls 10 meters long (width 70-80 cm). Some textile wallpapers (more expensive) are sold on the route meters. Their width is usually 105-120, but there are also wider web.

Wallpaper combination rules are described here.

Glass equipment

Wallpaper from fiberglass is a special type of finishing materials under painting. They are good because they are not afraid of moisture, can be glued in wet rooms. It is only necessary to choose paint correctly. The second positive moment - they are withstanding multiple repainting (the highest quality - up to 20 times) and their service life - 20-30 years. Other types of wallpapers in this parameter are greatly inferior.

Due to the intertwining of the fibers of the paro -, air and water-permeable. However, it is worth remembering that the properties of the surface of the surface depend on the properties of the paint, which they will be covered.

We need durable wallpapers for painting - Choose from fiberglass
We need durable wallpapers for painting - Choose from fiberglass

The disadvantage is considered not too much an assortment, a few "office" appearance, as well as the fact that the smallest particles of glass fall to painting into the air. Also when working it is worth using protective clothing. Glue the wallpaper of fiberglass on a special glue, which is applied to the wall (Read more about the styling of the walls of the walls here).

Very interesting coverage, which is rather one of the subspecies of plaster mixes. Sold in the form of a powder or ready to use composition. Consists of binding components (adhesive), textile fibers, cellulose, mineral and decorative additives. As a putty is applied to the wall with a spatula or something resembling this tool.

An important property of liquid wallpapers is undemanding to the base. All other types of wallpapers require a smooth surface. Some more smooth, some less. Liquid wallpapers themselves can align the wall to which they are applied. But, in order to save the composition, significant excavations should be pre-embedded by a suitable putty.

Liquid wallpapers usually have an inhomogeneous structure
Liquid wallpapers usually have an inhomogeneous structure

Liquid wallpapers are suitable for heated and unheated premises, but require normal humidity. Another plus of this type of coatings is high maintainability. The damaged area is considered for the resulting recess is filled with the same composition. After drying, the repaired place is almost impossible to find. Therefore, some part of the composition store "to demand".

Other types of wallpaper

The above describes those finishing materials that are presented in any construction store. But there are types of wallpapers that are rarely used, but have good performance properties, and they look very unusual. It is why they are not so widespread.

  • Bamboo. The bamboo cut on the strips is pasted on the tissue basis. The width of the slats is different, the outer or inner surface of the bamboo strip can be used as the front. Roll width - from 90 cm to 250 cm.

    Bamboo wallpaper - a great way to give the interior Eastern flavor
    Bamboo wallpaper - a great way to give the interior Eastern flavor

  • Cork. A thin layer of cork veneer is glued on the paper base. These natural wallpapers do not absorb smells, do not contribute to the reproduction of bacteria. They are warm and elastic to the touch. Glued to ordinary wallpaper glue.

    Fans of natural wallpaper worth considering a traffic jam
    Fans of natural wallpaper worth considering a traffic jam

  • Metal or metallized. Aluminum foil is pasted on the paper base, on which the drawing is applied, everything is covered with a layer of varnish. This type of finish is moisture-resistant, it can be washed by any non-aggressive means, but only soft brushes or rags - the surface is easily scratched.

    Metallized Wallpapers have a characteristic shine
    Metallized Wallpapers have a characteristic shine

Now you know all kinds of wallpaper - and widespread and not very. Knowing their main characteristics can pick up the finishing material under the requirements of a particular room and your desires.

What are the first to do the owners of new apartments, or "Khrushchevki", which has not seen a repairs for one year? Of course, how to reorganize the walls. And the most popular in this regard for many years remains wallpaper. Next we will tell what are there Types of wallpaper .

Paper

Yes, the counters of the postmarkets can die with a variety of advanced coatings. But! It is rolls from paper that continue to buy with mad speed. Wine everything, of course, their availability. For a very modest amount you can get an updated dwelling.

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Paper wallpaper

It is not necessary to ruin on the masters, you can always do without your own, skills for this need the most elementary. Another advantage is colors. Their great set. Baroque gold, or modest beige, solve you.

Be afraid for the fact that children, or you yourself put on toxic substances, in this case, too, is not worth it. On the production of coatings only safe substances. By the way and glue, you can also use the most eco-friendly.

But the network and their limitations. For example, no dampness. Glue canvas only in rooms with standard moisture indicators. As you understood, this category does not include bathrooms, kitchens. It is not necessary to use rolls and where the constant stream of people, to the hallway, for example.

Everyone strives to rely on the wall, as a result of "dull" appearance of such a room guaranteed. Footprints are visible and around the sockets, and where the switches are. The layer is extended, swelling, and it will start.

Such a surface is very fragile, so break, or scratch it - the second thing. Deformation of color - also add concerns. After all, in sun rooms, bright colors under the rays will simply fill. If we talk about sizes, usually one roll is a half-meter halfer.

Classification exists on other features. For example, Wallpaper Wallpapers may be:

  • In one layer. The most primitive option. Salmon with them will be a lot. After all, in order to put them on the wall, it is necessary to start licking with adhesive composition. As a result, they wedge. After the makeup dry, the canvas is reduced, the drawing can "move", or the surface "will go with bubbles".
  • At two. A pair of layers already at the factory is bonded between themselves, when working, the binding composition impresses only one of them, as a result of any deformation. In addition, they are thickening, which means they are ready to disguise problem areas. The outer layer can be with different convex patterns. Another kind - with a layer of various inclusions.

Fliselinovye

Not yet fabric, but no longer paper. So you can say about these products. They produce them, as well as more affordable, from cellulose. But the company fibers make up artificial additives - such as polyester, all this passes the oven. In order for the composition to be the desired consistency, without binding components, too, nowhere. After the mixture comes out of the press, we get a nonwoven canvas.

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Fliselinova wallpaper

With eating chemicals from such rolls you do not bend, you can not worry about it. Hurt them, like paper, will not work either. The strength is better here. You can not worry that the canvas "swell" if suddenly wet. Water just evaporate after a while. From which we conclude that washing the test will not be.

Work with them is easy. But remember that the adhesive is useful, and they need to cover the wall. If suddenly the design of the room will be bored, just paint this kind of plated wallpaper again, applying another color. And this can not be done once. Economically and easy. You can choose the size of rolls. Want less seams - take wide. But it will be not so easy to work with them, get ready to spend a little more time.

Sheets are dense, so that shortcomings are disguised without problems in the putty. Whether it is a flower relief of foamed material, or a smooth surface, the result of their use will look spectacular. Of the minuses: not for everyone to pocket; If you are allergic, more attentive, because there are those who claim that dust settles in the textured layer.

Consider a variety:

  • Pure fliseline option.
  • Based on Flizelin. Top layer or fabric or paper.

Bamboo

Plans to equip the dwelling in Eco-style, then such Types of wallpaper in the photo . They are not confused anymore. After all, the texture of a natural plant is immediately visible. Warm bamboo shades fill the room with a feeling of resort serenity.

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Bamboo Wallpaper in the interior

Let's take a look at such a canvase. As a substrate, fabric with sufficiently rude threads, or a more exotic option - rice paper. It is reliably fixed strips made from the bark of giant grass.

This material on our planet is excess. All because they grow such trunks not by day, but by the hour. Their height reaches several tens of meters. If the rails are thin in width, they will need additional reinforcement in the form of a stitching thread across. In general, the thickness of the lamellas can reach up to 2 centimeters.

Sobs have a good density. All because initially the bark is subject to long drying. When all moisture fell out, the product is ready for use. This may be warm, mint, pistachio, chocolate sheet. If you want something more creative, take a look at the rails from the burnt material. They acquire an unusual pattern.

If the water poured such a coating, it is not scary to him (within reasonable limits). Therefore, options for using the canvase becomes more. It will serve for years without losing initial attractiveness. But for such advantages, you will have to pay a considerable price. If in numbers, then it is about 500-100 rubles, they must be given for the temporon meter.

And how do you like this feature: the canvas act as a climate regulator in the room. If the air was too strong enough, such a finish absorbs it, and dried. And then gradually fade, creating comfortable conditions. Various "hands", such as fungus, are not afraid of these decorative products. After all, natural material itself works like an antiseptic.

A sufficiently dense layer of sheets will work not only the decoration of the room, but also as a barrier from excess noise. Plus, it will make the surface of the walls warm, such products, like a tree, give pleasant tactile sensations.

Problems in order to combine them with other textures, it should not arise. After all, you can enter a factory material in advanced concept, and in more modest design versions. If you get all the walls completely, it will not be comfortable in such a room, or a bedroom, for example.

A problem when working with a bamboo can be cut it. Scissors try to do it very problematic, you need a more serious tool. As a result, the edges of the sheets may not be very smooth and aesthetic.

So on the fit will take a lot of time. It will be necessary to work and it will be necessary to work on the shots to be about one shade, because natural material is painted not perfectly smoothly. Now about fasteners. Ordinary compositions do not do here. Consider the weight of the canvas, and we take either "liquid nails" specials. Appointments or very powerful glue.

Silk

Such Types of wallpaper For those who like with a slug-made materials with a slight reflections and rich species. Cellulose can act as a substrate, or a stronger product - Flizelin. The second layer is a cloth, which gives the desired effect of the textile wall.

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Silk Wallpaper in the interior

Of course, natural silk for many - non-disabilities. The buyer most often suggest the mixture component of the second layer. These are artificial threads with small splashes of natural fibers.

This approach drops the price of the finished product several times, so it is quite accessible. One roll is estimated to one and a half, two thousand rubles. But these are the simplest options. You want something more exclusive, prepare the amount of 10 thousand.

The effect of the film is such a coating will not create, it perfectly passes the gases. Health Such a neighborhood will also hurt, no harmful discharge and problems for suffering allergies. Roll width variations can range from half a meter to 80 centimeters. The length is striking, you can find fifty-meter copies.

Docile cuts are not a problem, the connection will be almost invisible. What problems need to be ready if you decide to apply them? First, to frequent cleaning. The fabric is electrified and attracts dust. When you get shattered to clean this wall, take not a rag, but a brush, or a vacuum cleaner.

Loss of colors when hitting the rays is another minus. So it is better not only to hold the curtains closed, but not direct the lighting devices on the wall. Watering the product is not advised, with the initial neat appearance, you can definitely say goodbye. Note that if you just finished repairs, until the final readiness for the operation of your wall will be required of two days.

Vinyl

We continue to learn Types of combined wallpaper . Such as the previous variety has two components, substrates are as similar to silk. But the second layer is polyvinyl chloride.

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Vinyl wallpapers

This material is very durable, and allows you to recreate various embosses, volume ornaments. Manufacturers assure that they treat it so that no dangerous substances will fall into your respiratory tract. But, nevertheless, you should not decorate with such products for sleeping, or nursery.

PVC can be:

  • Foamed. This feature is only on plus surface. After all, a pronounced volume appears, and it also has small pores, thanks to them, the PVC layer becomes breathable.
  • Dense. About breathability here does not have to speak. But you can safely take a wet towel in my hands and remove the accumulated flare from the product. Such properties will be very useful in the dining area, for example.
  • Solid. Even more durable and interesting option. Such sheets have a skillful imitation of a variety of textures, they can also depict a tree and brick.

It is not necessary to be afraid to paint such a surface, she will cope with this task with a brilliance. If we talk about reliability, then many are ready to compare them with a tile, tall strength, as well as the service life. True, the price will be high, on average it is 500 -1000 rubles per roll.

Liquid

There is a very interesting composition. Wood bark, cotton, silk, gelatin and even algae can enter it. All this in a fairly fine fraction is connected in one dry mixture. Dyes and adhesive substance add to it.

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Liquid wallpaper

Can be sold in packages and buckets dry, you need to add water before use. Or already liquid, take and apply. Externally, the finished wall is similar to stone, and on a soft man. Dangers for our health are not carried, so you can decorate with almost everything.

So, Types of liquid wallpaper :

  • Silk. The mixture was saturated with silk fibers. You can cover them and concrete, and more smooth plasterboard. Already after applying to the wall, you can easily replace the spoiled fragment, smoking it, and deleting.
  • Cotton. Their environmental friendliness is to envy competitors. In view - like a warm blanket. Let's fit into sleeping areas perfectly.
  • Cellulosic. The addition of the smallest wooden chips decides at once two tasks: masking roughness and other small ground errors, and the opportunity to buy goods is cheaper.

They fell in favor of those who love to express themselves brightly. After all, this composition, like plasticine. Want a bulk tree on the wall - please cut it out is not a problem. Like color selection.

The shade will choose even the most picky. Want shine? - you are welcome! And there are such options. If the coating is homogeneous along the entire length and height, its thickness can be adjusted, causing a thicker layer.

Such walls will always be warm to the touch, touch them nice. Still composition will help muffle the unnecessary sounds. But, most importantly - no seams! The mixture evenly covers all the necessary sections. Of the minuses - wash the surface will not come out - the dirt is simply absorbed into it. But if the glossy effect is not a problem for you, just cover everything with varnish.

Photo wallpaper

Want to "cut down" from your room window to Europe, or watch every day on the cloves of the turquoise sea? Then look at this type of interior decoration. On such sheets, unique images that help to feel the effect of presence in those places where you would like to find yourself. The 3D effect contributes to this. Decorating these panels can anything, and bulk flowers, and bright juicy vegetables, and silhouettes of people.

