Causes of dry cough
The causes causing cough can be divided into two large groups:
1. Most frequent
- viral infections (flu, colds);
- Bacterial infections (cough, tuberculosis, as well as pneumonia and other inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system);
- allergic reactions;
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD);
- the side effects of certain drugs (beta-adrenoblockers, ACE inhibitors, some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory funds (NSAIDs);
- foreign bodies in respiratory tract;
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD);
- diseases of the cardiovascular system and the thyroid gland;
- Sarcoidosis (inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, which is characterized by the formation of inflammation of inflammation in the lungs and other organs);
- oncological diseases of the respiratory system;
- Relying on the symptoms, the likely cause of cough will help determine our small test.
My cough is COVID-19?
Dry cough is one of the most frequent symptoms of the COVID-19 infection (Fig. 1). Determine on external signs whether the cough is a consequence of coronavirus infection, it is difficult (in this matter you will help you smear from the nasopharynx organs or an express test for antibodies to coronavirus, which are performed in medical institutions). However, COVID-19 infection can be assumed if the following symptoms are present:
- weakness and high fatigue;
- increasing body temperature;
- loss of taste and smell;
- rash at different parts of the body.
When discovering the above symptoms, it is recommended not to engage in self-medication, but to consult a doctor.
Dry cough in adults
May have different characteristics and combine with different symptoms depending on the cause and features of the disease. Let's look at the main varieties of dry cough with which you may encounter.
Cough without temperature
It is usually a sign of the abnormal nature of the disease - with a greater probability it will be an allergic cough, bronchial asthma, cough arising from smoking or accompanying diseases of other organs and systems. The cough of infectious nature usually passes together with the main disease (delivering the body from the corresponding bacterium or the virus), therefore it lasts long. But the cough without a temperature is more often chronic and therefore can last years before eliminating the main reason.
Most often has an acute course and is a consequence of inflammation - diseases of the ENT organs (pharyngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, etc.) or irritation of the cough center (Poklush). The attacks may proceed relatively easily in the case of inflammation of the respiratory organs caused by viral and bacterial infections, when the receptors of the mucous membrane are irritated. Cocal, on the contrary, it is famous for long and painful cough attacks right up to short-term respiratory stops. Such cough can take place for weeks or even months. In children, the symptom is usually more pronounced than adults (video 1).
Video 1. Cocktle cough with reprises - whistling breaths between the attacks.
Permanent (long) cough
It has chronic current. Most often flows at no temperature and is a consequence of chronic irritation of the mucous membranes. May accompany diseases of other organs and systems (GERD, chronic heart failure), be a side effect on the reception of certain drugs or an allergic reaction to a certain allergen. Unlike acute cough caused by infectious agents, almost never passes himself. To do this, find and eliminate the main reason.
Watching cough is a dry cough, which can persist from 3 weeks to 2 months after transferring viral disease. It goes by itself and does not require any specific treatment.
Strong pain when coughing
Are a serious symptom. Why can in principle arise pain? In some cases, the constant strong cough causes overvoltage of the chest muscles, and muscle pain occurs. It is non-hazardous and equivalent to muscle pain after intensive workout. However, often pain in the chest can be a sign of pneumonia - lung inflammation. It has certain characteristics and most often:
- does not depend on movements and change position;
- May occur anywhere in the chest: behind the sternum, under the blades, on the side surfaces.
Despite the fact that when inflammation of the lungs in the chest is usually combined with a number of other symptoms, if any pain occurs, it costs to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Night dry cough
If you suffer from dry cough, then, most likely, noticed that at night the symptoms are enhanced. In addition, the cough can disturb exclusively at night. This happens for several reasons:
- Due to the long horizontal position of the mucus, accumulating in the nasophake, flows along the rear wall of the respiratory tract, causing cough reflex.
- At night, during a long time, a person is indoors without a fracture of fresh, moistened air. This contributes to the dryness of the mucously of the respiratory tract, making it susceptible to any stimuli.
- In mattresses, blankets and, especially, the pillows can accumulate a large amount of dust that you breathe during sleep. Dust irritates a dry mucous membrane, causing cough.
All these factors can cause a night cough, both themselves, so aggravate the existing symptoms (cough caused by viral disease, asthma, HARB symptoms, etc.). In most cases, they can be eliminated, regularly changing bed linen and sleep objects, as well as moistening air indoors.
Dry suffocating cough
The causes of the suffocating cough can be both infections (for example, cough) and allergic diseases, bronchial asthma, the ingress of foreign bodies into the respiratory tract, etc. The sensation of stroke during dry cough is most often associated with spasm and a narrowing of the breathing pathways, as well as redundant irritation of the mucous respiratory tract by bacteria or viruses.
Dry cough in children
Since the immunity of children is still in the formation process, then children often sick respiratory infections. While the organism of an adult can already protect itself from a virus or bacteria, a child is ill, and one of the most frequent manifestations of the disease is cough. Dry cough in children rarely serves as a sign of a serious or chronic disease, and usually passes along with infection or within a few weeks after it.
When should you consult a doctor?
Despite the fact that the cough is a protective reaction of the body, it helps to purify the respiratory tract from infections and in most cases is not a reason for excessive concern, when attaching certain symptoms, it is still recommended to consult a doctor.
Among these symptoms:
- gravity, pain in the chest;
- severe weakness;
- long fever or fever with high numbers;
- loss of appetite;
- Hand and leg edema.
How to treat dry cough
The choice of the drug depends on the cause that caused the cough in the patient. Often cough becomes a consequence of viral diseases passing without any specific treatment. In this case, our task is available to facilitate the symptoms - moisturize the mucousness of the respiratory tract, improve the destruction of sputum, etc.
When the cough is caused by another chronic disease or allergies, it is necessary to prescribe a general disease treatment. At the same time, drugs that make it easier for symptoms and make the patient's life more comfortable, do not become less relevant.
Tools against dry exhaust cough
These are tools that overwhelm the cough reflex and soothing irritated receptors in the throat. Applied with a painful, painful, borter dry cough, at which the sputum does not leave. Among these drugs are most popular, such as butamirate, Givephenesin and their combinations, pronoxdiazine, etc. Also are also used vegetable syrups, teas, mentholic pasteings.
If the cough does not have an oven, parry, and there is a slight impact of sputum or it is very viscous, expectorant drugs are prescribed, improving sputum of sputum. This group includes drug-based drugs: thermopsis, altea, licorice, vibrations, hypyakuan, fennel, richness, mint, thermal hydrate, etc.
In the presence of thick, viscous sputum is preferable to the purpose of combined preparations. They have a double action: contribute to the release of sputum and dilute it, improving its exit.
Can non-pressed cough preparations harm health?
Many cough preparations are sold without a doctor's prescription, but this does not mean that they can be taken as and ever. To ensure that the drug does not harm you, and vice versa - helped to recover quickly, follow the following rules:
- Before use, carefully read the instructions;
- Take the drug only if you have the symptoms indicated in the testimony to use;
- Carefully calculate the dose of the drug according to the recommendations specified in the instructions;
- Keep the drug in the package, not to forget about the expiration date;
- Keep preparations in a cold, dark, inaccessible to children.
- Do not appoint independently the treatment of young children (up to 3 years old) without consulting a doctor;
- Do not give children medications that have aspirin - this is fraught with serious complications;
- And most importantly: when any disturbing symptoms occur, as well as rash and other adverse reactions to the drug immediately, stop receiving it and consult a doctor.
Home Treatment: Folk Methods
The main goal to facilitate cough symptoms is to mitigate the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. This makes receptors less sensitive to external factors. You can achieve this in several ways (and better by all at once): humidifying air and eliminating dust indoors, heavy warm drink, taking softening drinks and preparations (cough and cough). Also, for the overall maintenance of the body's protective forces, vitamins and probiotics are recommended.
How to alleviate dry cough?
Use the air humidifier.
- Dry air, especially in winter in heated rooms, contributes to dryness of the mucous membrane, which aggravates the cough symptoms. With strong barking barks, you can also take a warm shower (but only if you have no temperature).
- Drink warm drinks and observe the balance of the liquid.
- This contributes to the removal of toxins from the body and the speedy recovery, and also helps to keep a moistened rotoglot.
- Take lollipops from cough. They contain menthol and have a cooling and soothing effect.
- Take herbal fees (licorice root, mint, chamber, etc.).
- Many herbs have an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effect, strengthen the immunity and soothes the inflamed mucous membrane, making it less susceptible to the environment.
- Honey is a natural anti-inflammatory agent. Add a teaspoon to tea or a glass of warm water, and you will speed up the recovery process. Especially useful honey maunuki containing a high concentration of methylglyoxaly with antibacterial properties.
- Take vitamins and probiotics under the control of the doctor.
- This will support the natural protective forces of the body. Various vitamins affect various biochemical processes, so the complex effect is recommended for the reception of polyvitamins, their balanced composition will ensure your body with sufficient concentration of the necessary substances. However, it is also possible to start with vitamin C is a powerful immunomodulator that helps the body to deal with the disease.
- Probiotics are involved in creating their own microflora organism, creating healthy competition to foreign bacteria and playing an important role in maintaining immunity.
- Rinse the throat with salt water.
- Add ½ tsp Salts in a glass of warm water and cozy the throat for 30 seconds. This will help relieve inflammation.
- Bromelain is a natural enzyme discovered in pineapple. It has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, and even some flucolytic effect. You can get a small dose of Bromelain, drinking a glass of pineapple juice. However, there are biological additives containing a large dose of bromelain to create an effective concentration.