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Photo wallpaper in the interior

Classified such Types of salary wallpaper on those that:

  • With phlizelin as a substrate. It gives a guarantee that there will be no "shots" after completing the pasting. Elasticity also did not pumped up as strength.
  • With paper. Yes, they are not so reliable. But at the height of eco-friendly properties.
  • With vinyl. Not only to serve will serve ten years, also creating an unusual texture.

There are different ways to print pictures on such surfaces. Depending on which you chose, the time of the possible start of operation of the room will change. One day after installation is needed, others will be fully readily after fasteners. The cost will vary on the basis of the size and composition. The most budget panels will fly out in 300 rubles. For a better product, about 10 thousand will have to give.

Waterproof

Do you need to repair in the bathroom, but not enough to the tile? Yes, and its installation is a time-consuming. The very case, when it would seem unacceptable for such coating conditions, can save the situation. The main thing to choose rolls that can not fall asleep when water getting.

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Waterproof wallpapers in the kitchen interior

This includes the phlizelin and vinyl products already mentioned. To understand how much they can withstand the effects of fluid, we are looking for the labeling packaging in the form of waves.

If such is three, the product is able to keep the brand even in the harsh conditions of the shower. They can not only wipe them, but also to paint the brush and detergent. If one is one less waves, there are no need to allow cleaning powders and liquids.

Acrylic

If you are in the essence, this canvas can be called the "fellow" vinyl. However, in many indicators the latter loses. There is no difference from the bottom of the difference, but the cover is completely different - the foamed acrylic. This structure allows not to worry about breathable properties of the product.

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Acrylic wallpaper in the bedroom

Micropores allow air exchange not to stop. True, resistance to fluids due to this falls. A dirt may settle in such holes. And be careful with cleaning, preferably without a sharp effect.

A very impressive layer, practically half a hundredthimeter, allows you to not doubt that they will serve for a long time, without abrupting. Plus, the thickness turns them also into the disguise of problem walls. Price - another reason to choose them. Competitors with similar properties will be significantly more expensive. Of the peculiarities of working with them: we wash everything with glue, and the wall, and sheets.

Glass equipment

How it is not difficult to guess, produce a glass wallpaper. But not from the formation, but thin fibers. By combining these strings get special threads. Externally, the same similarity with the source product. Instead of transparency and hardness, soft on appearance, cozy wed surface.

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Glass equipment

Such Wallpapers of two species :

  • With a smooth finish. Like stretched felt. Apply such not only as the finish coating, but also as a strengthening surface. If you have concerns that the wall can go cracks, such a bonus will help to avoid it.
  • With relief. These most often serve in decorative purposes.

They are good to apply paint. They will also be copied with the responsibilities of the leveling component. If you look closely, the relief can resemble geometric shapes, or openwork components. It all depends on the installation on which they were produced.

Before you take for sticking, check the climatic indicators. This is the level of humidity, which should be established in the area of ​​70 percent. And the temperature, its oscillations can vary from 18 to 25 degrees. The coating will issue large irregularities of the wall, because take care of its smoothness. To catch, as a basis can be wooden, and concrete.

Record service indicators of the product, with the right approach - up to thirty years. All this time you can experiment on them, staining in different shades. Even of the pros - when exposed to flame, the material will not break up in seconds, it is sufficiently resistant to fire.

There are in constructionarkets and very unreliable fragile products, the product can crumble. But this does not mean that all such products are as follows. We need to choose goods from good firms.

Street like paper, such a sheet will not be. Snorzka who gathered to work with him will not be superfluous. In addition, get ready to spend a lot of paintwork, sheets will absorb it in large quantities.

Fabric

If it seemed to you that in the hypermarket for repairing the shelf there is a cut of the tissue, which means that you are such products. Like many other wallpapers, their structure is biting. The facial part is a woven component. In addition to the silk already described by us, it can be a linen finish. The substrate is usually the simplest - cellulose. Jute threads are another option for the manufacture of this product.

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Fabric walls

Roads from Jacquard can not do without an acrylic bedding, otherwise all this magnificence will not withstand the neighborhood with glue. There are options with cotton, which pleases a variety of colors. The effect of velvet makes it possible to achieve velor additives. The task is to be large-in production, because they can master the complex four-stage model of their manufacture.

The velvety layer does not have to be solid, there are options with a darous floral pattern. Do not love velvet, you will be offered felt. Under the same soft, but not so demanding to the rest of the room. If you take natural - get ready to tinker.

Synthetic analogues will simplify the task. Note that caution will be your constant companion in such premises. Hang the surface is easier than simple. And get ready to post for a roll on average 5000 rubles.

The question of the choice of wallpaper occurs at least once in life before each: if desired, change the situation, interior or entry into new housing.

For many years, this is one of the most popular types of wall finishing, and modern wallpaper manufacturing technologies have been so divergent than the range of proposed options, which are capable of confusing any.

Important foundations of choice

Of course, you can choose externally: according to your own shade, drawing, texture, but in this case the risk is not taken into account many important nuances and properties.

It is initially better to determine the desired color, style (for harmony with space, furniture) and the requirements: whether it will be necessary to wash them, whether the light will be affected, whose forces are planned to be repaired.

Many characteristics depend on the type of wallpaper for the walls, and are indicated in detail, as a rule, in the form of pictograms on rolls.

Paper wallpaper

The most common. There are single-layer and two-layer. Have a number of advantages: available for the price, environmentally friendly, hypoallergenic, are simple in application.

Taking advantage of the instructions, you can stick yourself. At the same time, their choice in the market is impressive: different colors and shades, smooth or relief, with or without pattern.

But are short-lived, quickly burn out, losing color, absorb odors, do not hide the defects of the native surface. Pay attention to the density: 110-140 g / m2 optimal.

Fliselinova wallpaper

The combination of cellulose and polyester. Something among paper and tissue. As well as paper, natural and easy to apply.

But more durable, wear-resistant, moisture-resistant, well mask the seams and irregularities of the walls, have noise insulating properties. Of the minuses - a fairly high price.

Vinyl wallpapers

Consist of two layers: paper or phlizelin and polymer material (vinyl). There are: smooth, relief or in the style of silk screen. Also there are varieties of painting.

Of the advantages: moisture-resistant, durable, do not burn out, the cracks and uneven surfaces are well masked, easy to operate (you can wash and clean), are widely represented on sale.

This type is better not to use in the bedroom or childish, as they do not pass air and consist of synthetic materials. It is necessary to take into account the fact that it is quite difficult to stick them.

Acrylic wallpaper

Coated with a spraying. Similar to previous, but cheaper, natural-natural in its composition and "breathe."

However, they are less sustainable for dampness, so wet cleaning in the room with these wallpaper should be performed with marginal caution.

Fiberglass wallpaper

Produce a weaving method from fiberglass consisting of natural minerals. Very durable, fire-resistant, waterproof, paste air.

True, the selection of such wallpapers is limited, their price is high and when pasting will have to be resorted to the services of professionals.

Textile wallpaper

Presentable and exclusive, coated with natural fibers or combinations with synthetic. Of the advantages: Sun-resistant, do not miss noise, keep warm.

There are disadvantages: roads, their choice is not rich, the dust accumulate and absorb smells, are susceptible to pollution and mechanical effects. Some varieties have antiseptic properties.

Natural wallpaper

Wall coatings from the base covered with natural materials: straw, cork, bamboo, algae ...

As a rule, used to create unique and original interiors in eco-style. They do not miss noise, not allergenic. However, sensitive to moisture, need special care, have a high price. It is also important that after their stickers are visible joints.

Metallized wallpaper

Covered with a thin layer of metallic foil fixed by special means. Reliable, do not fade, easily clean, possess good sound insulation properties.

It is necessary to know that their cost is high and the installation is needed perfectly smooth surface.

Liquid wallpaper

Liquid - coating from a mixture of cellulose, natural fibers, decorative components. Have a number of advantages: do not form joints, dust do not attract, do not electrify. Also silence, after applying, dry for a long time, they can not be washed.

Photo wallpaper

This type of wallpaper is most often used to zoning the part of the space and are carefully glued parts of the increased photo of good quality.

The market presents and the corresponding panels printed on a single widescreen sheet.

Features of the combination of wallpaper

To create a unique interior, we use wall cladding with one or two or more types. The main thing is that they are combined in style and color scheme.

You can break the wallpaper of two species as independently, armed with the help of numerous resources: the Internet, specialized publications (they are widely represented a variety of types of wallpaper designs) and (which is win-win) - contact the services of designers.

Finally

Catalogs of shops are filled with an abundance of wallpaper of various styles, color hammes and shades, reliefs. The choice is wide: from economy to premium segment. The range is constantly expanding, new products appear - leather, stone, knitted, 3D wallpapers.

Based on our own needs, preferences - orient to products of famous firms - this is a result warranty!

Photo of wallpaper

Please make repost

How to choose the way wallpaper in the room? Types of wallpaper, expert recommendations.

Beautifully decorated premises are one of the components of a cozy atmosphere in a house or apartment. Therefore, special attention was paid to the decoration of walls from a long time. And one of the most ancient ways to decorate dwellings, along with their painting or staining, was decorating with special materials. These were wicker mats, tapestries, fabrics with drawdrid. Later, with a wide development and reduction of paper production, already at the end of the XIX century, the wall decoration began to do from paper - and the wallpaper appeared, in the understanding to which we were accustomed to our day. Interestingly, long before the dissemination of this technology to Europe, the paper was actively used as a decorating material in China and Japan.

Types of wallpaper
Types of wallpaper

The profession of the cooler in the old days was very respected and highly paid, so such a minor housing could afford a similar finish. By the way, an interesting fact is the great French playwright Jean-Baptiste Moliere (Plench) took place from the hereditary family of cooler. How lucky is the world culture that he moved away from family traditions - humanity could get few people who are famous for the famous coherer, but to lose the Moliere!

Wallpapers - view of building finishing materials for lining of walls and ceilings indoors. Present a canvas twisted into a roll. The main dimensions of the canvas: width - 0.53, 0.70, 1.06 m, length - 10 and 25m. Wikipedia.

However, we will not be distracted anymore. Despite such a rich history and on the emergence of many other finishing materials, the wallpaper is not at all going to "take the position of popularity." On the contrary, their family, giving tribute and old technologies, is constantly replenished with innovative developments, significantly expanding the possibilities of high-quality decoration of premises. And in this manifold sometimes it is not easy to figure out. Therefore, the proposed publications will consider the types of wallpaper offered today, their advantages and disadvantages are weighed, general recommendations for choosing such a finishing material are given.

Wallpaper rating

Photo Name Rating Price
#one Fliselinova wallpaper ⭐ 95. / 100 3 - Voices More details
# 2. Vinyl wallpapers ⭐ 85. / 100 2 - Voices More details
# 3. Paper wallpaper ⭐ 70. / 100 1 - Voice More details
#four Textile wallpaper ⭐ 65. / 100 More details
#five Glass equipment ⭐ 55. / 100 More details

Wallpaper varieties for manufacturing material

Currently, there are a lot of types of wallpapers made using various materials of natural and artificial origin. To begin with - simply list them, and then consider each type more closely.

  • Paper wallpaper.
  • Fliseline wallpaper.
  • Vinyl wallpaper on paper or flieslinic basis.
  • Acrylic wallpapers, also on paper or flieslinic basis.
  • Fabric (textile) wallpapers.
  • Wallpapers from natural materials - cork, bamboo, etc.
  • Wallpaper based on fiberglass.
  • Metallized wallpaper.

Multiple mansion on this list can be noted liquid wallpaper, as well as photo wallpapers. Here the differences are not so much according to the material of the manufacture, as, in the first case - by the very texture and technology of applying material, and in the second - on the specifics of the design of the canvases and their configuration.

Paper wallpaper

Wallpapers, made of paper, are currently the most inexpensive category, which lies one of the main advantages. This, by the way, does not speak at all about the lack of quality: modern paper canvases are already far from those simple wallpapers that were offered on sale a couple of dozen years ago.

You should not consider paper wallpaper with some "yesterday
You should not consider paper wallpaper with some "yesterday's day." They are capable of competing with the canvases of their other materials on their decorativeness.

Another wonderful quality of paper wallpapers is their ecological purity. In addition, the paper structure misses water pairs well, that is, under the walls on the walls will never accumulate excessive dampness - the optimal medium for the development of various microflora type of mold or fungus.

The design of paper wallpapers is striking by its diversity - for every taste and color, in various designs - and colorful drawings, and embossing the relief, and structured textures with the introduction of solid or fiber inclusions into paper fibers. We must immediately say that by the ability to decorate the walls, paper wallpaper is not inferior to any other, and sometimes even exceed them in these indicators.

Wallpapers of two types: Simplex and duplex

  • Simplex - It is one-layer wallpaper, that is, a drawing is simply applied on the paper canvase.
  • Duplex - This is a combination of two paper layers, the bottom of which performs a peculiar "carrying reinforcing" function, and the external is already responsible for decorativeness. It is in duplex versions of wallpapers possible or structured design.

Duplex wallpapers, of course, have increased compared with the simplex strength and durability, which, however, is reflected in their cost.

Paper Duplex Wallpaper embossed
Paper Duplex Wallpaper embossed

Not devoid of, of course, paper wallpaper disadvantages, and - very significant:

- Any paper is typical of "water-shaped" - from the convergence of its structure begins to break out. This, by the way, somewhat complicates the process of stickers of such wallpapers - so that they are well fixed on the wall, the glue must be impregnated with their structure. Therefore, after the blasting is cleaved with glue, they give time to such impregnation, and only after that they are fixed to the surface. And the spacious wallpapers can begin "crawling", to fasten, to give folds and even break. That is, when working with them, the limit accuracy is required - the second chance of incorrectly glued cloth usually does not provide and sent to the pit.