In the absence of adequate treatment, dry cough can go into chronic and represent some health threat. The cough causes a high pressure force on the respiratory tract, which leads to the development of bronchiectasis, lung emphysema. Inflammatory phenomena, if available, over time will progress, exacerbating fibrosis of the pulmonary fabric.
In addition, with a long cough can be observed:
- Increased fatigue
- Muscle pain in the chest,
- Waspness of voice ligaments.
To prevent the development of complications, it is necessary to begin treatment in time.
Prevention of dry cough is, first of all, the prevention of respiratory infections. This includes both a lining procedure (moderate physical exertion, balanced nutrition, preventive reception of vitamin and mineral complexes) and vaccination: mandatory vaccination of children from cough and pneumococcal infection, annual vaccination of children and adults from influenza.
In addition, it is necessary to constantly maintain the purity and humidity of the air in the home premises: regularly use an air humidifier, change linens at least 1 time per week, give preference to pillows and blankets with artificial filler - dust does not accumulate in them.
Regular surveys and observation at the attending physician will help to detect diseases of various organs and systems at the initial stage, and even prevent them at all, thereby preventing the development of complications.
Dry cough is most often a symptom of sharp respiratory diseases or complication of other diseases, manifestation of allergic reactions. In the absence of complications, dry cough can be treated at home with the help of non-delicate drugs - expectorant and mucolithics - and home remedies. The prevention of dry cough involves the prevention of ARVI (including seasonal), humidification of air indoors and maintaining water balance and common protective forces of the body.
Many painful states begin with such a sign like a dry cough. Therefore, starting to treat, most people are first trying to get rid of the cough - that is, from the most docked symptom. In addition to pharmacy medicines, there are folk remedies from dry cough - in their effect they are not inferior, and sometimes exceed ordinary pharmaceutical preparations.
How to cure a dry cough by folk remedies quickly?
Before you begin to folk remedies, it is necessary to determine the root cause of dry cough. Episodes of dry cough never arise by themselves: usually this is an internal signal of the body that it is not all right.
In no situation, it is impossible to try to suppress a dry cough. If you wish to quickly cope with the problem, then your task is to eliminate the cause of cough, facilitate the release and removal of sputum - that is, "translate" the cough from the condition of dry into a state of wet, or productive cough.
To fulfill the first point of the task, namely, to determine the root cause of dry cough, you need to know what causes can we talk about. So, dry cough is able to appear:
- in diseases of the respiratory system (bronchitis, tracheites, laryngitis, inflammation of the lungs, asthma, cough);
- when receiving certain medicines (for example, a side reaction to some antihypertensive agents);
- in smokers, including passive smokers (when irritating the respiratory organs with tobacco smoke);
- with allergies on flavors, dust or pollen, food or medicines;
- with severe stress, stormy emotions (as a peculiarity of the human nervous warehouse);
- With the dehydration of the body (for example, with a long-term fever, with strict "dry" diets, etc.).
Only after the reason was determined, you can start the selection of folk remedies from dry cough.
Among other things, regardless of the root cause of cough, it is necessary to ensure the following conditions, while observing the dry cough subsides faster.
- It is necessary to trace so that the air indoors is always fresh and wet. To do this, it should often open the vents for airing, as well as moisturize air (for example, using a special moisturizer) so that humidity indicators are from 50 to 70%.
- It is necessary to drink more liquid - for example, a warm infusion or just water with lemon. Such a reception will help not only eliminate dehydration, but also prevent the sputum of sputum in the lumen of the bronchi.
- It is advisable for dry cough to observe the bed regime - if it's cold outside, the inhalation of cool air will only aggravate the situation with dry cough, and all national treatment will go to the pump.
- To improve the removal of sputum with dry cough, massage is useful: you can ask for friends to spend a couple of peculiar massage of the chest. This will significantly speed up recovery.
If the causal factor of dry cough was allergic or medicines, then it is necessary to stop contacts with potentially allergenic substances or stop using medicines that caused cough. If this step is ignored, further treatment will be inappropriate.
READ ALSO: Inhalation from dry cough to a child and an adult: Is it possible to do what, recipes
Folk remedies from dry cough adults
Popper-healers offer many different means from dry cough, which are suitable for both children and even old men. However, there are a number of recipes suitable for adults only. For example, such recipes include alcohol-based funds, or based on ginger root or radish.
- Take 200 g of powdered sugar and 1 tsp. Powder ginger root. Mass are poured with a small amount of water (so that the powder is not burned) and send on a small fire. The mass is boosted to the state of thick caramel, which is used by ½ h. Three times a day between the federation of food.
- Take black radish, purified from peel and cut with thin plates, which are then pecking with sugar and poured with honey. Mass leave overnight so that the root plant "put juice". This juice drink 1 tbsp. l. Every 1-1.5 hours. To use this tool for a similar cure of a dry cough in children, it should be applied instead of black radish ordinary. Dose for children - 1 tbsp. l. Three times a day.
- Cleans the radish from the peel, cut into a small cube, poured with liquid honey and the same volume of brandy. Hold up at least two hours. Next, juice is drained and consumed according to 1 tbsp. l. Up to seven times per day, after meals.
Black radish, honey and ginger root are considered the most most popular folk remedies for colds, inflammatory process in the bronchial tree and from dry cough. And if the listed products are combined together, you can get a speedy and stable therapeutic effect.
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Folk remedies from dry cough in children
Healing a dry cough near the baby in one day is unlikely to succeed. However, the connection of folk remedies will definitely help speed up recovery - especially if folk drugs are accepted against the background of drug treatment prescribed by the pediatrician.
- To accelerate the release and withdrawal of sputum during dry cough, Borjomi water is used (or other alkaline water) and homemade milk. Take two parts of heated milk and one part of the water, as well as half a teaspoon of butter. Give the resulting tool to the child, 2 tbsp. l. every hour. Mineral water can be replaced with such a solution: mix 200 ml of milk, ¼ h. L. Food soda and 1 tsp. Honey. The child should drink such a solution of 1/3 cups up to 8 times a day.
- Useful with a dry cough to eat kid by compote from cherry, grapes and currant with honey. If there is an opportunity, compote can be replaced with fresh juice berries. Juice give the baby to 1 tbsp. l., diluted in 100 ml of warm water, no less often than once every two hours.
- In order to facilitate the transformation of a dry cough into a wet, advise the use of lingonberry juice together with honey. The resulting mixture of child can be used in 1 tbsp. l. 5 times a day. Additionally, it is recommended to drink strawberry tea during the day.
To many children, such a recipe: 200 ml of milk and add three pieces of dried figs or ditch to it. They boil on a small fire for fifteen minutes, after which they are removed from the fire and give a child in warm form 2-3 times a day at 100-200 ml after meals and at night, as well as with an episodic dry cough.
Effective folk remedies for dry cough
Successful folk remedies from dry cough are often consisting of a mixture of medicinal herbs: these can be teas and decoctions, or complex herbal mixtures. If the dry cough bothers not a joke, then you can try to be treated with the following recipes.
- Take 2-3 tbsp. l. such plants like the deer, the color of elderberry and coltsfoot. The dry farming is brewed in 500 ml of boiling water and insist 20-40 minutes. The resulting agent is drunk with a dry cough of 50-100 ml four times a day before meals.
- Brew 1 tbsp. l. The hammer rhizoma of licorice in 250 ml of boiling water, insist no less than 2 hours. The infusion is filtered and drinking with warm 50 ml to 5 times a day, before taking food.
- Brewed in a half-liter thermos 2 tbsp. l. tricolor violet, insist overnight. In the morning, the medicine is filled and used with dry cough 4-5 times a day between meals in 100 ml.
- Prepare from the equilibrium parts of such plants, like Air, Altech, licorice, korovyan, mother-and-stepmother, thermopsis and anise grains. Insist 1 tbsp. l. Collection of 500 ml of boiling water, after which it is used 100 ml every 2-4 hours.
An excellent anti-kiss and expectorant effect is obtained after eating the index of the plantain - this infusion can be used and children with dry cough. No wonder the plantain syrup is recommended for the treatment of dry cough in children: this plant has strong expectorant and enveloping effect on respiratory organs.
READ ALSO: Dry cough syrups: instructions for use
Folk remedies from strong dry cough
With a strong dry cough, folk healers recommend applying compresses with a warming effect. Thermal procedures are most useful if the cough is "deep", darling.
Heat with a dry cough is applied to the front surface of the chest or to the back, without affecting the zone of the heart projection. No less useful to warm his feet, namely the feet.
The compress is recommended to hold at least 2 hours or until its cooling. After removal of the compress, the skin must be wiped with a warm towel and to bite the patient well.
We offer the following thermal folk remedies from dry cough:
- Heated with water bath equal parts of vegetable oil, honey and alcohol. Wash the tissue napkin in the resulting mixture and applied under compress.
- Boil potatoes in the peel, knead it to the brush. The segment of the fabric is put on the chest, to which boiled potatoes lay out. Top covers with another cloth and cellophane, covered with a towel or warm shawl.
- Mix liquid honey, mustard powder and stack of brandy. In the mixture smear the fabric and applied to the chest.
- Putting up in cotton socks powder mustard, put on top of them additionally apply knitted wool socks - so sleep until morning. Outwar legs should be rinsed with warm water.
Folk remedies from dry cough no temperature
As we have spoken above, dry cough is not always a sign of a cold or respiratory disease. Often, allergic reactions become the cause - for example, dust or household chemicals. Such a dry cough is usually not accompanied by an increase in temperature or other features that are usually accompanied by an ARZ or bronchitis.