- In paper - non-outstanding resistance to abreast load. That is, such a finish is easy to damage even, it would seem, very insignificant mechanical contacts. For this reason, paper wallpaper should not stick in the rooms where the frequent touch of the walls is not excluded - for example, in the hallway or corridor. But for the living room, bedroom, pediatric is an excellent option.

- Two listed above negative qualities naturally lead to the third - such a finish does not like wet cleaning, especially if the contamination has to be cleaned with a brush or sponge. This also limits the scope of using paper wallpaper.

There are among paper wallpapers and with increased resistance to abrasion, but still, even they can not be called full-fledged washable.

By the way, when choosing paper wallpapers, it can be easier to pay attention to their density. A golden middle is considered approximately 110 ÷ 140 g / m² - it is easier to work with them, and in addition, their density is even enough to hide small wall flaws. Light wallpapers (density of less than 110 g / m²) are very strong and crawled during gluing, and at the same time require a perfectly prepared surface. Any flaw is not something that will not hide - it is even rather, it will be emphasized after drying. Well, heavy wallpapers, with a density of more than 140 g / m², will require more effort when gluing, simply by virtue of its increased mass and reduced elasticity.

- Finally, most paper wallpapers do not show persistence and ultraviolet rays. In a word - the external design of such crafts will actively fade in those areas where sun rays fall through windows. This also must be borne in mind when choosing a finishing material.

The resistance to such an external influence is also different - it is indicated in the characteristics of the wallpaper. This will be described in more detail below.

Prices for paper wallpaper

Paper wallpaper

Disadvantages are significant, but they are justified by the low cost of wallpaper. Yes, their average service life is small, usually no more than 5 ÷ 7 years. But the replacement of them to the new ones (especially since the finish is often already starting to annoy the owners) will not entail any significant costs.

Fliselinova wallpaper

Someone at first can, just for ignorance, scare away a similar name - what kind of phlizelin is this? But worry about the non-trial material - there is no reason. In fact, Flizelin is the closest relative of ordinary paper. The raw materials for its production are also performed by cellulosic fibers, however, passing the fundamentally different processing technology. And in the end, it is an environmentally friendly material, completely harmless to humans and the environment. This is confirmed by the very widespread use of phlizelin in medicine, including - for the manufacture of sterile overalls.

Fliselin wallpapers: Advantages and Disadvantages
Fliselin wallpapers: Advantages and Disadvantages

Features of production technology predetermine the wonderful qualities that phlizelin differs from their paper "fellow".

This may look a clean flieslinic cloth. Raw materials for its manufacture, as well as for paper, cellulose fibers perform.
This may look a clean flieslinic cloth. Raw materials for its manufacture, as well as for paper, cellulose fibers perform.

First of all, it is necessary to note the high indicators of the strength of the material - to damage it, efforts to break or abrasion are required much more significant. Moreover, moisturizing the material does not at all reduce these characteristics. And at the same time, all the advantages of paper, including vapor permeability, maintain to fully.

By and large, fliseline and is not required as paper, impregnation with glue - a special thinned location of the fiber makes this process very fast. And when performing finishes, it can only be enough for a high-quality wall with glue. But even during wetting, the fliesline canvases do not begin to swell, deform, "sailing." That is, their sticking is not an example easier than paper, which is particularly important for inexperienced repairmen. Moreover, the flieslinic wallpaper of medium and high density can hide small wall defects, that is, to output the surface to perfect smoothness often and will not be required. And one more dignity, also associated with elasticity - when shrinking the walls, if small cracks appeared on them, they will not come through the finish. Paper in such situations is usually breaking through, the phlizelin is able to cope with such deformation, stretching at the place.

Prices for flieslinic wallpaper

Fliselinova wallpaper

Paints are perfectly lying on the flieslinic cloth, relief embossed is well. And on the wealth of design options, such wallpapers may well argue with paper.

Fliseline wallpaper can have the most different design, including with a combination of colors and embossed relief.
Fliseline wallpaper can have the most different design, including with a combination of colors and embossed relief.

Odnotonic phlizelin wallpapers are available with texture pattern - they are intended for later staining in the chosen hue.

You can mention another feature of flieslinic wallpaper, which, with a different approach, is regarded as a flaw, and how dignity. If you look again on the illustration with the Flizelin web, then its translucent structure is clearly noticeable. That is, thin flieslinic wallpaper after sticking can shine a little. And this, in turn, means that the surface under the decoration should be thoroughly prepared - primed up in one color so that the "spots" do not break through the wallpaper. For example, if a plasterboard wall is wedged, it should be covered over the entire area, and not only on the lines of the sheets of GLCs and in the location of the screws. However, it is preferably to completely put the drywall surface, but already somewhat different.

How is it recommended to cook walls before sticking wallpaper?

Do not be too relying on the fact that the wallpaper is capable of hiding the wall surface defects. Yes, surface preparation is carried out not with such "fanaticism", as under painting, but still requires care. Read more Puttailing walls under the wallpaper Tell a special publication of our portal. And another article will give recommendations On the priming of the walls before sticking wallpaper .

But this "translucency" some designers of interiors often consider both dignity. Such qualities of phlizelin open up very wide horizons of a completely exclusive design of walls, with a kind of tint "backlit from the inside."

Finally, it should be noted that Flizelin, however, as well as paper is widely used as a base layer in the manufacture of many other types of wallpaper, which will be discussed below.

Vinyl wallpapers

But with this type of wallpaper, naturalness is already "lame". Such canvas are made by spraying on a paper or fliesline base of the polymer - polyvinyl chloride layer (in the spacious - vinyl), on which it is then applied or a colorful pattern, or a relief pattern, or a combination of them.

A distinctive feature of vinyl wallpaper is increased resistance to humidity and to abreasing loads.
A distinctive feature of vinyl wallpaper is increased resistance to humidity and to abreasing loads.

Such an external coating sharply changes the operational quality of the finishes. The canvase acquires waterproof, that is, they can be used in rooms with high humidity and even with a high probability of direct en suite jets (bathroom, shower, bathroom). They are not afraid of wet cleaning, including with the use of detergents, sponges, brushes, etc. In addition, the contamination that fell on their surface is not absorbed into the structure - frozen on the surface and become imperceptible after cleaning. And this is exactly what is needed for the cuisine conditions.

Surface strength, abrasion resistance is invaluable quality for premises, where the walls are traditionally increased mechanical impact - corridors, hallways. Combined with wet cleaning capabilities - a very good option.

The disadvantage of such wallpapers can be considered a very low, close to zero vapor permeability. That is, the wall is "sealing" the finish, unable to "breathe". In adverse conditions, it becomes a prerequisite for the appearance of foci of mold, and the surface of the salamic walls itself can be covered with an apparatus - droplets of condensate.

Prices for vinyl wallpaper

vinyl wallpapers

Exit - ensure reliable ventilation of the premises to exclude moisture stagnation in the atmosphere of the room. And the walls before pasting vinyl wallpaper should be carefully prepared, including processing primers with an antiseptic effect.

Note that there are vinyl wallpapers and microperphoration, that is, which have the necessary conditions for sufficient vapor permeability. But the price in such samples is significantly higher.

The disadvantages of vinyl wallpapers include a completely tangible characteristic smell of plastic, which, of course, weathering over time, but it often requires a considerable period.

In a word, for the aggregate of the characteristics, the conclusion suggests itself - in the residential premises, especially in sleeping and children's rooms, there is nothing to do with vinyl wallpaper. Their scope of application - kitchens, bathrooms, showers, corridors and hallways, loggias and other similar premises.

When choosing glue for vinyl wallpaper, you should pay attention to the basis - for paper and fliesline, different compositions are required.
When choosing glue for vinyl wallpaper, you should pay attention to the basis - for paper and fliesline, different compositions are required.

Vinyl wallpaper is very heavy, and special adhesive should be used for finishing, capable of keeping the canvas on the vertical surface. True, it should also be considered that on what basis are certain vinyl wallpapers. So, glue for flieslinic wallpaper can be suitable for fliesline-based cloths - it is only necessary to dissolve it in a concentration corresponding to the density of the material.

But in itself the gluing process is extremely difficult in any way. With the good preparation of walls, high-quality and properly prepared glue, under the optimal conditions for work (normal temperature, lack of drafts), the wallpaper "falls" on the surface, it is quite simply adjusted with the jack and securely fixed.

Textile (fabric) wallpapers

Such wallpapers relate to the discharge of elite. On a paper or flieslinic basis, a layer of well-selected beautiful fabric is placed - silk, linen, velor, felt, jute, etc. What to say is the finish of such a material looks very richly, an absolutely special atmosphere is created in the room. Particularly good such wallpapers will be for bedrooms or for cozy family living rooms - they are able to create the best conditions for a comfortable stay.

Little can compare with textile wallpapers by the level of created comfort.
Little can compare with textile wallpapers by the level of created comfort.

The lack of such wallpapers is a very high price. And at the same time, to take on their own stagnation, not having experience - smacks the adventure. That is, you will have to appreciate the cost of the canvas themselves also pay for the services of the wizard.

Another disadvantage can be considered that textiles can accumulate dust. Wet cleaning such wallpapers are not transferred, it means that not to cause allergic reactions at households, you will often have to put into the course of the vacuum cleaner.

What to do - for such beauty you have to pay and directly, and indirectly.

Wallpaper from natural materials

Such wallpapers are also manufactured usually on a paper or fliesline basis, but some natural materials are used as a decorative coating.

  • The thin elastic layer of cork veneer gives the canvas and unique decorativeness, and good insulation and thermal insulation qualities. But this is not all the advantages of such a finish.
Cork wallpaper is almost one advantages, except for high cost ...
Cork wallpaper is almost one advantages, except for high cost ...

The cork is not afraid of dampness, it can easily withstand frequent wet cleaning. The material has hypoallergenic qualities, which is very important for people with predisposition to allergic reactions. The plug includes natural antiseptics - you can not worry about the appearance of mold or fungus.

Such wallpapers are pretty comfortable in sticking - they are lungs and without much difficulty are aligned on a well-trained wall.

Well, on the creation of a comfortable environment, the plug, probably, and at all "ahead of the planet all" - the material is always warm to the touch, and on beautiful natural patterns literally "resting eyes".

The only significant drawback is a high cost.

  • Wallpaper from bamboo, rice straw, palm fibers, natural veneer from valuable wood and some other types of plant raw materials - is definitely very notes exotic. As the basis, again, it is published or paper, or phlizelin, although there are wallpapers and unduminarious, single-layer.
Wallpaper from bamboo or other vegetable raw materials - perceived as exotic
Wallpaper from bamboo or other vegetable raw materials - perceived as exotic

About the natural purity to speak too much - everything is clear with her. The material looks very favorably on the walls, with a skillful approach to the interior design of the room, of course. Usually, natural shade is left to fibers or lamelters, that is, dyes are not used at all. On the contrary, the naturalness of the material is emphasized by special treatment.

You can afford to make some fragment of the wall like wallpaper. But to finish with them a whole room - it seems to be optional, especially since it is not always such registration will be appropriate. Everything is good in moderation. Especially - for the money ...

Glass equipment

This type of finishing material is a mansion. First, here you will not find neither papers nor fliseline - only rolled in the canvas of the fibers obtained by melting glass. Secondly, the wamp of the walls does not even mean the end of the finish - there is still a stage of staining.

Gymelomotoes mostly have a simple embossed pattern and are intended for subsequent staining.
Gymelomotoes mostly have a simple embossed pattern and are intended for subsequent staining.

Yes, the decorativeness of these canvases is usually limited to a textured or embossed pattern of not too high complexity. And their stagnation on the wall is a peculiar creation of "artistic canvas" under the subsequent paint. It is noteworthy that high-quality fiberglass wallpapers are able to serve 20 ÷ 30 years and calmly withstand over 10 and more repainting cycles. That is, the interior update is achieved with minimal costs and in the shortest possible time!

Stay on such wallpapers will not be - they are dedicated to a separate publication.

Features of the walls of the walls in fiberglass wallpaper

This somewhat unusual way to finish the walls requires a specific approach and to the choice of materials, and to their use. Nothing supervised - but some nuances need to know certainly. More This topic is highlighted in the publication of our portal. "How to glue the glassy under painting" .

Liquid wallpaper

By and large - this is not the wallpaper at all in the classical understanding of this term. Rodinitis is only the purpose - the walls of the walls, and the starting material - again they are cellulose fibers, however, in the flocculation and fine form.

With the help of "liquid wallpapers" it is possible to apply art panels on the walls on our own projects.
With the help of "liquid wallpapers" it is possible to apply art panels on the walls on our own projects.

But the technique of finishing is already more like applying decorative plaster. And there are few efforts here - often there is also a considerable artistic talent, for example, to create a beautiful multicolor composition on the wall.

What is liquid wallpaper and how do you separate the walls?

Some owners of houses and apartments did not even hear about such a method of finishing. But he has a lot of advantages! And one of them is what can even be made Liquid wallpaper with their own hands , give them the desired tint, and then apply on the surface of the walls. Read more about this extraordinary material - in a special publication of the portal.

Prices for liquid wallpaper

liquid wallpaper

Photo wallpaper

This type of finishing is also put on the sob. Although most often the photo wallpaper is made on the same basis as the usual, it is better to consider separately. The fact is that there are already several other principles of choice and evaluation in relation to such a finish - it is precisely decorative, sometimes to the detriment of operational qualities.

Well-chosen photographic walls can become a nontrivial interior decoration. The main thing is that the image really fits in the "atmosphere" of the room, and did not look like an alyapic foreign spot.
Well-chosen photographic walls can become a nontrivial interior decoration. The main thing is that the image really fits in the "atmosphere" of the room, and did not look like an alyapic foreign spot.

The feature is also in the fact that, in contrast to all other types, such wallpapers are not purchased by the number of rolls with the calculation of a specific area of ​​the decoration, but a piece kit. It usually includes several fragments, of which on the wall, showing realness and increased accuracy, it is necessary to make a photo shock.

Once, at the dawn of the appearance of photo wallpapers in the domestic market, the fashion on them was mad. They purchased without a special parsing what was able to get. And, accordingly, the photo wallpaper is often selflessly binding to the rest of the premises. Gradually, passions were lowered, and now the photo wallpaper is most often used, so to speak, "point", carefully selecting the composition. So that it really harmonized with the finish, it became its addition or even the central elements of the interior, "spread space," gave other interesting effects. But in any case, it didn't look a candid kitch.

Where are the photo wallpapers and how to shove them yourself?

The choice of photo shutters should be approached very carefully - there is no guarantee that the image is large, in the whole wall, like today, will not become a permanent stimulier after a few months. If it is still decided to purchase and Alone to stick photo wallpaper - Check out the recommendations in the special publication of our portal.

* * * * * * *

The publication has not yet been mentioned metallic (more precisely metallized) wallpaper. The fact is that, you have to recognize, the author of these lines has never been able to have a matter with them. And to argue about the advantages and disadvantages of the material with which completely unfamiliar is at least incorrect.

However, the author will be happy if someone from readers will be able to share their experiences with such overalls, tell me how they show themselves in sticking and in operation. It can be comments on this article or even a separate extended publication that will be published (not free) on the pages of our portal. But only - really reliable, and not "reflected" from other resources.

Video: Review of modern wallpaper types

For what other criteria are evaluated and wallpaper

It seems clarity with what wallpaper for what premises will be suitable to the maximum degree. But even the material of the same type can have certain differences in terms of gluing technology, operating conditions, and even dismantling at regular repairs. This should also be able to understand.

Evaluation of specific wallpaper quality

Finishing materials in our time are usually purchased no longer in the markets, but in specialized stores. That is, you can count on the help of staff. Of course, the consultation received from a polite and competently prepared seller is very useful. However, sometimes the desire to "fuse" the enjoyed goods can host the "Advancement Workers" on the "Effortion of Reality". That is, it makes sense to learn to read that information that is mandatory located on almost every roll, more precisely, on its packing label.

Packaging label of the wallpaper is able to "share" very important information.
Packaging label of the wallpaper is able to "share" very important information.
  • Of course, the material of the manufacture of wallpaper (for multi-layer - and substrates and an external decorative layer) is indicated.
  • In mandatory, the size of the canvas in the roll must be indicated (in the example given in the illustration - is highlighted with a red ellipse and arrow).

Roll dimensions are most often standardized. And they must be clarified to calculate the required number of purchased material and for the subsequent cutting of the canvas.

  • Each, if you can put it, the "models" of the wallpaper is assigned a unique number - article (highlighted in blue). Even a completely small change in the drawing or its color entails and change this article. That is, in the case when the material is purchased for finishing the same room, you need to trace the article to coincide on all rolls.
  • But that's not all. Even in the unity of the articles, the exact coincidence of the color tones is not guaranteed. Here it is more about the production technology - it is very difficult to refill production equipment paint in ideal proportions. From here - and the possible scatter, which, by the way, can be completely impaired in the store. But after sticking wallpapers on the wall - to appear "in all its glory." To avoid such a "Faila", it is necessary to acquire rolls also a strictly one batch (highlighted green). Here, with such a choice of drops of color tones, will be completely excluded.
  • The label is also a number of pictograms speaking the features of this type of wallpaper (on the illustration is highlighted with a purple frame and arrow). If you can change them to decipher, the picture will become finally understandable. So take yourself to "weapons":

A. Symbols talking about the stability of wallpapers to wet cleaning.

Pictogram Decoding value
Wallpapers do not possess moisture resistance. Moisturizing is allowed only when sticking them to the wall.
Periodic wet cleaning without a mechanical effort.
Wallpaper of increased moisture resistance, allowing an unlimited amount of wet cleaning, but without the use of abrasive load.
Wear resistance of wallpaper allows them wet cleaning with the use of brushes.
Wallpaper of increased moisture and durability. The amount of wet cleaning with the use of abrasive impact and household means is not limited.

B. Symbols denoting the stability of wallpaper to fading.

Pictogram Decoding value
Resistance to fading is practically absent. Wallpaper is glued only in the "shadow" zone.
Weak stability in ultraviolet exposure.
Moderate stability in ultraviolet exposure.
High resistance to fading - wallpapers are suitable for solar rooms.
Maximum resistance to ultraviolet - Wallpapers will retain the original wealth of colors, regardless of their location during the entire period of operation.

B. Symbols indicating the features of sticking and removing wallpaper.

Pictogram Decoding value
The glue is applied on the wallpaper canvas.
The glue is applied only on the wall.
Wallpapers are equipped with an adhesive layer, which requires water moisturizing
Wallpapers are removed from the wall dry with whole canvases.
When removing the wallpaper, they are resolve - the lower layer (substrate) remains on the wall.
To remove wallpaper, their moisturizing is required.

By the way, clarify one question - is it good that the bottom layer (more often it concerns flieslinic bases) remains glued on the wall? Yes, the finishers enjoy this. The remaining layer of Fliselin becomes a good reinforcing "grid", which perfectly lies with a shtalavka for any further finish, for example, staining or sticking new wallpaper.

G. Icons for more information about the wallpaper

Pictogram Decoding value
Two-layer wallpapers with an embossed embossed pattern.
Wallpaper of increased surface strength, resistance to mechanical loads and scratching.
Wallpaper It is recommended to stick the pectoris, followed by end-to-end cutting and removal of cropped fragments.
Wallpapers are part of the conceptual collection, that is, additional interior accessories can be purchased for them - curtains, capes for furniture, plinths and other elements of the overall decoration of the room.

Other more information signs are possible. Their meaning is usually easy to guess intuitively.

And another rather large and extremely important group of icons remained unrevised. This is done intentionally - we will get to know her in the last section of the publication dedicated to the calculation of the number of wallpaper.

Wallpaper Types: Photo

Paper Wallpaper with Pattern
Paper Wallpaper with Pattern
Textile wallpaper
Textile wallpaper
Budget paper wallpaper
Budget paper wallpaper
Wallpaper with drawing
Wallpaper with drawing
Fliselinova wallpaper
Fliselinova wallpaper

How to determine the required number of wall roll rolls?

When the desired wallpaper is already, in principle, it is selected, the time of the calculations of the required quantity comes.

At first glance, everything seems completely obvious. Length and width of the roll of wallpaper is known, that is, it is easy to calculate its area. Walls either will not be difficult to measure around the perimeter and height. The attitude of the square will show the number of rolls. So?

No not like this.

Another important rules should be taken into account that will directly affect the results of the calculations.

Let's in order.

First of all, the axiom is observed - the surface throughout the floor to the ceiling (or, let's say more precisely, from the lower to the upper edge of the area of ​​the area) should be closed by one solid web. Horizontal joints are completely excluded. That is, if even very long pieces remain with a roll of roll, but still insufficient to close the site, their use is abruptly limited - only to fill small fragments of walls, for example, above the doors, above and under the windows, etc.

It means that the amount of solid canvases can be chopped by a very important parameter, which can be chopped from one roll.

With a plot, of course, the height of the site plays an important role. It should be remembered that the technology of proper bleaching of the wallpaper involves the presence of spaces from above and below, about 20 ÷ 30 mm, which will then be carefully cut under a ruler, for example, along the ceiling and floor baseline line, or simply on the planned horizontal line. That is, in the calculations to the model height of the past area, more than 50 mm are added.

A simple example. The roll length is 10.05 m. It is necessary to cut it on the canvas for the seating of a section "clean" 2.2 m. To this height, another 0.05 m on the allowances from above and below are added. It turns out that 10.05 / 2.25 = 4.46, that is, four full web and a residue of 0.46 × 2.25 = 1.04 m, which will already have to look for another application (spoiler - it is usually found) .

But that's not all. It also happens that the number of integers becomes even less.

To deal with this, we turn to the consideration of those remaining icons that carry information on the procedure for the location of wallpapers on the wall when they are influenza and the peculiarities of mutual docking of the canvas.

To begin with - just badges, then consider them a few more

№№ Pictogram Decoding value
1All canvases are pasted in the direction indicated by the arrow.
2Wallpapers are drawing a "reversible" type, that is, each subsequent canvas unfolds 180 degrees relative to the previous one.
3The drawing on the wallpaper does not require any compatibility.
4The drawing requires combination, but without a vertical shift.
5The drawing is requiring alignment with a shear of the vertical shear.
6The pitch of the picture (its rapport) and the vertical shift value equal to half the rapport.

1- This icon does not impose any additional requirements when carrying out calculations.

2- Such wallpapers are rarely found, and usually their drawing does not require align horizontally. As a rule, vertical lines prevail on such canvases. An example is shown in the illustration below.

An example of wallpaper with a drawing of a reversing type - each next sheet turns over 180 degrees.
An example of wallpaper with a drawing of a reversing type - each next sheet turns over 180 degrees.

It is clear that the cutting of the roll can be carried out from any arbitrary point.

3- Also very convenient in stripping and sticking option: the drawing does not require align, it is enough just to docile the edges of the sheets. The markup with a string can also be conducted from a completely arbitrary point, that is, the recent line of the previous web becomes the starting point for the subsequent.

Such wallpaper also no complies, except for the docking of the edges, is not required
Such wallpaper also no complies, except for the docking of the edges, is not required

It is clear that when the wallpaper is influencing such wallpapers, the pattern is limited to just a neat docking edges of adjacent canvases

4- Here is already somewhat more complicated. The drawing requires a combination horizontally, and with a string usually all the web starts their measurement from some single point of the pattern.

Wallpapers with a pattern requiring alignment horizontally, but without vertical displacement of the canvases
Wallpapers with a pattern requiring alignment horizontally, but without vertical displacement of the canvases

When the outlines, the situation does not exclude that wallpaper strips will go into trimming. It is easy to understand that with the most unfavorable situation, the length of these strips can be close to the magnitude of the rapport.

5- An even more difficult option, when for combining the pattern, each next can be removed vertically to the height of half of the rapport.

Drawing with a "diagonal" arrangement, requiring displacement of the canvas when combining parts
Drawing with a "diagonal" arrangement, requiring displacement of the canvas when combining parts

With looting such wallpapers, there may be a situation with a considerable amount of cropping, by analogy with the previous example.

6- Such an icon is denoted by the height of the rapport in centimeters and the magnitude of the displacement of the canvas. Very useful information for settlements.

Thus, when determining the number of cloths from one roll, it makes sense to take into account also the height of the rapport. That is, the amount of solid canvases can and decrease.

Interestingly, experienced finishers tend to minimize losses, applying various tricks. So, under certain circumstances, the "cross-" cutting can help. That is, from the first roll, for example, the webs No. 1, No. 3 and No. 5 are cut out, from the second - No. 2, No. 4 and No. 6. Alternation can be different - it all depends on the source data. But to appreciate the possibility of such an approach, of course, experience is required. Although, if mathematical thinking is well developed - why not try to calculate this option?

So, if the perimeter of the room (or the length of the sections for the finishing) is known, it is easy to calculate how much the cloth of standard width is required for the complete closing of the walls. And then - this value is divided into the number of cloths obtained from one roll. The result is understandable, the required number of rolls will become.

Recommendations are often found immediately add another spare roll to the resulting quantity. There is sound grain in it, but you still need to evaluate the circumstances, as they say, at the place. Rolls are different, including a width of a meter and a length of 25 meters! Need this stock? - It seems unlikely. In addition, the cost of excess roll for some of the luxury class wallpapers is able to seriously "hit the pocket. So in this case requires care.

Surely the questions will follow - what about the window doorways? Remove them from the total area of ​​the wall, or take for a solid surface?

It should be properly understood that the absolute methods of calculating the number of wallpaper does not exist - in any particular case will certainly be their nuances. This, in particular, concerns the doors with windows.

Again, when assessing the situation, it is necessary to approach thoughtfully. For example, there is only one standard door in the room and one typical window. It will probably be reasonable, "not to notice" them in the calculations, taking for a solid wall. Excess will be small and will surely go to the overlap of small fragments of the walls. But if he is finished, say, a lounge with several doors, or a room with panoramic glazing, then, of course, the width of the windows and doors makes sense to exclude from the total perimeter. And the plots above the doors and windows will be covered by the created or reserve-generated stock.

The calculator calculator will be proposed below the reader, built on the considered algorithm. The introduction of the source data after the explanation did not cause issues. And therefore - literally a few words about the results of calculations.

The result will be shown in an integer, that is, with rounding to the biggest side. This value is without taking into account the recommended backup roll.