If the dry cough is resistant, painful, and sputum is either not at all, or it is viscous and practically not cleared, such folk remedies can come to the rescue:
- 1 medium onions are crushed, boiled in 200 ml of milk, cool and drink twice (for example, in the morning and at night).
- Five bulbs are crushed, poured with 4 glasses of water, bring to a boil. Cool to a warm state, add 5 tbsp. l. Lime honey. Take the drug for 1 tbsp. l. up to 4 times a day.
- Daily drink warm fresh celery juice, 1-2 tbsp. l. Several times a day.
- Preparing an equivalent mixture of dessert red wine (well use korger), liquid honey and juice from the lower leaves of aloe. The mixture is retained in a cool place. Use 1 tbsp. l. 5-6 times a day.
In addition, when dry cough attacks, it is recommended to drink more - it does not matter whether it will be common warm water, or herbal tea, or morse. The saturation of the body moisture will have a persistent effect: this will allow wetterous to produce faster and easier to be output.
Healers, advising those or other folk remedies from dry cough, urge not to forget about the overall strengthening of immunity. The disease will retreat faster if carrots, beets, garden greens, citruses will be present in the diet of the patient.
Did you know that cough is an important and necessary function of the body? After all, cough is a natural reflex, with the help of which the rotogling, and the tracheobronchial tree, and the lungs themselves are cleaned. And it is often necessary to defend themselves - from dust and smoke, from irritating food, from randomly falling foreign bodies, from accumulating secrets of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract. It is very important that this maneuver can use the body without a delay.
According to the statistics of visits in the clinic, at the reception at the therapist and pediatrician, the most common complaint - on cough, and the most hot desire for patients who came to the reception - so that the doctor "listened" to the lungs and bronchi. This is due to the fact that whatever we have been hardened, we constantly overtake seasonal viral diseases that are almost always manifested by a runny nose, sore throat and cough.
With a conventional viral cold, the cough is most often dry, adsatory. It is caused by either a flow of separated nasal sinuses along the rear wall of the pharynx, the so-called postnasal chapels, or by replication (introduction) of viral structures into the mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchi.
See also: How to treat cough
Since the mucule is irritated when coughing, it is enhanced, thereby the vicious circle is formed: the cough enhances irritation, and the irritation enhances the cough. However, with the correct understanding of the nature of the cough symptom, it is possible to help yourself and close this unpleasant period.
5 receptions stop dry cough:
- Moisturize nasal mucosa and larynx using sprays with sea water and warm sparing drink.
- At the time of the start of the bias, the cough delay the breath and start counting, for example, to 5, and only then allow themselves to flip off.
- You can still smooth out saliva or drink water with very small sips, if you do not want to "harm" for a long time.
- When the throat in the throat helps the resorption of lollipops with menthol.
- You can distract your child, offering something interesting at the time of coughing.
What is harmful to do if the dry cough is worried:
- Smoking. At this time, smoking even more harmful than usual. Smoking people are recommended to use their painful state and forever throw a bad habit.
- Supercool. And also overload the body with work and sports. This may cause complications due to the attachment of a bacterial infection.
- Take mercolitics. These are medicines and tinkers, growing the production of sputum with a dry cough. It is completely no need to stimulate the work of glassworm cells producing mucus, this is an excessive load for the body, especially since there is data on transamination (distribution) viruses in the shell and tissue in this process.
- Drink antibitals. It is ineffective and even dangerous to take such potent drugs as antibiotics if there is no indisputable evidence of the bacterial nature of cough. Preventive intake of antibiotics is also inappropriate, it's like to wear a hat and a scarf in the summer so as not to frozen in winter.
With a satisfactory overall condition of the patient, dry cough does not require treatment neither by antibiotics or means of increasing sputum generation. However, at the beginning of the ARVI Disease, accompanied by a dry cough, it is appropriate to discuss with the attending physician the possibility of receiving antitussive drugs of central action that affect the cough center in the brain, in order to normalize the rest and sleeping a child or an adult.
On the eve of holidays with my own patients, there was an extremely unpleasant situation: Mom sought to cure his four-year-old daughter from cough, that instead of the New Year's Eve, the girl was in the hospital with pneumonia. And the reason for this was Mine Fear of the usual cold cough.
The woman did not regret money by buying a medicine for a child and inhalation to enhance wet wet, seeking to translate a dry cough into wet. At the same time, an alarming mother simultaneously began to give funds blocking cough syndrome. The sputum, stiguously released after syrups and inhalation, could not be removed from the body, since other drugs suppressed cough. As a result, conditions were created for the development of pneumonia, fortunately successfully cured in the hospital.
Fear of this mother is understandable and very common, because the coupling person causes the most stormy emotions in those who are near. This is sympathy, and irritation, and even dishes, especially from random travelers in transport. However, the woman very much hurt her daughter, trying to treat cough without observing the doctor.
All antitussive drugs are divided into "for coughing" and "from cough". The preparations "for cough" include musolics that dilute sputum, and expectorant means, which make it easier to eliminate sputum.
And the medications "from cough", they are also called antitussive, possess the opposite effect and suppress the cough reflex directly in the brain.
Both groups of drugs may contain as part of not only chemicals, but also vegetable components.
The most important thing - Preparations "for cough" and "from cough" never apply at the same time!
When to doctor?
If, against the background of a general satisfactory condition, the cough does not pass within 5-7 days, you should consult with a doctor who will most likely prescribe a general blood test and other surveys to eliminate serious pathology.
Now there is a tendency to a long period of cough after a viral disease, sometimes it lasts up to 8 weeks. However, if there are no blood impurities or pus in sputum, elevated body temperature longer than 5 days, deviations in laboratory tests of blood and sputum, as well as changes in radiological examination of the chest organs, it is necessary to comply with calm and patiently wait for a safe permission to resolve the process.
Urgently to the doctor: if one of the listed is present, then a speedy and thorough inspection of an experienced therapist or pediatrician is required.
So be healthy and respect the cough reflex so that it is easy to get rid of all unnecessary in the respiratory tract.
We give a few names of popular funds from dry cough, depending on the action provided by them:
- Expectorant with dry cough: "Mukaltin", "Pertissin", "Dr. Mom", licorice syrups and altea, "Prospan", pills with thermopsis, etc.
- Funds from dry-old cough: "Synecode", "Omnitus", "Liebeksin", etc.
- Mulitics with dry cough: "ACC", "Lazolyvan", "Ambroxol", "Bromgexin", "Fluedandex" and others.
Recently, many effective preparations from dry cough with a combined effect appeared. Thus, for example, the drug "Codelak" and "Stoptussin" is distinguished by antitussive and expectorant effect, and the homeopathic medicine "Stodal", as well as the vegetative preparation "Linkas", provides at the same time a mercolytic and expectorant effect.
The only thing that can not be combined in medications from cough, so it is an antitussive and muscolite effect, because it will lead in the blockage of bronchi mocroid and asphyxia. After all, mucolyts are not able to directly contribute to the restraint of the bronchi, which means that the liquid sputum, which is indifferent to which direction to move, will accumulate in bronchi and lungs, leaving less air space.
By the way, antitussive preparations with a specific effect should not be used and together with expectorant means that increase the amount of sputum released and can block bronchi. Another thing is the combined drugs in which the antitussive effect is compensated by expectorant.
Funds from dry cough usually have 2 forms of release. These are tablets (or granules) and syrup. The latter are most often used to treat children, because a small child is not yet able to swallow pills. In addition, the sweet taste and attractive smell of many cough syrup makes their reception enjoyable for a child who sees a delicacy in the medicine. Syrups can be assigned in the event that an adult patient may not even want to take tablets for some reasons.
Multic agents The pharmaceutical industry began to produce and in the form of solutions used for inhalations, which are recommended to do with the special apparatus - nebulizer.
Assigning various types and shapes of cough preparations, the doctor takes into account not only the cause of dry cough, but also the patient's age. For example, children up to a year who have a cough reflex have not yet been developed, it makes no sense to prescribe mercolics. The most effective in this case will be preparations with combined antitussive and expectorant effect.
Children from 1 year, the means from dry cough are prescribed depending on the cause of cough. These can be expectorant products, and muscolics. Anti-tech drugs in pure form are prescribed extremely rarely, and only those that are not characteristic of a narcotic action.
For children under the age of 6 years, syrups are considered to be the preferred form of drugs, but if inhalation treatment is shown, and medicinal solutions with a musolithic effect can be used, which are still more efficient water.
To the appointment of drugs to small children, a pediatrician should treat much care. Synthetic preparations are not recommended without particular necessary. If the child occasionally shakes, it does not mean that he is sick. Just the body is cleaning the bronchi, which is often in the mornings or after active walks.
If there are other symptoms of the disease, then preference should be given to vegetable drugs that have a smaller negative impact on the organs and the kid systems. But here we need caution, because natural ingredients often provoke allergic reactions that may not only be unpleasant, but also dangerous.
But this is all the theory of treating dry cough. Let us return better to drugs that will make it easier to facilitate the painful symptom in practice.
Beneficial preparations with a specific and combined action
Beneficial preparations with a unique (specific) effect do not affect the quantity and characteristics of secrets secreted by bronchi. They only block a protective reflex controlled by a brain, soothing effectively affecting a cough center.
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This is a bright representative of this class of preparations used for coughing. Medicine "Synecode" is characterized by a central action, since it affects directly on the brain, and not on the nervous end.