In addition, the following is another indicator - this is the same result, but already up to tenths of the length of the roll. For what - because no one in the store does not sell wallpaper? Yes, just to ensure that the user can immediately appreciate what his reserve is created, and does it make sense to stock up an additional roll. For example, at 7.1, and at 7.8, the rounded result will be shown to 8 rolls. But in the first case there is already almost a whole roll in the reserve, and in addition, apparently there is no need. And in the second - you can think about the acquisition of one extra.

Check out the detailed illustrated instructions, in our new article on our portal - "how to glue wallpaper."

Please use, but approach thoughtfully.

Calculator calculating the number of wall rolls

Go to calculations

Type of battered wallpapers in the interior: photo

Wallpapers of two types in the bedroom
Wallpapers of two types in the bedroom
Wallpaper with drawing
Wallpaper with drawing
Flizelin wallpaper: immediately after sticking
Flizelin wallpaper: immediately after sticking
An example of an interior with dark wallpaper
An example of an interior with dark wallpaper

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Wallpaper is one of the most popular finishing materials. The first copies of the fabric appeared more than a thousand years before our era and with the development of the industry from the material available only to the rich, turned into an interior decoration, which for everyone to pocket. In the manifold of designs, you can get confused: in this article we will tell you what is the wallpaper, and what to pay attention to when choosing.

Types of wallpaper for walls by material

1) Paper Wallpaper

For the first time were made in ancient China and a long time, the technology of their production was kept secret. Today, such a finish is one of the most popular on the market. There are single-layer and multi-layered paper wallpapers. The first is also called Simplex: one paper layer plays simultaneously the role of the substrate and the front side with a pattern printed by a typographical way. They are distinguished by a small thickness and smooth surface. Two-layer wallpapers - duplex - much stronger. They consist of several layers of paper, where one layer is a substrate, the second - the front side, the pattern on which can already be textured.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Alexey Bokkov

Project author: Alexey Bokkov

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Alexey Bokkov

Project author: Alexey Bokkov

Advantages of paper wallpaper:

  • Eco-friendly, do not cause allergies;
  • a wide selection of shades and patterns;
  • Low price (with the exception of special design collections).

Disadvantages:

  • moisture permeability;
  • Easily absorb odors and fat, so not recommended for use in the kitchen;
  • quickly abrade and fill up;
  • are not suitable for wet cleaning;
  • When applying glue, it is easy to rush;
  • Serve not more than five years.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Varvara Shabelnikova

Project author: Varvara Shabelnikova

2) Flizelin wallpaper

They are saved walls in almost every third apartment. Keep in mind that under this name two types of wallpaper with one component are sold - made entirely of fliesline and on a flieslinic basis. If you take them in your hands, the touch will resemble the fabric to the touch, but look like paper. And this is explained: Fliseline is 70% composed of cellulose and 30% of binding substances that are pressed together and become a nonwoven web. Large density and wear resistance - what distinguishes this material from paper.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

Fliselin wallpapers consist of several layers, of which only the upper is color or relief. The production technology of a hot embossed method allows you to create imitation of almost all known textures - up to the skin of the crocodile. Flizelin wallpaper weigh more, so it takes a more thick glue. But it can be applied directly on the wall, which simplifies the repair process. Wallpaper on a flieslinic basis can be both paper, vinyl and textile. It is from the front layer that many operational characteristics of the canvas depend on whether it will absorb moisture, burn out in the sun.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Evgenia Mishina

Project author: Evgenia Mishina

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Olga Kushnareva-Leone

Project author: Olga Kushnareva-Leone

Advantages of fliselin wallpaper:

  • eco-friendly;
  • resistant to ignition;
  • dense and durable;
  • Due to the greater roll width form less junctions;
  • do not cause difficulties with installation and painting;
  • moisture-resistant;
  • paste air;
  • Do not absorb dust and fat, easily wash.

Disadvantages:

  • subject to mechanical damage;
  • Collect dust on embossed places;
  • Higher cost.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Elena Dyakova

Project author: Elena Dyakova

3) vinyl wallpaper

They are produced on a paper or flieslinic basis, but the decorative layer forms vinyl, or polyvinyl chloride. Most often, the facial side of the web is decorated with a pattern, embossed or relief pattern. Several types of vinyl wallpapers are distinguished: foamed vinyl more flattened and well hides the lack of walls; CD-vinyl is characterized by a lesser sheet thickness and a smooth surface; Heavy vinyl wallpaper is the most durable and not afraid of water or the impact of household chemicals. For the installation of such a product, special glue is needed. Depending on the type of wallpaper, it can be applied to the wall or only to the surface of the sheet. Therefore, it is important before sticking to explore the instructions.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Vinyl wallpapers imitating bricks. Project author: Natalia Gorbunova

Vinyl wallpapers imitating bricks. Project author: Natalia Gorbunova

Advantages of vinyl wallpaper:

  • moisture-resistant;
  • easy to care, you can wash the brush and wipe with a damp cloth;
  • elastic and dense;
  • Durable, do not fade in the sun;
  • A wide variety of designs.

Disadvantages:

  • airproof;
  • Under wallpaper, condensate and fungus may occur;
  • Some wallpaper varieties are very expensive.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Vinyl wallpaper, imitating boards. The authors of the project: Pavel Burmakin, Ekaterina Vasilyeva, Ksenia Kestber

Vinyl wallpaper, imitating boards. The authors of the project: Pavel Burmakin, Ekaterina Vasilyeva, Ksenia Kestber

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project authors: Nikita Bakharev, Maria Bakhareva

Project authors: Nikita Bakharev, Maria Bakhareva

4) Textile Wallpapers

Modern twisted first tissue wallpapers, which were attached to pieces to the wall without any processing. Today, the production technology, of course, changed: the upper layer of the upholstery is made of fabric, and the basis is paper, acrylic fabric or felt. The fabrics used can be both natural and artificial - on this depends on the total cost of the product.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project authors: Maria Makhonina, Alexandra Kazaktseva

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project authors: Maria Makhonina, Alexandra Kazaktseva

Advantages of fabric wallpaper:

  • provide noise insulation;
  • do not burn out in the sun;
  • Keep warm in the room;
  • Make space cozy;
  • eco-friendly;
  • Have a unique appearance.

Disadvantages:

  • require specialized installation;
  • subject to mechanical damage;
  • It is impossible to wash;
  • absorb smells;
  • expensive.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Tatyana Brimmer

Project author: Tatyana Brimmer

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project author: Olga Surkov

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project author: Olga Surkov

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project author: Olga Surkov

Silk wallpapers De Gournay. Project author: Olga Surkov

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Textile wallpapers from natural cargo. Project author: Varvara Shabelnikova

Textile wallpapers from natural cargo. Project author: Varvara Shabelnikova

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Irena Barene

Project author: Irena Barene

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Olga King

Project author: Olga King

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

Project author: Anna Razmeeva-Smirnova

5) Glassy

The material of the manufacturing process takes place special processing: at a very high temperature of the molten glass, fiber makes, and from it further appear threads. With the help of machines, these threads are converted into a cloth with relief patterns. For fixing, a special composition is used, which includes a modified starch. Glass windows are not colored, so they need to be painted.

Advantages of glasses:

  • Do not combustible and do not distinguish harmful substances;
  • strengthen the strength of the wall;
  • serve for more than 30 years;
  • Pass passes, the condensate is not formed under them;
  • do not burn out in the sun;
  • no moisture and household chemicals are not afraid;
  • easy to care;
  • Do not cause allergies.

Disadvantages:

  • Difficult disassembly, you need to scrape from the wall;
  • For sticking, very smooth walls are required.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Glassworks for painting Erfurt, Rauhfaser

Glassworks for painting Erfurt, Rauhfaser

6) Photo wallpaper

This is a cloth to which the drawing is applied by the method of widescreen printing. As the basis today uses canvas, vinyl, satin. Due to the variety of patterns and drawings, as well as the absence of seams, this material can be used almost everywhere.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Max Zhukov

Project author: Max Zhukov

The advantages of photo wallpaper:

  • The choice of drawing is limited only by the fantasy of the customer;
  • durable;
  • do not burn out in the sun;
  • Hold wet cleaning.

Disadvantages:

  • require perfectly smooth and smooth walls;
  • It will take care of a professional for sticking;
  • relatively expensive.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Italian wallpaper Tecnografica.

Italian wallpaper Tecnografica.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Italian wallpaper Tecnografica.

Italian wallpaper Tecnografica.

7) liquid wallpaper

This is a decorative coating for the finishing of walls, which is often confused with decorative plaster. Unlike it, there are no sand in liquid wallpapers, but there are other components - wool, silk, cotton, glitters and glue. Material can be bought both in a dry and finished form, while the technology of application is simple: experts say that even children will cope with it.

The advantages of liquid wallpaper:

  • easy to repair;
  • do not ignite and do not distinguish harmful substances;
  • environmentally friendly;
  • no seams;
  • Do not absorb dust and fat;
  • Do not fade in the sun.

Disadvantages:

  • a small selection of coloring;
  • expensive.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Liquid wallpaper in the interior

8) cork wallpaper

They are produced from the cortex of cork wood and they greatly retain heat and absorb the sound. They may be undoubted or with a paper or fliesline substrate. The texture of the veneer forms a beautiful natural drawing in warm colors, besides, it is pleasant to the touch - this is exactly what attracts many buyers. Wallpapers are very plastic, so they can be saved convex or concave surfaces.

Advantages of cork wallpaper:

  • refractory;
  • durable;
  • repulse dust;
  • environmentally friendly;
  • Resistant to deterioration of detergents.

Disadvantages:

  • can swell due to excess moisture;
  • limited design;
  • expensive.

9) bamboo wallpaper

They are splitting on elements of bamboo trunks. In fact, this is the bark, which was divided into tapes width from 0.5 to 5 centimeters and dried. To reduce the fragility of the material, use the tissue basis. Bamboo wallpapers are pretty heavy, so liquid nails or special glue are required for their installation.

The advantages of bamboo wallpaper:

  • eco-friendly;
  • do not cause allergies;
  • service life of up to 10 years;
  • You can stick horizontally or vertically.

Disadvantages:

  • there are visible places of lists;
  • You can not use on the corners, you need molding;
  • Limited design.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Types of Wallpaper

Smooth wallpaper

The main emphasis on them is on the drawing and color, for sticking needed a perfectly flat wall, otherwise the slightest defects will be visible. But relief wallpapers are able to hide surface flaws and decorate the interior. Such a canvas can have many designs, depending on the manufacturing technology.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project authors: Nikita Bakharev, Maria Bakhareva

Project authors: Nikita Bakharev, Maria Bakhareva

Flocks wallpaper

Have a velvety surface in the form of a geometric or vegetable ornament. The top layer is created by special technology: the basis with the help of adhesive is a pile - flock.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Elena Dyakova

Project author: Elena Dyakova

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Natalia Gorbunova

Project author: Natalia Gorbunova

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project authors: Maria Bakharev, Nikita Bakharev

Project authors: Maria Bakharev, Nikita Bakharev

Wallpaper with silk screen

This is a vinyl wallpaper with a pattern that is applied in a certain way. It can be hot stamping or silk-straple print. Visually coverage looks like a silk cloth, it is durable and distinguished by a noticeable gloss. The pattern may be monophonic or color, the drawing also often imitates different materials: wood, leather.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Anna Bystrov

Project author: Anna Bystrov

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

The authors of the project: Mikhail Toporov, Andrei Akimov

The authors of the project: Mikhail Toporov, Andrei Akimov

Wallpapers encrusted with beads, glassware and even stones

They are the basis of paper or phlizelin, which is applied by the scattering of decorative elements. The product looks effectively in rooms with good lighting: in the light of the light, the drawing is overflowing and makes the space more interesting.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Beaded wallpaper

Linker

Type of wallpaper, unusual in its way of manufacture. It is based on two paper layers, between which linseed oil, flour, wax, chalk are applied. Next, the roller squeezes a certain pattern and the canvas goes on the drying - up to two months. In the finished form on the wall, the wallpaper is similar to manual stucco. Due to the labor-intensity of production and storage - a linker can only be stored in a vertical position - this type of material is very expensive.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Linker

Analog Linker is an anaglipte wallpaper, patented by the British publisher Thomas Palmer. The wallpaper is based on natural fabric, so they are easier in the mounting and less weigh.

What are the wallpaper for walls: types of functionality

Washable

The degree of moisture resistance in washable wallpaper can be different: it is possible to determine it on the label in the form of a wave on the package. The more the symbols of the wave, the higher the stability of the material to moisture and cleaning with a cloth or sponge. Washing wallpapers can be found in the collections of vinyl, fliesline wallpaper, they are also not afraid of moisture of photo and glassy, ​​liquid wallpaper.

Moisture-resistant wallpaper

They do not suggest brushing and household chemicals, but they can still be used in the bathroom and in the kitchen - they do not respond to sharp changes in humidity. These are vinyl, phlizelin, fiberglass wallpaper types.

Anti-vandal wallpaper

Provide additional protection to surfaces, but this does not mean that damage will never appear on them. Such materials include glassworks, some types of phlizelin and vinyl wallpaper, liquid wallpapers - the latter are easily repaired in case of deformation.