The question, from which cough "Synecode: dry or wet, does not make sense, since antitussive drugs are used strictly with dry cough without sputum selection, otherwise the preparation can only harm. Appoint the drug doctors can:
- With cough in children,
- To reduce the cough intensity in smokers,
- In order to suppress the cough reflex during the diagnostic studies of the broncho-pulmonary system,
- in preparation for surgical operations,
- When heart cough without sputum formation.
In case of infectious and inflammatory respiratory pathologies, the "Synecode" can be assigned only at the dry cough stage, mainly in the restorative period, less often in the initial stage of the disease (if the cough attacks are too painful, which negatively affects the patient's state).
The drug has 3 forms of release:
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug - Butamirat. The main effect of the drug is to reduce the activity of the cough center, due to which the quantity and quality of cough attacks is noticeably declining, up to their complete disappearance. Additionally, the drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi (armored action), prevents respiratory spasms, improves blood saturation with oxygen, i.e. Facilitates and improves breathing quality.
Pharmacokinetics. The absorption of the active substance occurs in the intestine, and after an hour and a half, its content in the blood reaches the maximum. It does not cummulate in the body. Slowly excreted with urine (half-life reaches 6 hours).
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to its components. Despite the fact that during pregnancy, the use of medication is not prohibited, it is necessary to beware of appointing it the first 3 months.
Some precautions should be observed in the appointment of various forms of the drug, especially in children. For example, the "Synecode" drops can be used from 2 months of age, syrup - from 3 years, and tablets (dragee) - no earlier than from the age of 6.
Syrup "Synecode" from dry cough in its composition has sorbitol, and therefore it cannot be prescribed to patients with hereditary intolerance to fructose.
Side effects. The fact that the drug can be used even in infants speaks of relative drug safety. Usually, children and adults carry the drug well without the appearance of unpleasant symptoms and still in rare cases the following reactions are possible: drowsiness and dizziness (with a decrease in dose disappear), nausea and diarrhea, spindlers, allergic reactions.
In very rare cases, the swelling of the larynx is possible, especially in children. True, the likelihood of such an event is much lower than that of other drugs.
Method of use and dose. It is necessary to immediately say that not only the release form, but the recommended dosage depends on the age of the patient.
"Synecode" child from dry cough can be assigned as:
- drops (from 2 months to a year - 10 drops for 1 reception, from 1 year to 3 years - 15 drops),
- syrup (from 3 to 6 years - 5 ml, from 6 to 12 years - 10 ml, from 12 to 15 years - 15 ml),
- Tablets (from 6 to 15 years old - 1 tablet 2, and from 12 years 3 times a day).
Multiplicity of droplets - 4 times, syrup - 3 times a day.
Synecode from dry cough adolescent over 15 years old and adult can be appointed in any form of release:
- drops - from 25 to 60 drops for 1 reception,
- Syrup - 15 ml every 6 hours, i.e. 4 times a day
- Tablets - 2 dragees (reconstruction multiplicity - 2 or 3 times a day by appointment of a doctor).
Overdose. The drug is not inclined to accumulate in the blood, and its long-term reception does not lead to overdose. But accepted one-time large doses of drugs can lead to the appearance of the following symptoms: lethargy, drowsiness, nausea with bits of vomiting, diarrhea, coordination disorder, drop blood pressure.
Treatment is to wash the stomach and receiving enterosorbents. Salt laxatives and symptomatic therapy are also shown.
Interactions with other drugs. Synecode is allowed to be taken simultaneously with any drugs, except for dry or wet cough with an expectorant or a musolitic effect.
Storage conditions. Store the medicine instruction recommends at a temperature not higher than 30 degrees in native packaging.
Shelf life. Tablets can be stored no more than 5 years from the date of release, drops and syrup - up to 3 years.
Reviews. Most drug reviews are positive. The drug perfectly helps with dry cough. The only drawback, many consider the presence of bitterness even in syrup and drops, but it can be survived. A small percentage of negative reviews is caused by either improper appointment of the drug, or the absence of effect due to the individual characteristics of the body.
The antitussive drug of the central action on the basis of all the same butamirats with minor expectorant and bronchomatic (prevention of the obstruction of the respiratory tract, the same spasmolytic) action. Indications for the use of the drug intersect with the appointments of the preparation "Sinekod". The same can be said about the pharmacological properties and side effects of the "Omnitus" medicine of the dry cough.
Release the medicine in the form of syrup and tablets of different dosages.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with increased sensitivity to its components, as well as during breastfeeding period. Tablets are not recommended to take during pregnancy and kids up to 6 years. Tablets with high dosage (50 ml) are prescribed only to adult patients.
"Omnitus" syrup from dry cough during pregnancy is allowed to use, just starting from 4 months. In childhood it is prescribed to patients from 3 years.
Method of use and dose. The dosage of the drug depends not on pathology, accompanied by a dry cough, and on the age of the patient:
Syrup must be taken: kids up to 6 years old - 10 ml for taking, kids from 6 to 9 years old - 15 ml multiplicity of reception - 3 times a day.
Teenagers older than 9 years old are prescribed 15 ml 4 times in bitch, and adults are 30 ml three times a day.
Tablets "Omnitus" from dry cough can have a dosage of 20 or 50 mg, they must be taken entirely.
The first are prescribed to children from 6 to 12 years old 1 tablet twice a day, adolescents of 12-17 years increase the multiplicity of reception to 3 times a day.
Adults take 2 tablets 20 mg from 2 to 3 times a day or 1 tablet 50 mg 1-2 times a day.
Interaction with other drugs. During the treatment period, the drug must be abandoned from taking alcoholic beverages. Care must be observed by taking medicine along with sleeping pills, neuroleptics, tranquilizers.
Storage conditions. Store the drug manufacturer recommends at a temperature in the range of 15-25 degrees, away from children and sunlight
Shelf life. Syrup is allowed to use for 5 years, tablets - for 2 years.
Reviews. The opinion of buyers about the drug "Omnitus" is as ambiguous, as well as his analogue called "Synecode". For some, he became a rescue from dry cough, and others noted the deterioration of the state instead of the declared transition of cough from dry in wet. Most often, the drug is used to treat children.
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug is a pronoxdiazine, which is not redeemingly acting on the cough center, but on the peripheral organs (reduces the excitation of cough receptors), due to which the cough retreats. In parallel, the drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi and reducing pain in the cough. In the treatment of chronic bronchitis, a noticeable anti-inflammatory effect was noted.
Pharmacokinetics. The medicine has good absorbent properties. Its suction occurs already in the stomach. The maximum concentration in the blood is observed after half an hour after the reception. Displays with feces and partly with urine. Specific action lasts about 4 hours.
Contraindications for use. The antitussive drug is prescribed under hypersensitivity to its constituent and allocating abundant bronchial secretions. In pediatrics, it is used since 3 years due to the fact that it has the only form of release in the form of tablets.
Side effects in the drug "Liebeksin" used from dry cough develop very rarely. It may be dry mucous meal, a drying of the throat, pain in the stomach, which will be bought by meals, constipation, allergic reactions, bronchospasm. In large doses reduces the concentration of attention.
Method of use and dose. The tablet is not recommended strongly grinding in order to avoid feelings of numbness of the mucous membrane. It must be swallowed and put it off with water.
Daily dose for adults - 3-4 tablets. Children give 0.5 tablets 3 or 4 times a day.
Overdose by the drug is not dangerous. It is manifested in lethargy, apathy, fatigue due to a pronounced sedative effect.
Interactions with other drugs. "Liebeksin" can be taken simultaneously with other medicines without worrying about the consequences.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store tablets are recommended in native packaging at room temperatures not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Again, reviews are not happy with your diversity. One drug is suitable, others are disappointed in it. The main advantages of the drug are considered: the absence of addiction, safety of applications in children, a small number of side effects, the possibility of using during pregnancy. Many parents consider this drug the best medicine for the child.
And now we will consider how the complex drugs act, which is surprisingly unifying antitussive and expectorant effect.
Pharmacodynamics. Complex multicomponent drug that is used mainly against dry cough. Contains 4 active ingredients:
- Codeine (analgesic with a narcotic effect, oppressively acts on a coup center, but not on the respiratory function),
- Sodium bicarbonate (changes the acidity of sputum with the side of the decrease in pH, therefore makes it less viscous, plus has a stimulating effect on the epithelium, bringing bronchi, contributing to the removal of mucus)
- licorice root extract (expectorant and antispasmodic)
- The grass of the thermopsis lanceal (excites the breathing center and has an expectorant effect, stimulating the activity of the bronchial glands and the epithelium of the bronchi).
Since the drug is multicomponent, judging about pharmacokinetics is very difficult. It can only be noted that the effect of receiving the drug is observed already after 1 hour and continues for 6 hours.
Contraindications for use. It is impossible to prescribe a medicine for intolerance to at least one of the components, patients with impaired respiratory function and bronchial asthma, as well as those who suffer from chronic alcoholism. Children can be prescribed a drug from 2 years old, and only in extreme cases.
Caution and dose correction is required in severe kidney pathologies, elevated intracranial pressure.
Use during pregnancy and lactation is impossible.
The side effects of the drug are due to the presence in its composition of the narcotic substance (drowsiness, reduction in the concentration of attention and visual acuity, episodes of dizziness and pain in the head) and other components (nausea with bits of vomiting, changing the chair, abdominal pain, dryness of mucous membranes, allergic spindles , angioedema edema).
Method of use and dose. Produced in the form of tablets that can be taken without caring for the interval between meals. Tablets swallow entirely and drove water.
Adult dosage is 2-3 tablets per day (no more than 200 mg), a children's dose establishes a doctor. Treatment with a drug is short. Up to 5 days.