How to use wallpaper in the interior

The most common way is to leave all the walls of the room with monochrome wallpaper or a canvas with a non-soldered unobtrusive pattern to create a background for furniture and decor. It is important to prepare a good wall under sticking, so that the defects do not stick to the wallpaper. From the professionalism of the repairmen, too, it depends a lot: for example, there will be seams on the junction of rolls. When buying, pay attention to the party number so that rolls in different boxes coincide with the tone of the picture.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Olga Kushnareva-Leone

Project author: Olga Kushnareva-Leone

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

The authors of the project: Kirill Kochetov, Ilya Shulgin

The authors of the project: Kirill Kochetov, Ilya Shulgin

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Olga King

Project author: Olga King

The accent wall is an excellent option if you need to highlight one of the walls of the room: in the headboard, for the sofa, in the niche. Here you can use bright and non-standard designs that attract attention.

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project authors: Oksana Turchak, Pavel Piyakin

Project authors: Oksana Turchak, Pavel Piyakin

All types of wallpapers for walls and their characteristics: what are and what to choose

Project author: Natalia Tymoshenko

Project author: Natalia Tymoshenko

Wallpapers can be combined with other materials: for example, with a tile in the bathroom, with paint in the room, with wooden lining - in the hallway. The main thing is that they are combined with each other in color and style.

Varieties of the basics and their characteristics

The base is the first, lower coating layer. It serves as a foundation for the material on which the upper decorative layer is applied. Due to the basis, the coating has a uniform color, it is easier pasted and the strength increases. There are three main types of basics, paper, flieshelinic and textile. Each of them has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.

View pros Minuses
Paper Low cost, large variety, breathable surface. A short service life, low strength, complexity during operation, is not resistant to moisture and temperature drops.
Fliselinovye Easy to work, not deformed when shrinking walls, mask small irregularities. High price.
Textile Soundproofing and thermal insulation, breathable surface. Difficulty in work, high cost.

What are the types of wallpaper and their features?

Paper

Wallpapers are presented in a wide variety of colors and drawings at fiscal value. Most often, the coating is made of a roll width of 53 cm. Three types of paper wallpaper are produced, in one, two and three layers.

Since the material is thin, the finish requires skill and a well-prepared surface of the walls. They do not differ in strength, almost not cleaned by cleaning, unstable to temperature differences and moisture. Suitable for finishing rooms with the least possible tactile contact, such as bedrooms.

Paper wallpaper

Vinyl

The popularity of the material is due to its wide variety. Represent the basis and upper polymer or PVC layer, are made by different techniques in several variations:

  • foamed vinyl
  • CD-Vinyl,
  • Silkography.

Externally, all covers are absolutely different and have different characteristics. Well sufficiently wet cleaning, have high strength, they are not afraid of high humidity and sun rays, suitable for painting.

Vinyl wallpapers

Fliselinovye

The species are divided into two types: flieslinic and those that have only the foundation from Flizelin. It is a dense and durable material that will help hide some irregularities of the walls. The coating is often used under painting, this species has a textured surface with a variety of relief pattern.

It is often manufactured in a wide format, the roll width is 1.06 meters, which is convenient when working with them. Flizelin base is similar to rubber material, well adapts to the surface of the wall.

Fliselinova wallpaper

Liquid

The type of finishing material used to decorate the walls and the ceiling. Safe and eco-friendly product. They are suitable for finishing the children's room and other residential premises, as they are natural ingredients.

Liquid wallpaper

Fabric (Textile)

Natural, not allergenic material that passes well and looks gorgeous. Fabric wallpapers increase sound insulation and thermal insulation rooms of the room.

Types of textile coatings Mass: linen, felt, jute, silk, velor and synthetic. However, the coating accumulates the dust, with the exception of linen, fades in the sun and has a fairly high cost

Fabric walls

Glass equipment

One of the most durable material for wall decoration. Gymelomes belong to anti-vandal form, it is a heavy web, they withstand mechanical damage, claws of animals, are not susceptible to burning and not afraid of moisture. The material is suitable for finishing any room, including a children's room, as it is environmentally friendly and easily ished.

Glass equipment

Natural

The canvases have natural composition and are made from plants and different parts of trees. Coatings have recognizable, characteristic only by them, texture. Natural rolled wallpapers are suitable for finishing balconies, toilets and residential rooms, they do not react to temperature differences, sunlight and high humidity. The most popular materials include bamboo, jute and cork.

Bamboo wallpaper

Corkscrews

Linker

Not the most famous, but very spectacular view of the coating. Linker is made in several stages and only from natural materials. An exception can be cheaper analogues. Externally, the canvas is a good noticeable relief coating. In the form of various patterns. The material is durable, moisture-resistant, durable and safe. Decorate the design of the classic or antique living room.

Linker

Acrylic

Acrylic species is created on the same technique as vinyl with foamed spraying, the difference is only in the upper layer, it is from acrylic. The characteristic of the material is characterized by low strength and moisture resistance. The thickness of the canvas is two times less than the vinyl wallpaper, when painting it is worth considering it.

Acrylic wallpaper

Quartz

The two-layer material consists of a basic and decorative layer of quartz sand with various additives. The view is durable, reliable, with an environmentally friendly and high operational period, suitable for staining.

Quartz wallpaper

Photo wallpaper

Photo printing is applied on the basics of different types: paper, flieslinic, vinyl. The canvas are made of different widths other than standard sizes. To increase the strength of the coating, an additional layer, varnish or laminating can be applied. The image can be realistic, in a 3D format, in the form of frescoes or stereoscopic.

Photo wallpaper

Classification by texture (surface type)

Smooth

The smooth coating focuses on the drawing and color of the wallpaper. For such wallpapers, a smooth surface is required, since even small defects will be visible. Smooth wallpaper is not suitable for painting and used as a final finish option.

Smooth wallpaper

Relief

The textured surface of the wallpaper can complete the image of the room or used under painting. Production technology provides different methods of applying the upper layer, which allows you to create complex patterns and imitation of other materials.

Reliefs

Types of relief wallpaper

Metal

Like other types of wallpaper consist of the base and the finish layer. A paper or flieslinic canvas is taken as the basis. For the upper layer, a thin aluminum foil is used, the previously passed process of artificial oxidation or treated with a dye to reduce electrical conductivity. The surface of the web can be mirrored and matte, with uniform or partial gloss.

Metal wallpaper

Flock or velor

Wallpapers can be attributed to the textile form. The canvas has a velvety surface in the form of a pattern, this is achieved by applying textiles on a paper or fliesline base treated with glue. The result is undoubtedly spectacular, plus it increases the sound insulation and thermal insulation quality of the room. However, fabric wallpapers absorb odors and attract dust.

Vellar wallpaper

Silkography

One of the types of vinyl coating with a complex method of manufacture, as a result of which a beautiful brilliant cloth with patterns is obtained, among other things, it has good qualitative indicators.

Wallpaper with silk screen

With glassware (with beads)

Otherwise they are called beads. The surface of the canvase is decorated with a glass frame of different sizes, forming multicolored patterns. The surface of the wallpaper of this type is quite durable and rigid, with high resistance to damage.

Wallpaper with beads

Wallpaper with beads

Varieties in the number of layers

The number of layers affects the strength, service life and external material data. Such division on the number of layers belongs to the wallpaper of a paper species. In total, they are distinguished by three: simplex, duplex and triplex, respectively one, two and three layers.

Type of coating pros Minuses
Simplex Low cost breathing surface. Thin, short service life, complex in work, burn out in the sun.
Duplex The stronger simplex, they are less fused in the sun, do not rush when sticking, have water-repellent properties. High cost, short service life (although it is more than that of a simplex).
Triplex The textured surface is suitable for staining, easy to work, less burning into the sun have water-repellent properties. High cost, short service life.

Varieties according to the method of drawing drawing

Embossed

Wallpaper embossed this coating with a relief pattern applied by a special way. Distinguish paper and vinyl embossed wallpapers.

  • Paper wallpapers are made of two layers, the pattern is extruded in the upper, as a result of which the relief surface is formed.
  • The vinyl wallpaper of hot stamping is made by several other technology. A foamed PVC layer is applied to the phliselin or paper base, which is subsequently heated to a high temperature and is pushed with a roller with a convex pattern.

Embossed wallpapers have high strength, they serve longer, do not burn out in the sun and well tolerate wet cleaning. They are suitable for finishing the kitchen and restroom, since they do not absorb smells and do not react to temperature differences.

Embedded wallpaper

Printed

Printing is applied to two types of coating overtook or intact. Protsed Wallpapers have the cost above, but undergo processing that protects against fading. There are no preliminary procedures for the untubered web, the drawing is printed immediately to the front part.

wallpaper

Natural

Natural wallpapers are made of natural raw materials and have a natural picture. A variety for bamboo wallpaper is obtained through the use of different parts of the stem. Cork coatings do not differ in variety, the drawing can have different density and color splashes. Jute canvases are usually made without a picture, but may be in the form of woven and inclusions.

Corkscrews

Species species

For walls

For decoration of the walls today, an incredible choice of material with completely different external data and characteristics is presented. The range allows you to choose a wallpaper with an orientation to a particular room and its conditions, whether it is high humidity, animal availability or bright sunlight.

Wallpaper for walls

For ceiling

Read also

Wallpaper on the ceiling

For the ceiling finish, white textured wallpapers are commonly used with a wide meter web, such as vinyl, phlizelin or fiberglass. Such coatings may have different relief and are suitable for staining. Another look is a liquid wallpaper, their main plus is the lack of seams after applying. They are also well suited for ceiling. You can also use colored wallpaper or with photo printing, the character of the image is completely dependent on personal preferences.

Wallpaper for ceiling

Functionality classification

Washable

Washing wallpapers can have a different degree of interaction with water. Decide with the way of care will help the marking, applied to the back side of the canvas or packaging. Typically, the marking is divided into four types and is indicated by the help of the waves.

Washable

Moisture-resistant

Wallpaper with increased moisture resistance suitable for kitchen finishing, bath or toilet. They allow you to carry out wet cleaning and do not react to moisture drops. Moisture-resistant wallpaper believes: fiberglass, vinyl, silk-screen printing, under painting and with a phlizelin basis.

Moisture-resistant wallpaper

Antivandal

Coating with high protection against damage to different kinds. There are several main species: laminated, fiberglass, flieslinic and commercial wallpapers. Pocked anti-vandal coatings do not give absolute protection against spots or scratching, but significantly reduce the likelihood of remaining traces. Excellent option for the hallway or corridor.

Anti-vandal wallpaper

Sound-absorbing

Almost all types of wallpapers have sound-absorbing properties in varying degrees. However, some of them have high indicators of this quality.

  • Tuffing wallpapers consist of their fabric base and synthetic coating, in addition to sound insulation, tuffing also insulate the room.
  • Vellar wallpapers consist of a paper base and artificial velor. Coating with pleasant external data, but not the highest sound insulation.
  • Cork wallpaper. Natural and noise-protecting finish.

Sound absorbing wallpaper

Under painting

Read also

Wallpaper under painting

For painting, different types of structural wallpapers are used, some of them are suitable for multiple staining, others take out only a few procedures. The main types include paper, phlizelin and fiberglass wallpaper.

  • The most durable glass of them are glass windows, they withstand many staining, keeping their qualities.
  • Flizelin wallpaper can be smooth and relief. A textured coating with a foamed vinyl layer is easily damaged.
  • Paper wallpapers have an eco-friendly composition, but are short-lived.

Wallpaper under painting

Other types of wallpaper

Self-adhesive

The type of finish does not require additional costs for glue. On the reverse side of PVC, the canvas is applied with dry glue, which covers protective paper from above. Before applying wallpaper, protective paper is simply removed.

Self-adhesive wallpaper

Changing color from temperature (thermoboons)

Thermoboons contain as part of thermocheries that react to temperature changes. Such wallpapers should be applied to the places of the greatest sunlight in the apartment, so during the day the surface of the walls will change.

Thermoboi.

Fluorescent

Other their name glowing wallpapers. In the interior, this type of finish looks very impressive, modern and unusual. The cunning lies in a special paint with lumineforms, it is these substances that make the drawing glow. With the light of ordinary lamps or daylight lighting, the wallpapers do not differ from ordinary, the pattern is manifested only in ultraviolet light.

Fluorescent wallpaper

Leather

Wallpapers of the skin are a kind of interior design. The material is practically not found in ordinary stores and has a high cost. The leather coating looks spectacular, it does not miss moisture, retains heat and serves as a soundproof barrier. However, the material is very capricious, when working with it, a hand master is required and possible mechanical contacts should be avoided.

Leather wallpapers

Cretaceous wallpaper

Wallpapers consisting of self-adhesive bases and black films. The front part is covered with vinyl spraying, on which you can draw shameles. An excellent solution for the children's room allows you to solve two problems at the same time - the development of the creative abilities of the child and the original view of the interior. There are also marker films, but they are often used in offices.

Cretaceous wallpaper

Photo gallery

A variety of production technologies that exist today and an unimaginable selection of colors greatly simplify life to us, any designer task can be implemented only by choosing the desired type of wallpaper and choose the desired shade.

Calculate walls with wallpaper - the most obvious and widespread method of finishing. But this finishing material has different characteristics and prices. What are the types of wallpaper than they differ, where it is better to apply - we'll talk about all this on.

Wide variety allows you to choose a finish under any style

Classification according to characteristics

In order not to make a mistake in when the wallpaper is selected, it is necessary to have an idea of ​​what they are at all. Let's start with the general classification on various features and properties.

The first, with which it is worthwhile - this is with how much the finish should "be friends" with water and how often it will be necessary to wash. On this basis, they are:

  • Conventional, which are cleaning with a dry way - a vacuum cleaner with a soft brush. In the most contaminated places, you can rub a slightly wet sponge. But no more coarse exposure to be bored. Basically, this group includes paper wallpapers, also some types of acrylic (which are cheaper).
  • Waterproof. Cleaning is possible with the use of a cloth and a sponge, but without much diligence. It is allowed to use liquid detergents in the diluted state. Such processing is allowed a limited number of times.

    Graphic display of the degree of washing ability of wallpaper

  • Washable. You can care for the finish of this type using brushes. In particularly polluted places, the use of non-aggressive liquid detergents is allowed.
  • Super washable (friction resistant). Moisture-resistant wallpapers that can be washed with a brush and detergent. These are mostly vinyl different species and some others - from natural components.

This characteristic is displayed on the label of each roll in the form of a graphic icon - a wavy line (see photos).

Next, it is worth decar on the burnout. It is no secret that some materials and paints on the surfaces lit by the sun are changing their color. For sun rooms, it is better to choose wallpaper resistant to fading. In the premises, the windows of which go to the West or North, it is not so critical. For those without windows (corridors, bathrooms, bathrooms, etc.) it does not matter at all. This characteristic is also displayed on the label of the sun pictogram (in the photo below).

Burning wallpaper resistance - graphic designation

An important drawing can be important. Some colors do not require the selection of the pattern and displacement (monophonic). Others - require displacement, and for different magnitude. The offset increases the flow rate of the finishing material. This information is also indicated on the label using icons.

Fitting pattern for wallpaper is depicted using pictograms

All types of wallpapers are equipped with an instruction insert on which these data are displayed. There are also images that display the method of applying glue. It is displayed and the removal method - they are removed in whole or in part. Next, consider the types of wallpaper - what they are made, which are of advantages, disadvantages, scope.

Wallpaper Wallpapers

Paper

Move from cellulose. There is a thin single-layer option (simplex) and a denser two-layer (duplex). Their main advantages:

  • do not distinguish harmful substances and can be used in residential premises;
  • glued simply without requiring special skills;
  • Do not interfere with air exchange, improving air circulation.

The minuses include short-term life. On the other hand, they can be used in children's rooms, where the repair is done quite often - the children grow and they need a situation that corresponds to their age. The low cost of rolls allows you to do this without much damage to the family budget. To extend the service life, you can cover them with a layer of varnish, PVA glue, or immediately choose a moisture-resistant variety, already having a protective layer.

Fliselinovye

Made from a mixture of cellulose and polyester. The natural base gives this material the ability to skip air, so it can be glued in any rooms. To other advantages include:

  • Ease of installation - glue is applied only on the wall;
  • lack of shrinkage after drying;
  • ability to mask small base defects;
  • Increased strength compared to paper.

They can be taken under painting, they are designed for 10 repaint cycles. The disadvantage is the small thickness of the material, as a result of which all the dark spots on the poorly prepared wall are transmitted through it. Therefore, it is recommended to rejuvenate the surface before sticking this species.

Vinyl

Different with high strength. They are two-layer. Bottom Layer - Paper or Flizelin. Upper - foamed polyvinyl chloride. It is resistant to pollution and mechanical effects. The surface can be washed with a damp cloth using cleaning agents. Therefore, this species is often used for kitchens, bathrooms and hallways. The vinyl layer can be smooth or embossed, which adds relief pattern. For example, models that repeat the brickwork are distinguished by great accuracy. The pros also include:

  • the ability to imitate different materials (stone, plaster, fabric);
  • Resistance to ultravioleti;
  • The ability to smooth the building disadvantages.

Cons vinyl also exist. It does not let the air, so it is not advised to glue in bedrooms and children's rooms.

These are the main varieties that can be found in any construction store. In addition to them, what other types of wallpapers for walls? List the most interesting.

Liquid

They can be called the most unusual type of finishing. They are a dry mixture packaged in packets, which consists of cellulose, dyes and glue. It is bred by water in the desired proportion, and then applied to the base with a spatula. Hyd, the solution forms a durable layer, which has such properties:

  • noise insulation;
  • health safety;
  • resistance to burnout in light;
  • Alignment of the surface and disguise its disadvantages;
  • Relief invoice without jams.

A huge plus of liquid wallpapers is the ease of their repair. If necessary, the desired area is cut, swinging and again applied to the same place. The disadvantage of this species is the fear of moisture.

Textile

The most exquisite type. A layer of fabric is applied to the base (paper or fliesline): silk, cotton, viscose, velor, flax. So that they do not attract dust, in the production process, they are subjected to technical impregnation with an antistatic solution. In addition to the luxurious appearance, fabrics have other advantages:

  • Environmental purity;
  • heat and sound insulation properties;
  • do not burn out of ultraviolet;
  • A large roll width allows you to make a seamless finish.

Despite all these qualities, textile wallpapers have the same disadvantages as the ordinary fabric. They absorb smells and moisture, easily dirty and require special skills when sticking. And as any exclusive products, it is quite expensive.

Natural

These include all varieties, the top layer of which is made of natural materials: cork, veneer, bamboo, jute, reed. They are applied to the basis of paper or phlizelin. They are protected from dust with special impregnation. In addition to the exquisite appearance, they have other advantages:

  • Fully eco-friendly;
  • Create a special comfort in the interior due to its naturalness;
  • Pleasant to the touch.

The minuses include instability to moisture and the light and the complexity of the gluing process. All these factors, along with a high price, lead to the fact that natural wallpapers are usually used to zoning the room or creating an accent wall.

Glass equipment

Paper base covered with fiberglass. Since it consists of natural components (quartz, soda, limestone, dolomite, starch), then this type refers to environmentally friendly. They are often used in new buildings, because They do not rush in the places of cracks when shrinking the structure. The indisputable pluses of glasses are:

  • high strength and long service life;
  • good resistance to humidity (suitable for bathrooms);
  • You can wash and clean;
  • Fire properties - they do not burn and do not distinguish harmful substances;
  • The ability to repaint in another color (up to 20 times).

Of the disadvantages, it is possible to name only the limitations of the pattern of invoice: weave jacquard patterns, Christmas trees, rhombuses or parquet.

Photo wallpaper

Present an image applied to paper, fliesline or vinyl. You can choose from the finished options, or order print photos from your collection. The advantages of this type:

  • add the interior of depth and space;
  • serve for a long time;
  • Do not burn out in the sun.

The conditional disadvantages include the painstopping of gluing and high demand quality requirements - it must be as smooth as possible.

Metal

Relatively new finish method. A thin layer of aluminum foil is applied on a paper or fliesline base or a metal particles are sprayed. Golden, silver or bronze glitter will add elegance interior. In addition to external beauty, they are characterized by practical properties:

  • easily cleaned;
  • do not fade and do not fade;
  • absorb noise;
  • have resistant to abrasion.

As any new, metallized have a high price. In addition, they require a perfectly smooth blending surface.

Types of wallpaper and their characteristics, selection features

Wallpaper is the building material that can be found in a residential, and in a non-residential room. Wallpaper glued wealthy and less secured people, residents of country houses and owners of urban square meters. Therefore, it is very important to navigate in this form of products. We will try to figure it out in detail in this matter.

Views

Paper

Perfect for technical premises and rooms with minimal design requirements. In its value They are cheaper than analogs, as made from cheap raw materials - paper . There are single-layer and two-layer, smooth or rough.

In addition to low cost, you can also note the environmentally safe composition. Due to which they can be glued even in kindergartens. Under them is not formed mold and easily stick them.

They have significant drawbacks. These include a short term of use, damage when moisture getting, and this means that they cannot be glued in rooms with high humidity - in bathrooms, kitchens and pools. In addition, paper wallpapers are spoiled under the action of ultraviolet and absorb foreign smells.

Fliselinovye

There are cellulose and various fibers in their composition. This composition gives the product high strength, moisture resistance, environmental safety. They, like paper wallpaper, can "breathe", and this means that mold will not be formed under them. Fliselinova wallpaper hide the irregularities of surfaces To stick them, it is enough to apply glue only on the wall or ceiling, the rolls themselves are not necessary.

Vinyl

Such wallpapers are produced either from cellulose or from phlizelin. The top layer of such wallpapers consists of foamed vinyl, so that they can be used under painting. Wallpaper can be smooth, with a certain relief, including with silk screen.

Pluses of vinyl wallpaper can be called Moisture resistance - they can be easily glued in the bathrooms and in the kitchens. If they are contaminated, they can be washed with an ordinary cloth with a soap solution. Vinyl has resistance to ultraviolet, therefore, under the action of sunlight, such wallpapers do not ship. Minor irregularities can not even plaster - the relief wallpapers all disguise themselves. Modern models can be repainted nine or more times.

But Vinyl is a type of plastic, so such coatings do not "breathe." Such wallpapers are undesirable to glue in children's and bedrooms, they are best suited to the hall and in the corridor.

Acrylic

These wallpapers are less popular, their top layer consists of acrylic, so they can pass the air. By themselves, they are thin, fragile and, unfortunately, short-lived.

Natural

For expensive interiors, designers recommend choosing natural wallpaper. As a rule, they are produced on the basis of paper or phlizelin, and the upper layer is made of bamboo, straw or cane. In special cases, jute, cork or algae use.

Remember that if wallpapers have a paper base, the glue is applied to the wallpaper themselves, and if the phlizelin is on the wall. When gluing heavy wallpapers, glue is applied to the walls, and on the cut wall strips.

Wallpaper from natural materials, in addition to being environmentally friendly, also create an exclusive interior. For durability, natural wallpapers are covered with special compositions.

Natural wallpapers and their cons - Fear of moisture, undemocratic value, damage under the action of ultraviolet. The stilt process is imperative, seams and joints can be formed, which are noticed even from afar. Critting for such wallpaper is made only with dry napkins and vacuum cleaners.

Glass equipment

In high strength, wallpaper of fiberglass possess. They are made by weaving method, there are glassonity in their composition - environmentally friendly material. Often, glass places are found in non-residential premises, because in the future they are painted in the desired color gamut. Moreover Painting can be exercised over ten times . Gymelomes have a service life about forty years. They are not ignited, they are not inhabited by the disputes of mushrooms and various microorganisms. An essential minus is a poor assortment of patterns.

Textile

Textile wallpapers are made of silk, flax or cotton. In rare cases, from jute, velor or synthetic material, while the basis of such wallpaper can be either of the paper or from flieslin. At the stage of manufacturing, wobbly rolls are treated with special means against antistatic electricity and mold.

The advantages of textile wallpapers can be called Ecaw security, ultraviolet resistance, noise-canceling properties, as well as thermal insulation. Everything else such wallpapers are adding any interior. Wide wallpaper allows you to reduce or get rid of the joints and seams at all. The minuses are a high price, installation difficulty and inability to repel dust, dirt and outsiders.

Metal

Anti-vandal metal wallpaper is easy to clean, resistant to ultraviolet, are perfect for the interior in the style of Hi-Tech. Aluminum foil is a good sound-styling, thanks to which there will be no extraneous noises from the street or entrance. Metal visually expands the space Because reflects the sun rays and artificial lighting. Of the minuses, specialists celebrate high cost and mandatory alignment of the surface sheets of drywall, otherwise the foil is not accumulated.

Liquid

The liquid wallpaper would be more correctly attributed to the decorative plaster, but, unlike the plaster, there are no sands in liquid wallpapers, but paper, dyes and fibers that give the product an attractive look.

Liquid wallpaper must be prepared, because in the construction store they are sold in the form of dry mixes. Since it is not completely wallpaper, After their application, the joints are not formed. The relief is created thanks to special collections. Liquid wallpapers can equal the surface of any walls, they do not remain dust, they are environmentally safe, which means they can be glued even in children's rooms. Remember that they will dry up to two days, their service life is usually equal to eight years. They are not suitable for premises with high humidity.

Photo wallpaper

Wall murals were popular at the end of the last century, but now the fashion does not pass on them. Most often, they can be found in the building managazine in the form of self-adhesive rolls. It is necessary to stick them only on the aligned surface, otherwise the drawing may not coincide.

3D-wallpaper

Volumetric 3D wallpapers are standard, panoramic and fluorescent. Recently, LED wallpaper appeared on the market. The last two varieties, unlike the first, have reflective effects.

Beads

These wallpapers are recommended to stick in the living rooms and in the halls. They are manufactured on the basis of phlizelin or paper, and beads are used as decor.

Wallpapers are environmentally friendly building material, and therefore they do not cause allergies. Easy mounted, and for some rooms I don't even need preparatory work are not a seating for microorganisms and mold, possess soundproofing and insulating properties.

Their choice may be due not only to the financial situation of the buyer, but also the design project, the interior.

Comparison with other types of finishes

Wallpaper It is easy to stick on a pre-aligned and twisted surface. This has a positive effect on the service life of rolled wallpaper. Decorative plaster, unlike wallpaper, can be applied to non-aligned walls, while the cost of mounting flies into a penny and over the decorative plaster will have to be pretty much, and maybe even contact the specialists. But the installation of wallpaper strips forces even inexperienced people.

For laying a parquet board on the walls, the framework will be erected. In some cases, laying of this building material and the ceiling is needed, and here without a special tool - the mill, the screwdriver, the perforator is not to do. The installation will take a large amount of time and strength, while the room will be in dust and in the chips.

Paint, unlike wallpaper, can have a specific difficult odorless smell. By the way, some varieties of paints are not suitable for residential premises. They can cause allergic reactions and attacks of choking. Some paint under the action of moisture and ultraviolet comes into disrepair So, in the future there is another repainting walls.