Overdose. The reception of large doses of medication is fraught with the strengthening of side effects, a drop in blood pressure, weakening the pulse, heart rate failures, strong fatigue, a decrease in the tone of the bladder.
Treatment is to wash the stomach and reception of sorbents. Antidote is Naloxon. Symptomatic therapy is also carried out.
Interaction with other drugs. It is forbidden to take the drug together with medications that oppressively operating on the central nervous system, including drugs from allergies and central analgesics.
Chloramphenicol slows down the removal of Codeina than prolongs its action. "Codelak" is similarly acting in relation to heart glycosides.
Antacids and binders reduce the effectiveness of the drug.
"Codelk" from dry cough is not prescribed simultaneously with mercolitics and expectorant means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The medicine is stored at room temperatures for 4 years.
Reviews. Opinions of patients about the drug as a whole positive. It really helps with a bearing cough, making it easier and more productive. But still many confuse the presence of a drug in the medicine. For this reason, mommy is afraid to give him to their kids. Yes, and for the steering wheel in treatment, this drug can not.
On the shelves of pharmacies, you can meet another 2 options described above: "Cocrek Neo" and "Codeus Broncho". "Neo Codelk" with the acting substance Butamirat is prescribed strictly with a dry cough. This is an analogue of the preparations "Synecode" and "Omnicus", which can be calmly treated children from 2 months and adults. Forms of release: drops, syrup, tablets.
"Codelk Neo" from dry cough in children are prescribed mainly in the form of droplets and syrup. Syrup "Codelk Neo" from dry cough has 2 dosages: 100 and 200 ml. The first is enough to treat children under 6 years old (5 ml 3 times a day). The second is used to treat older children, adolescents and adults (from 10 to 15ml 3-4 times a day depending on age).
"Codelk Broncho" is not prescribed at dry cough, because the instructions strictly indicate that it is intended for the treatment of a wet cough with a difficult emotion.
This is a truly synthetic drug with a comprehensive action. This is an antitussive, expectorant and musolitic drug in one person.
Pharmacodynamics. In the composition of the drug we find 2 active ingredients:
- Butamirat - the antitussive component of peripheral acts with a sedative and analgesic effect,
- Givephenesin, which contributes to the discharge and removal of sputum, and also stimulates it to work out it.
The action of both components is compensated, so its reception does not lead to the blockage of bronchi.
Pharmacokinetics. The active ingredients of drugs are quickly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract, their metabolites (active and inactive) are removed mainly by kidney, and only a small part is observed in feces.
Release form. Medicine in pharmacies can be found in the form of tablets or droplets.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to its components, myasthenia, during breastfeeding period. During pregnancy, the drug is allowed, starting from the second trimester.
Children pills are prescribed from 12 years of age, drops - from 6 months.
Side effects. If you take the drug in recommended doses, the likelihood of the development of unpleasant effects is very low. 1 Patient out of 100 may complain about nausea and vomiting, the appearance of diarrhea, the deterioration of appetite, pain in the epigastria, drowsiness, soreness in the chest. A little more often complaints are on headaches and dizziness.
Method of use and dose. The dosage of the drug strictly depends on the weight of the patient.
Tablets need to be taken entirely with water. Recommended doses:
- For patients with weighing less than 50 kg, the dose will be half the chalk 4 times a day,
- For those whose weight is in the range from 50 to 70 kg - 1 tablet three times a day,
- when weighing above 70, but less than 90 kg you need to take one and a half tablets three times a day,
- If the body weight exceeds the mark of 90 kg dosage remains the same (1.5 tablets), but the multiplicity of reception increases to 4 times a day.
Drops before use are bred in half a glass of water or another non-alcoholic beverage.
Dosage for children:
- kids with body weight below 7 kg are prescribed 8 drops, take the medicine from 3 to 4 times a day,
- Children, whose weight is in the interval between 7 and 12 kg, must take 9 drops for taking with the same reconciliation,
- If the weight of the child is above 12, but less than 20 kg, it is prescribed 14 drops with multiplicity of reception 3 times a day,
- Schoolchildren with weight from 21 to 30 kg give the same amount of drops, but the reception frequency can be increased to 4 times a day,
- with weight more than 30, but less than 40 kg drugs are prescribed in an amount of 16 drops with multiplicity of reception 3-4 times a day,
- Patient weight 40-50 kg - dose 25 drops,
- Patient weight 50-70 kg - dose 30 drops,
- With a body weight of 71 kg and higher - an effective dosage will be 40 drops.
Multiplicity of reception - three times a day.
A special syringe can be attached to the drug for easy dosing medication. It allows you to measure the medicine without opening the bottle.
Overdose. Givephenesin is a rather toxic component, so the excess of the recommended dose threatens the appearance of symptoms of intoxication in the form of muscle weakness, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting.
Help: Purification of the stomach, the reception of sorbents, symptomatic therapy.
Interaction with other drugs. Preparations containing microelements of lithium and magnesium can enhance the expectorant effect of the drug.
Givephenezin enhances the effect of taking acetylsalicylic acid and paracetamol. Identical action is observed with the recent use of alcohol, as well as the simultaneous treatment of the drug and muscle relaxants, sleeping pills, drugs with a narcotic effect.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store the medicine is recommended at room temperatures in a darkened place not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Most of the reviews about the preparation indicates its high efficiency as a means from dry cough. However, there are negative reviews, some of which are associated with the lack of expected effect (yet the medicine is not cheap), and the other part is characterized by an emphasis on the unpleasant bitter taste of the drug, which makes it difficult for the treatment of children, and the smell of alcohol.
We reviewed the most popular funds appointed with dry cough, which reduce its severity and pain. It's time to get acquainted with drugs that have an expectorant effect and are used with dry cough much more often anticipating.
Expectorant for dry cough
Such drugs are called upon not to stop cough, but to facilitate it by increasing the number of mucus allocated by bronchms and stimulating the bronchi to its elimination.
Well, who does not know this natural expectorant drug, which is known from Soviet times and has not lost its relevance to this day.
Pharmacodynamics. The active ingredient of the drug - Mukaltin is a polysaccharide of the Altea plants. To the question, from which cough "Mukaltin": dry or wet, it is impossible to definitely answer, because the physicians with the same success are prescribed and with dry cough and with a difficult moist. The drug contributes to the expansion of the bronchi (broncholitic) and sputum salvation (secretolitic). Partially weakens the cough, making it softer and rare, facilitates the flow of sputum from the lower respiratory tract upstairs, stimulating the peristaltics bronchiol and the activity of bronchial epithelial receptors.
Pharmacokinetics of drugs are not sufficiently studied, but it is known that it refers to the category of low-toxic drugs.
Contraindications for use. Hypersensitivity to medication components. Pediatrics are used from 1 year.
Use during pregnancy. In the instructions for the drug, nothing is said about the possibility of using medication during this period. But since the active substance of the drug is Altei's polysaccharide, and the plant itself is prohibited to apply up to 4 months of pregnancy, then most likely an expectorant drug with secretolithic activity should not be used in 1 trimester of pregnancy.
The side effects of the drug are limited to light allergic manifestations.
Method of use and dose. Mukaltin is produced in the form of brownish color tablets that need to swallow entirely.
Patients over 12 years old are prescribed 2 tablets for taking. Take a medicine in such a dosage you need 4 times a day before meals.
"Mukaltine" from dry cough to a child up to 3 years old is prescribed 1 tablet three times a day, the older kids are left as the same, and the multiplicity of reception is increased to 4.
Little babes of tablets are dissolved in a third of a glass of water, sweetening with sugar or fruit syrup.
The course of treatment can be long: from 1 week to 2 months.
Overdose may occur against a long-term reception of high doses and will manifest itself in the form of nausea and vomiting.
Interaction with other drugs. Dangerous reactions with the simultaneous use of Mukaltina and other drugs were not observed. Do not prescribe with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Keep Mukaltin at temperatures not exceeding 25 degrees, not more than 4 years.
Reviews: According to many Mukaltin patients, it was uncomplicated by less effective innovative drugs. And in fact, it is an efficient and inexpensive remedy for dry and difficult wet cough, which helps to safely solve the problem even to people with financial difficulties.
Popular expectorant combined drug based on vacambus extract and potassium bromide. Just like "Mukaltin" refers to the category of effective budget funds. Most often, Pertissin is prescribed from dry cough.
Pharmacodynamics. The potassium bromide (synthetic component) in the preparation provides a sedative effect on the central nervous system, due to the segregation, the cough reflex decreases somewhat.
The liquid extract of the thyme (vegetable part) with the simping of the bitterness simulates the serucleisturic and motor function of the bronchi and bronchiol, helps to reduce the viscosity of sputum and its active elimination.
The drug is found in a single form of release - a sweet syrup in 100 g of dark bottles. Contains alcohol.
There is quite a lot of contraindications from the cough in an efficient and popular means to use. This is the intolerance of the components of the medication, the unnecessary correction of heart failure, hypotension, atherosclerosis of vessels, anemia, kidney disease, diabetes mellitus. As well as the absorption of glucose and chronic alcoholism, which is associated with the entry into the medication of sugar syrup and ethyl alcohol.
Pediatrics are applied from 3 years. It is not recommended to take in periods of pregnancy and lactation.
Side effects are usually observed with long-term use of a dry cough agent. It may be nausea, heartburn, allergic reactions. The excess of bromide can cause the following symptoms: the oppressed state, depression, disorders of appetite and sleep, the decrease in the libido, disorder of coordination of movements, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, spindlers on the skin.