Main characteristics

Wallpapers for physical properties and signs are ordinary, waterproof and washable. The first group, as a rule, includes cheap representatives of this segment - paper and acrylic. You can care for them only with the help of dry napkins and brushes, any efforts lead to a damage of their appearance.

The surface of the waterproof wallpaper can be cleaned with a wet rag using household chemicals. But it should be remembered that they, as well as ordinary, do not tolerate friction and can break.

Care for washing wallpaper implies the use of rags, brushes and upholstered chemicals, but supels are neutrally related even to aggressive cleaning products. On the labels, this indicator is marked by special icons.

Sunny Light Resistance - Another indicator to pay attention to . If it is planned to be seeding storage rooms or technical premises, where the sun is almost no happening - you can not look at it. But for those rooms where the sun's rays can lead the wallpaper cloths are very important.

It is indicated on the label and such an indicator as the fitting pattern. Most often this refers to the photo wallpapers and wallpaper, where the drawing is divided into sectors. If you do not perform fit, then the rhythm will be broken, it can lead to additional flow.

Special icons are notified about the method of applying glue, and dismantling, and soundproofing properties.

Material

Wallpaper can be produced from natural and unfulfilled components. Natural materials are paper, bamboo, textiles. And the unnatural is fiberglass, vinyl, beads.

To not be repeated, we will stop at some technological features of the production of wall coverings.

Paper

Wallpapers on a paper basis are already used for one decade. These eco-friendly canvases have undergone a number of technological changes during their existence. If in the Soviet years they needed to stick through the newspapers, pre-brewing cluster, then Now they are glued to ordinary wallpaper glue, like acrylic.

Glass

Glass wallpaper is one of the new products in the construction market. As noted earlier, they have a meager drawing - it is a rhombus, a church and a Christmas tree. In office space most often glimmer glitter with grille and diamond. They are produced by weaving. Glass threads create various patterns that are attached to the base on special equipment.

Chalk

Chalk wallpaper were invented specifically for drawing. It's no secret to anyone that small children often use wallpaper stripes like an easel. Some types of wallpaper after that it is impossible to lead to the initial species, which means they will have to cross them. But manufacturers went to meet young parents and developed Special wallpapers on which you can draw.

Cretaceous or marker wallpapers are presented in the market as a self-adhesive film. It can be pasted on any surfaces, including furniture or paint and cross in any time, while they do not leave adhesive traces. The surface cleansing occurs with a simple rag, this operation can be made not one thousand times. The size of the canvas is selected according to your needs.

Linker

Linker wallpapers are known to the world for more than a hundred years. A layer of plastics is applied on the paper basis, which is very much reminded by stucco. By the way, the fabric can be used as the basis. Such wallpapers were often stuck in expensive hotels, cafes and residences of kings. Amazing fact that Even a hundred years later, this building material serves as faithful. Thanks to the unique production technology, this is a very durable building material. It is suitable for expensive and luxurious interiors. It can be repainted.

Stretch

Stretching wallpapers are made like stretch ceilings, from PVC film are suture copies, and polyesterol fabric is, respectively, seamless. The service life, as the manufacturers declare, can be several decades. But, unfortunately, this material is easily flammable.

The pros will be attributed to the fact that The base does not need to be primed and putty. They are easy to care for them, they possess good thermal insulating and noise-raising qualities. They are easily mounted lamps.

Texture

Wallpapers in their texture can be divided into several types.

Relief

Such wallpapers, compared to conventional smooth specimens, look more advantageously. These include acrylic, glass windows, linker, vinyl wallpaper and silk screen. They are severe and with medium weight.

Convex

These wallpapers are available on paper, fluiselin and natural basis. May be with a large, medium and small terrain. By the way, the linker refers to a mega-mutual relief.

Embossed

These wallpapers are made by a cold or hot method. Some manufacturers resort to foaming and using stencil.

It doesn't matter what wallpaper - texture or ordinary are chosen, the main thing is to remember that for each type of the wallpaper segment has been developed its glue - for example, heavy wallpapers need to be attached to special glue, otherwise they will not hold on and drank in the first month.

Dimensions

It is believed that standard sizes for domestic rolls are a length of 10 meters, and a width of 50 cm. These indicators may differ slightly both in the large and in a smaller side.

The meter wallpaper used to be used abroad, but now in the domestic market they occupy their niche. We developed them for painting and to reduce the number of seams.

Remember that wide wallpaper is easier to mount together. The length of foreign copies can achieve even 50 meters.

Colors

The main feature of such a building material, as wallpaper, is that they can have different colors and imitate other building materials. So, in particular, wallpapers can imitate bricks. They are perfectly combined with many styles, including Loft, Retro and Hi-Tech.

In the bathroom or in the kitchen it is not necessary to pick up an expensive tile, you can stop your choice on the wallpaper segment, in addition, modern models are not only suitable for any design project, but also have a number of advantages. These include moisture resistance and long service life.

Bright colored coatings look perfectly in children's rooms, pistachio and olive - in the living rooms. Designers recommend silver and mint colors to consider for sleeping rooms, they soothe and clone into sleep.

Accessories

Often, at the end of the repair, there is such an impression that something is missing. For example, the combination of wallpaper was used - the upper part of the wall is passed with one, and the bottom - others. This transition is needed to decorate something. Engineers of the construction market specifically for this incident came up with moldings, corners, borders.

The stucco or plinth ceiling is designed to convert the upper part of the room, this is especially important in those rooms where high ceilings, because sticking the wallpaper strips of such a length for many is challenging task. The joints and slits between the ceiling and the wall perfectly closes the plinth. But remember That a stepladder may need for attachment.

The pad under the circuit breaker is most often used in styles. Loft and retro . It can be made of metal or plastic materials and take various forms. Decorated and sockets. Most often, this is done in the premises where small children are located who may accidentally shove their fingers into the power supply.

Modern technologies do not stand still, and if earlier in the apartment there were only switches, a socket and a radio button, now there is a need for scenery and security alarm sensors, and outlets with an Internet output, and antenna plugs.

Decor

A unique design highlights any room against the rest of the rest. But it is necessary to approach it with a pragmatic look, it must be remembered that some colors and wallpaper types can overshadow the room. For example, black wallpapers, which are often glued in expensive cabinets and youth bedrooms, without proper lighting and furniture with metal or chrome-plated rates - depressing picture.

Monophonic wallpapers are not at all suitable for giving a raisin to the interior, it is more correct to turn their attention to textured, photo wallpaper or on the canvas consisting of two colors.

Remember that the classic will never come out of fashion.

Marble wallpapers can be glued in non-residential premises - in enterprises, in retail outlets. Having a repeating ornament, They visually expand the space. In most cases, there is no need to customize the drawing, which means that wallpaper strips are mounted quickly and high-qualityly by non-specialists.

For walls with uneven surfaces, experts recommend using wallpaper rolls with trees or birds. Such emphasis is able to disguise minor flaws. Most often, they are glued in bedrooms and living rooms.

For the corridor, wallpapers are selected, imitating boards. Such a building material is cheaper than its analogue, it does not need to be processed, it is easy to care for it and easy to assemble. The texture from afar resembles a natural tree, but does not reduce the space. And this is very important in small vessels.

Style and Design

Often, zoning occurs with the help of wallpaper combination. So, for example, you can separate the working area from the dining room in the kitchen or to highlight the wall on which the TV weighs. Thanks to this simple reception, certain tasks are achieved, in particular, focusing on the smaller wall.

Mirrored wallpapers, expanding space, look great in any rooms - both in urban apartments, country houses, and in office centers. If you use them for pasting a small hallway, then You can save on lighting.

Wall mural from a designer point of view can be beat not only a teenage room, but also a living room, where the classic prevails, and modern kitchen in style Hi-Tech.

And wallpaper for concrete will be perfectly combined with a street style.

Buyers all over the world appreciated the volumetric 3D wallpaper. As noted earlier, they can be stereoscopic, fluorescent and holographic. They do not simply transform the room, but also add additional lighting, some of them are lit in the dark. Thanks to which it is possible to implement, for example, a children's room with a night sky.

Decorative sparkles as it can not be suitable for children's rooms in which girls live. This design can be used not only in infancy, but also in adolescence, and therefore you can stick them with an eye for several years - It is very profitable.

How to choose?

It would seem that it could be easier to go and buy wallpaper rolls in an apartment? But as they say, it was not there. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the height of the ceiling, the room in which installation and lighting will be made. It is not necessary to stick the wallpaper strips of black in dark rooms, as well, and a wallpaper with a large pattern in small-sized premises.

The wallpaper canvases can visually expand the space along the length, if they are located horizontally and in height - if vertically. This must be taken into account in non-standard premises. Increasing space wallpapers are not marked This is just a designer find, but it allows you to beat any room.

Single wallpaper beige colors are perfectly suitable for aligned surfaces. For those people who do not want to spend time on the finishing finish, it is best to look at the wallpaper with the pesting patterns or with trees. They allow you to focus on yourself.

It is advisable to know in advance which furniture will stand at home, which decorating inserts and interior features are planned in the future. And already taking into account this pick construction material.

Experts are recommended for premises overlooking the windows to the south, select cold shades, and north are warm. Such a harmonious combination makes it possible to balance the situation in which the surplus of sunlight is in some rooms, and in others - disadvantage.

For kitchens you can choose bright colors - red, yellow, orange. For bedrooms - pastel, and for bathrooms - blue or blue. There are no special restrictions for living rooms and for corridors.

Moisture-resistant wallpaper canvases preferably buy for rooms with high humidity - for bathrooms and kitchens. Chalk wallpaper - for children. "Breathable" flieslinic are perfectly suitable for halls and bedrooms, they are not contraindicated allergic.

Fabric and glass walls can be used in small rooms and cabinets. Natural wallpapers are easy to dump. Remember that they are very difficult to care for them. Liquid wallpapers are well idle on uneven walls, as they are decorative plaster, which means that they can align the surface.

Taking into account the fact that wallpaper is usually glued for five years, for the purpose of saving, follow the varieties that are suitable for painting. They can be retended to ten or more times.

The best world and domestic manufacturers produce a huge number of all kinds of collections, and if they are well oriented in this matter, then you can pick up good copies at bargain prices. After all, it's no secret that as soon as a novelty appears on the market, the previous collections are losing in price. If you do not chase the new items, but consider only high-quality materials, then this repair will not fly into a penny.

Tips for choosing wallpapers, see the next video.

Famous manufacturers

In most building stores, you can find wallpapers produced in the countries of the former Soviet Union. Russia is presented in ranking companies "Palette", "Saratov Wallpaper" and "Moscow Oboh Factory". The experienced experience, the best European technology and savings on logistics allowed these manufacturers to gain themselves at the top of the rating.

Ukrainian and Belarusian manufacturers are celebrated by the same pluses. Among the leaders can mark the company "Versailles", "Gomeloboi" and "Slavic Wallpaper". These firms produce a huge number of all sorts of collections on the phliselin and paper basis. Like many enterprises of the former USSR, they had to be replicated in the 90s of the last century, but the peak of the recession was passed, and today they occupy their laid place in the ranking.

American manufacturers are known worldwide, they produce technological novelties due to the fact that they are fruitful cooperating with the countries of the European and Asian market. Such an involvement in all segments of the market allows them to offer to the court of buyers every year new collections not only in their market, but also on the world.

Belgium in the ranking occupies a special place. The thing is that Belgian manufacturers make the focus on strength, environmental safety and on high quality of their products. At the same time, their products have a democratic value, which even taking into account all logistics operations and cheating remains quite attractive.

In Belgium, several manufacturers plants, each of which exports its products to other countries. Among such manufacturers, "old people" are allocated - Bekaert Textiles, HokeDonWalls and Decoprint N. V. From "youth" can be noted Calcutta and khroma. - They are presented on the market not only with wallpaper on the flieslinic and paper basis, but also by natural coatings.

Korean, Japanese and Chinese manufacturers produce not only the cloth of eastern themes, but also the European collection. Thanks to this approach, they combine low cost and high quality. It is worth noting the fact that it is the Korean manufacturers that conquer the world and domestic market. Among such manufacturers can be allocated LG, ARTDECO and SHINHAN.

By the way, these manufacturers are known in their country not the first decade, so they have developed a certain experience and knowledge they embody in new collections. This is confirmed by numerous reviews of satisfied buyers who speak a lot of good words in their defense.

Japan, Germany, Belgium, United States of America and South Korea over the past decades have released a huge number of collections that are perfectly combined with the style of minimalism, Hi-Tech, Retro, Provence. This list can be continued infinitely. But it is worth saying that domestic manufacturers, interacting with world leaders in the wallpaper segment, were able to achieve unprecedented heights and rightly occupy their position in the ranking.

Beautiful examples and options in the interior

Stylish wallpaper looks perfectly even in a studio apartment and studio apartments. They allow you to zonify the working area, while highlighting a dining area or living room.

It looks great in the interior fabric wallpaper, their luxurious appearance is suitable for bedrooms not only in country cottages, but also in urban apartments.

In the children's room, you can stick with a chalk wallpaper or with dandelions, with machines - depending on the floor of the child.

Remember that on chalk self-keys can be drawing several thousand times. They are easy to care for an ordinary cloth.

Gorgeous black wallpapers will be perfectly combined with a large number of lamps and light furniture.

For youth rooms, experts recommend sticking photos. They are easy to find in construction stores or order in special firms.

Moreover, the drawing can be any - at least with the Eiffel Tower, Kremlin or a white house.


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