Method of use and dose. Patients over 12 years old syrup are prescribed 15 ml dosage three times a day.
Children's dosage depends on age. Children up to 6 years of age, a one-time dose (2.5 ml) is divorced with water (20 ml). Children 6-9 years old are prescribed 5 ml, 9-12 years old - 10 ml of syrup for 1 reception. Multiplicity of reception in all cases 3 times a day.
Overdose. The use of large doses of medication for a long time leads to the appearance of symptoms of bromoism. In this case, the drug is canceled, give salt laxatives and abundant drinks, spend symptomatic therapy.
Interaction with other drugs. Dangerous interactions were not observed. It is not recommended to be used simultaneously with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The drug is recommended to take care of children and stored at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees. Effective for 4 years.
Reviews of the preparation in the overwhelming majority of cases are positive both from doctors and patients.
In pharmacies, it is possible to occasionally meet the German preparation "Pertissin" in the form of tablets, however, its effectiveness is lower due to the lack of in potassium bromide.
Pharmacodynamics. Effective vegetative preparation based on 10 herbs with severe expectorant action. It helps to clean the bronchi, stimulating the discharge and removal of sputum, and has a good anti-inflammatory effect. The drug "Dr." from dry cough is prescribed in the form of a syrup or fruits with fruit-berry tastes, which very much like children, but prescribe them only to adult patients.
Contraindications for use. Syrup is not prescribed with hypersensitivity to medication components and under 3 years. Pastili is designed to treat adult patients, but are not recommended during pregnancy and lactation.
Syrup and pastini contain sugar, which must be taken into account patients with high blood glucose.
Side effects. Allergy is possible to any of the components of the drug.
Method of use and dose. Adult patients prescribed medicine in any form of release. Pastalki need to be dissolved with an interval of 2 hours no more than 10 pieces per day.
Syrup is prescribed 5-10 ml three times a day.
For 3-6 years, syrup is prescribed in a dosage of 2.5 ml, children under 14 years old - 2.5-5 ml with multiplicity of reception three times a day. Teens older than 14 years old adult doses.
The therapeutic course can be from 14 to 21 days.
There are no information about overdose and hazardous drug interactions. However, the medicine is not recommended to be used in conjunction with antitussive means.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The drug retains efficiency for 2 years, if it is stored at temperatures not higher than 30 degrees.
Reviews: About the drug mainly positive feedback. But many patients note the short effect of taking Pastille and Syrope, as well as insufficient effectiveness with a strong cough. As part of complex therapy, the drug has a very good and rapid effect.
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Effective expectorant based on the dry extract of ivy. From what cough "Prospan": dry or wet? The beneficial properties of the drug bring relief both dry and with a wet cough.
Release form. It should be noted immediately note that everyone can find a form of a drug that meets its needs. After all, the drug in pharmacies can be found in the form of a syrup (dosage 100 and 200 ml), effervested pills, oral cough solution, drops, loosening friction,
Pharmacodynamics. Saponins contained in ivyusha provide the drug the following effects: an increase in the amount of sputum and a decrease in its viscosity, stimulation of respiratory tract for removing the resulting mucus, expanding the bronchi due to the removal of spasms, light anti-kiss and antimicrobial effect. Does not affect the respiratory centers.
Pharmacokinetics medication is not described.
Contraindications for use. Hypersensitivity to medication components and fructose intolerance.
It is not recommended to take during pregnancy due to the lack of proven data.
Side effects. Complaints come extremely rarely. In case of CT diseases, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pain in epigastria can be observed. Allergic reactions occur only in isolated cases.
Method of use and dose. Swiming tablets take 2-3 per day, dissolving them in a glass of water (better than hot). I appoint them to patients older than 4 years. Children under 12 are prescribed three times a day. Older patients are 1 tablet twice a day.
Syrup from dry and wet cough "Prospan" is allowed to use in pediatrics from the very birth of a child. Baby and kids up to 6 years of age, syrup are prescribed 2.5 ml for taking. Patients 6-18 years old are recommended a dose of 5 ml, over 18 years 0 from 5 to 7.5 ml. Multiplicity of medication reception - 3 times a day.
The solution from the cough "Prospan" is smeared in the poems that need to be used before use. Take a solution without diluting with water. Recommended for use from 6 years of age.
Children from 6 to 12 years old are prescribed 1 stick twice a day. Senior patients are given in the same dosage, but already 3 times a day.
Pastalki "Prospan" is also designed for patients older than 6 years. Until the age of 12, 2 pupinels per day are prescribed, after - 4 Pastili.
Drops "Prospan" are allowed to use from one year old age. Up to 4 years, children give 12 drops, from 4 to 10 years - 16 drops, over 10 years old - 24 drops for taking. Multiplicity of medication reception - 3 times a day.
The course of treatment usually takes at least 1 week.
Overdose. High doses receiving can lead to the appearance of the following symptoms: nausea with bits of vomiting, diarrhea, increased excitability, anxiety. A dose reduction and symptomatic treatment is required.
Interaction with other drugs. The medicine can be used with any other drugs.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store any forms of the drug needed at room temperatures in a darkened place no more than years. After opening the bottle with syrup, it must be used for 3 months.
Reviews: like other means from dry cough "Prospan" has opposite reviews. His plus parents consider the pleasant taste and the possibility of applying from birth, disadvantage - the high price of the drug, which shows good results mainly in complex treatment.
Syrup root licorice
The fact that the medicinal plant of licorice with his and in fact a sweet taste is useful for coughing, people knew for a long time. And soon the pharmacists became interested in him. This appeared another inexpensive, but very effective drug.
From what cough licorice: dry or wet? Most often, the plant is used to relieve an expectoration if the patient is tormented by a dry cough. But it will be useful and in the event that the cough is productive, but the mucus formed in the respiratory tract does not want to leave the body independently.
Pharmacodynamics. Syrup was created on the basis of not the plant itself, but its root. The licorice root contains a lot of useful substances, among which glycyrrhizine is distinguished - the substance that stimulates the activity of the epithelium of the respiratory tract and increases the amount of secretion of the secret. And this is very important when dry cough. Other substances contained in licorice help to stop inflammation and prevent the bronchus muscles spasms, which also facilitates cough and respiratory condition.
Data on pharmacokinetics are absent.
Contraindications for use. It is impossible to use syrup with hypersensitivity to its constituent, severe pathologies of liver and kidney, in which their function is broken, potassium deficiency (hypokalemia), arterial hypertension, obesity 2-3 degrees. Pediatrics applied from 1 year.
Syrup contains sugar, which must be taken into account patients with diabetes mellitus.
Using during pregnancy is prohibited due to the risk of raising estrogen levels, which may cause premature birth. During the treatment of licorice ceases to breastfeeding.
Side effects. Rarely, allergic reactions may appear in the case of hypersensitivity, up to the edema of the throat.
If the licorice is from dry cough for a long time to take in high doses, it can lead to a violation of the water and electrolyte balance, and as a result of hypokalemia, which is manifested by edema syndrome, increase pressure, muscle pain and muscle aton.
Method of use and dose. Syrup of licorice from dry cough doctors advise to take immediately after meals.
If a patient for more than 12 years for one admission, he needs to receive 15 ml of syrup.
Golodka from dry cough for children is prescribed based on the age of the child:
- Dose from year to 3 years will be 2.5 ml,
- Children from 4 to 7 years can be prescribed from 2.5 to 5 ml,
- A dose for schoolchildren up to 9 years is ranging from 5 to 7, 5 ml, and for older adolescents can reach 10 ml.
Regardless of the age of the patient, the drug is carried out 3, in some cases 4 times a day, as a doctor prescribes.
Overdose. Most often, it is manifested in the form of increasing side effects, and in particular, hypokalemia is possible.
Interaction with other drugs. Cardiac glycosides and medicines used in arrhythmias, thiazide and looped diuretic drugs, rehabilitation agents increase the likelihood of hypokalemia and increase its symptoms.
Storage conditions and shelf life. At temperatures in the range of 20-25 degrees, syrup is well stored for 2 years. If the bottle was opened, it is necessary to use the medicine for a maximum of 6 months.
Reviews: Many buyers are simply surprised that cheap syrup gives such a good effect that they did not wait for more expensive drugs. I am glad and the taste of the drug. From the shortcomings, everyone indicates only for the presence of alcohol.
Another medicinal plant, applied from the long cough, is called alta. Based on its root, medicinal syrup is made.
Pharmacodynamics. Altea's root, like licorice, contains a lot of useful substances: polysaccharides, pectins, starch, amino acids. It is due to them that the drug has many properties that facilitate cough: envelops the mucousness of the respiratory tract, soften it and remove inflammation, increase the amount of mucus released and make it more liquid, stimulate the peristaltics bronchiole and the activity of the bronchial epithelium, thereby providing an expectorant effect.
Pharmacokinetics also did not study.
Contraindications for use. The drug should not be taken with the intolerance of a drug component. It is prohibited by its reception during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Care will have to show with diabetes mellitus. Children sweet medicine are prescribed from 2 years of age.
Side effects. The medicine is moved well, only in rare cases causing allergic reactions.
Method of use and dose. Unlike the licorice syrup, Altea extract must be taken before meals, necessarily shaking the bottle.
Adolescents from 14 years and adult patients prescribe a medicine in a single dosage of 15 ml, which corresponds to an incomplete tablespoon.
Dose for children up to 6 years of age is 5 ml, and for older children - 10 ml. Todders up to 6 years, a drug containing alcohol is advisable to breed with water in a ratio of 1: 2 or 1: 3.
The multiplicity of drug reception may vary from 4 to 6 times a day. The course treatment is usually 1-2 weeks.
On the overdose of the drug was not reported.
Interaction with other drugs. Do not stand the drug to take together with antitussive drugs.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The storage of the drug at a temperature not higher than 25 degrees is possible for 2 years. If the bottle was opened, it will have to be stored in the cold (5-8 degrees) and not more than 14 days.
Reviews: Opinions about this drug converge with feedback on licorice syrup. Cheap and fairly effective.
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Tablets and medicines with thermopsis
We have already mentioned the thermopsis and its expectorant properties, considering the drug "Codelak". So it is not surprising that the thermopsis in the form of pills, brazers and mixtures is applied from dry cough.
Release form. On the shelves of pharmacies can be found mainly tablets with thermopsis under different names: "Thermopswall", "Antitusin", "Cough pills". Dry herb extract, its infusion and medicine are applied less often.
Contraindications for use. In whatever form the drug was issued, it cannot be appointed in the following cases:
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug,
- ulcer of the stomach and DPK during the exacerbation period,
- The pathology of the lungs, in which there is a risk of heaming,
- sharp stages of inflammatory kidney diseases (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis),
- age under 12 years old (not practice is prescribed from 6 years)
- Periods of pregnancy (increases the uterus tone) and breastfeeding (contains alkaloids).
Sometimes thermopsis can be prescribed to pregnant women, but in order of exception and only in the last month of pregnancy.
Side effects. The reception of thermopsis drugs can be accompanied by such symptoms as nausea and vomiting, epigastric pain, the development of allergic reactions of varying severity.
Method of use and dose. Tablets are taken in no dependence on food intake, swallowing them entirely and drinking water.
Dosage for adults and adolescents older than 12 years is 1 tablet for taking. Children's dose is 2 times less (halfway).
Take the medicine you need 3 times a day.
Children from 4 months can be given the infusion of thermopsis (0.2 grams of crushed grass on a glass of water, heated a quarter of an hour in a water bath). Dosage for babies up to a year - 5 ml of infusion, multiplicity of reception 2-3 times a day. Children over 1 years old are given in 10 ml of infusion from 3 to 4 times a day.
For the preparation of infusion patients over 6 years of grass take 3 times more on the same amount of water. Children under 12 should take 5 ml of infusion from 4 to 3 times a day. Older patients are increased to 15 ml with the same reception multiplicity.
The dry extract of thermopsis is designed to treat patients over 6 years old. One-time dosage for children under 12 years old - 0.025 g, for adults - 0.05 g. Take the extract doctor can designate 2 or 3 times a day, spreading it in water (1-3 centuries).
The cough medicine in bags is recommended to give patients over 12 years old, although its use is not excluded and aged 6-12 years. Before applying, the medicine is bred by water.
Adult dosage: 1 bag 3-4 times a day, children's - 2 times less at the same multiplicity of reception.
The course of treatment is short (from 3 to 5 days).
Overdose. If taking high doses of drugs may appear nausea and vomiting. In this case, it is necessary to wash the stomach, the reception of sorbents and antiemetic agents.
Interaction with other drugs. Any forms of the drug are forbidden to take together with antitussive means.
Enterosorbents, antacids, means with enveloping and binder inhibit the absorption of active substances of the drug, so the interval between their reception should be at least 1-1.5 hours.
Storage conditions and shelf life. The infusion of thermopsis should be stored in the refrigerator no more than 3 days. Other forms of the drug retain their properties during storage under room temperatures, in the light-protected place. Tablets are stored up to 4 years.
Reviews: Medicines based on thermopsis have very good reviews. Only 5 people from 100 may say that improvements, alas, has not come.
Mulcolics and complex drugs
It is possible that with a dry cough, the flourities are applied not as often as expectorant means, however, they are actively prescribed if the cough is not quite dry, the bey of the cough is quite strong, and the sputum does not move away due to high viscosity. It helps in this case and abundant drink, but if it does not give results, you have to resort to the help of drugs, especially since many flourities are characteristic of some expectorant action.
The mechanism of action: the drug effectively dilutes the sputum and stimulates education in the lightweight substance that regulates the operational of the secret and its characteristics.
From what cough ambroxol: dry or wet? The drug is equally successful can be used at different types of cough if the debit of sputum is difficult.
All the perforous forms of drug are quickly absorbed into the gastrointestinal tract, distributing in the body. Its highest concentration is observed in the lungs. Maximum concentration can be observed after half an hour, although it may come later for tablets later. Penetrates various liquid media, including maternal milk. Does not accumulate in the body. Keeps efficiency for more than 7 hours. The revelation of the drug is engaged in kidneys.
The drug in pharmacies can be found in the form of a syrup of various concentrations, tablets and inhalation mortar in ampoules.
What are the contraindications? As usual, the main obstacle to the use of medication is the intolerance to its components. But doctors are not recommended to take it also with ulcer of stomach and DPK, convulsive syndrome.
Using during pregnancy is limited, because in the early deadlines and with breastfeeding, the medicine can have a negative impact on the baby.
Side effects arise in rare cases and manifest themselves in the form of nausea, heartburn, gravity and feelings of the overflow of the stomach, migraine, violation of taste perception. Other symptoms are very rarely observed.
How to take a medicine? Tablets in most cases are prescribed to adult patients. Take the medicine recommended after eating, not chewing, floating with clean water. A day will have to take 2-3 tablets.
Syrup 30 mg / 5 ml is a drug for patients whose age is more than 12 years. It is prescribed in the dosage of 10 ml for taking with the multiplicity of reception three times a day. Day after three multiplicities are reduced to 2 times a day.
15 mg / 5 ml syrup is considered a children's medicine. It can be given from a period of newborn in such dosages:
- Until the 2nd age, the kids receive 2.5 ml for the reception twice a day,
- From 2 to 6 years of age, the medicine is given in the same dosage, but already 3 times a day,
- Children under 12 should take 5 ml of syrup, it is necessary to do it depending on the appointments of the doctor 2 or 3 times a day.
A solution in ampoules is already severe artillery. It is used mainly in difficult and launched cases for in / m and in / in injection. Adult patients 2 or 3 times a day introduce the drug in the amount of 2-3 ampoules. Children of different ages are prescribed from half to 1 ampoules, which are injected with the same multiple.
The therapeutic course usually does not exceed 5 days.
15 mg / 5 ml syrup can be taken with diabetes mellitus.
There was no information about the overdose of information.
Opportunities with other medicines . It is undesirable to combine medicine with anti-facasses. The drug is able to increase the concentration of antibiotics in the blood.
Store ambroxol syrup is needed in a dry, sun-protected place at room temperatures not more than 2 years. Opened bottle store no more than a month. The shelf life of the tablets is 3 years.
Reviews: According to many users, this is the best preparation from cough. Pleases efficiency, as well as the price of tablets and syrup. Syrup has a pleasant taste.
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Very popular drug that does not need advertising. Doctors prescribe it and children, and parents, which is very convenient. The active substance of the medication is all the same ambroxol, so the question, from which cough "Lazolyvan": dry or wet, is already irrelevant, because we disassembled it, considering the previous drug.
By the way, "Lazolyvan" is produced in the same forms as "ambroxol". True, the drug can be found in the form of a solution for a perplex reception in bottles.
"Lazolyvan" from dry cough for children can be drilled in 3 forms: in the form of a syrup and a solution used for inhalations or injections, as well as the composition for a perplex reception. Tablets in the dosage of 15 mg allowed to give to children from the age of 6. Since 12, children are moving on an adult dosage, which corresponds to the doses of the drug "Ambroxol".
The solution for perrrinal reception is recommended in the following dosages:
- Patients are 12 years old and older take 4 ml of solution first 3, and a couple of days 2 times a day,
- children from 5 years old are shown 2 ml of drug 2 or 3 times a day,
- Todders up to 5 years are given a dose of 1 ml, the doctor's multiplicity is determined by the doctor.
How to keep medicine? Any form of the drug is better to store at temperatures not above 25 degrees, away from sunlight and not more than 5 years.
Reviews: Users likes the rapid positive effect of drug intake. Very effective as a means for inhalations. Syrup has a very convenient measuring cup. The disadvantage is a fairly high price compared to the analogue of "Ambroxol".
Another popular budget preparation from cough, which can be purchased in such formas of release: tablets with different dosages, syrup in bottles of 60 to 120 ml, solutions (perforable and inhalation).
Pharmacodynamics. A small-toxic preparation that increases the production of sputum and a decrease in its viscosity. Somewhat increases the activity of the recreation epithelium of the respiratory tract. The active substance of the drug - bromgexine - similar to action with ambroxol.
From what cough "bromgexin": dry or wet? From any where it is necessary to facilitate the removal of the bronchial secret.
Pharmacokinetics. The medicine of any form of release is quickly absorbed into the blood, which reaches a maximum of concentration hour after receiving. His half-life is higher than that of ambroxol almost 2 times. Excaped mainly kidneys. A good penetrating ability allows bromgexin to fall different physiological fluids. Breast milk and an accumulating liquid are no exception.
In what cases is "bromgexin" contraindicated? It is strictly not recommended to use medication with hypersensitivity, aggravation of stomach and DPK ulcers. Syrup is not prescribed with fructose intolerance. The use of bromgexine in the early period of pregnancy and when feeding the child, the breasts is extremely undesirable.
Side effects rarely arise. It may be nausea with episodes of vomiting, dyspepsia, dizziness, fever, malfunctions in the work of the liver or allergic reactions.
How to take a medicine? Bromgexin tablets from dry cough is allowed to use from 2 years of age. They can be swallowed entirely or disperse into smaller parts (kids can be chopped into powder and dilute with water).
Todders up to 6 years old are half the chalk 3 times a day. Patients older than 6 years are taken on one tablet 3 or 4 times a day. Dose can be increased.
Syrup is equipped with a measuring spoon in order to be more convenient to measure the desired dose. For babies and children under 6 years of age measuring 1 dimensional spoonful three times a day. For children under 14 years old, the dosage increases to 2 spoons, and the multiplicity of reception does not change.
Patients over 14 can prescribe from 2 to 4 spoons three times a day.
After passing the course treatment (4-5 days), you need to clarify the possibility of further medication.
About serious cases of overdose was not reported, but not worth checking.
The drug can be combined with any medicines, except anti-killers. But it must be remembered that bromgexidine is able to increase the blood concentration of antibiotics.
Store the medicine of any form of release is needed at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. Syrup (if the bottle was not discovered) retains its effectiveness for 3 years, the outdoor bottle can be stored no more than a month. Tablets have a shelf life of 3 years.
Reviews: Before the appearance of the drug "Lazolyvan" Tablets "Bromhexin" used wide and well-deserved popularity. But more expensive drugs teach budget. Alas, users note that the former Soviet drug was much more effective than modern imported.
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Many people know this drug for tasty drinks that prepare from it. The medicine manufacturers are produced in the form of effervescent pills soluble in water, and powder in bags or vials (for children), from which a hot or cold healing drink is prepared.
It is believed that the ACC is a cure for a cold. In fact, this is a good flourism, which promotes sputtering sputum and easier to remove it from the body.
As in the case of other mucolithics, it makes no sense to ask, from which cough of the ACC: dry or wet, because these drugs find their use and with dry cough, and with a wet, if the sputum has a high viscosity and cleans it difficult.
By the way, the acetylcysteine (active substance of the drug) has found its use and as an antidote, therefore the drug can be used in paracetamol, aldehydes or phenols overdose.
Pharmacokinetics. The active substance of the drug is quickly absorbed, and penetrating their gasts into the blood, creates a maximum concentration after 1-2.5 hours. Most of the metabolites are found in the urine and a little in feces.
ADCs are not prescribed with increased sensitivity to the drug, peptic ulcers and other ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, pulmonary bleeding and hem behafts, fructose intolerance.
In childhood, the ACC is not prescribed by the diagnosis of "hepatitis" and disorders of the kidney. In other cases, the drug can be appointed from 10 days of the baby's life.
Use during pregnancy is permissible with the permission of the doctor. Although the drug is able to accumulate in oily water, but there is no toxic effect on the fruit.
Reception of the drug may be accompanied by the development of stomatitis, dyspeptic phenomena, headache. Sometimes there are complaints about noise in ears, allergic reactions, tachycardia and decreased blood pressure.
How to take medicine? The preparation of the ACC during dry cough is recommended to take after eating to reduce the negative impact on the gastrointestinal mucosa. Tablets and powder are divorced by any liquid.
Todders up to 2 years old are given only 50 mg of the drug in tablets or powder the multiplicity of reception - 2 or 3 times a day. For up to 5 years old, for one reception, they give 100-150 mg 2 times a day. Children under 14 should take twice a day at 150-200 mg of medication. The daily dose for patients over the age of 14 will be from 400 to 600 mg.
Typically, treatment with the drug is carried out no more than 1 week, but if necessary, coursework is possible for six months.
Overdose is not dangerous for life and manifests itself in the form of increasing dyspepsia.
Dangerous drug interactions . In the treatment of children, the ADC is not combined with tetracycline antibiotics.
The drug is incompatible with semi-synthetic antimicrobial means from a number of penicillins, as well as with cephalosporins and aminoglycosides. Caution must be observed in the prescription of other antibiotics and nitroglycerin (the vasodilatory action is enhanced). The interval between the reception of drugs should be at least 2 hours.
It is unacceptable to appoint the ADC along with anti-killers.
Keep the medicine at temperatures up to 30 degrees. The prepared solution must be used for 12 days, provided it is stored in the refrigerator.
Reviews: Users like and effective help with dry and difficult cough, and the taste of the drug, but confuse side effects.
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Preparation from cough in the form of syrups for children (2%) and adults (5%).
"Fludico" is a less well-known carbocysteine based drug, which improves high-quality and quantitative indicators of sputum, due to which its elimination of the body is accelerated. It is observed behind him and an expectorant effect by stimulating the bronchi eyelash epithelium. Additionally, the medicine contributes to the strengthening of common and local immunity, has an anti-inflammatory effect on all sense of smell and hearing.
Pharmacokinetics. Quickly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. The highest concentration in the blood reaches 2-3 hours and operates for 8 hours. Excreted by the kidneys.
The medicine is dangerous to apply in hypersensitivity to components, exacerbation of inflammatory processes in the kidneys and urinary tract, in the acute phase of the ulcer of the stomach and DPK, during lactation. Caution is observed with chronic ulcerative pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and diabetes.
During pregnancy, a drug is allowed from 14 weeks and only under the control of the doctor.
Children's syrup is designed to treat children over 2 years old. Adult drug is prescribed from 15 years of age.
Are there any side effects? Unpleasant symptoms during medication therapy are rarely observed. Most often it is weakness and pain in the head, dizziness and gastric pain, liquid chair and nausea. Allergic reactions of varying severity are in isolated cases.
How to take the drug right? Syrup must be taken between meals.
5% Syrudice Syrup from dry cough Adults are prescribed 15 ml three times a day.
2% children's syrup kids give 5 ml dosage. Up to 5 years, the medicine is given 2 times, after 5 years - 3 times a day.
Course of treatment on average 7-10 days.
Overdose. There is an increase in side effects. Help is to wash the stomach and appointment of enterosorbents.
There is a phenomenon of synergies with simultaneous intake of steroids and the drug "Fluedice".
The drug enhances the specific effect of antibiotics and the bronchological effect of theophylline.
Beneficial agents and preparations of atropine are able to reduce the effectiveness of the "Flue-Data".
How to keep medicine? Store syrups at room temperature for 2 years.
Reviews: Most reviews about the preparation are positive, but there are also those where people claim that the drug not only did not help, but also worsened the state. The taste of many seems excessively sweet, like not everyone. Do not please and price medication.
Other preparations with a specific action
In cough therapy, the appointments and natural drugs that combine pronounced expectorant and musolitic effects in themselves. Such means from dry and wet cough are popular in the treatment of such categories of people as children, pregnant women, old men.
A multi-component plant with a complex action, which is produced in the form of syrup 3 species (normal, without sugar and plus, an aisphere) and Pastille with different tastes.
Pharmacodynamics. The medicine is characterized by a musolitic, antipyretic and topless effect. The active substances of the drug also have stimulated the bronchial epithelium to remove sputum, relieve inflammation and spasms.
There are no data on pharmacokinetics.
Contraindications for use. It is dangerous to prescribe syrups and pastini patients with hypersensitivity to their components. Sweet syrups are unacceptable to take patients with diabetes.
In pediatrics, sweet medicine (syrup) is used since six months. Pastalki is prescribed only to adult patients.
Linkas is allowed during pregnancy only with the consent of the attending physician. From breastfeeding during treatment with the drug is better to refuse.
Side effects are extremely rare. These are usually different allergic reactions.
Method of use and dose. Linkas from dry cough in the form of a syrup is prescribed in accordance with the age of the patient:
- Children under 3 years for one reception give 2.5 ml of syrup three times a day,
- Elder kids dose increase to 5 ml, from 8 years the drug is taken not 3, and 4 times a day,
- Adult dose - 30-40 ml per day.
Reception of the drug does not depend on the time of food eating. It is not recommended to dilute the medicine.
Pastiliki adults are prescribed one with an interval of 2-3 hours, but not more than 8 per day.
The therapeutic course is usually about 3 to 7 days.
Overdose. No messages.
Interaction with other drugs. It is not recommended to combine with antitussive agents used in dry cough.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Store medicine at temperatures in the interval from 15 to 25 degrees not more than 3 years.
Reviews: Users like the price, and composition, and the effect of taking medication. True, he does not help everyone. There are reviews on side effects and hazardous additives with the letter "E".
"Stodal" is a unique 10-component homeopathic preparation in the form of a syrup, which can be used both from the wet and dry cough.
Pharmacodynamics. The base of the drug is vegetable substances that contribute to the move of cough into the wet. The medicine has a pronounced expectorant, bronchorated, antispasmodic and muscolithic effect. There is also a certain antitussive effect.
It is not possible to describe the pharmacodynamics of the drug.
Contraindications for use. The drug is not prescribed with intolerance of at least one of the components of the apparatus, including fructose.
Caution prescribed medicine during pregnancy and lactation (contains ethanol), as well as in patient therapy with diabetes mellitus (contains sugar).
Side effects and overdose cases have not yet been noted.
Method of use and dose. The drug is allowed to use in newborns and old-age people.
Children medication is given in a dosage of 5 ml. Adult dosage is 15 ml for taking.
Take syrup you need from 3 to 5 times a day. The effect should be noticeable on the third day, but if it is not even a week later, the drug is canceled.
Interaction with other drugs. As a homeopathic facility "Stodal" does not enter into hazardous reactions with other drugs. It can be included in the complex therapy.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Keep the preparation at room temperature for 5 years.
Reviews: relatively inexpensive and effective homeopathic preparation, but in case of a launched heavy cough, the effect is insufficient. Do not like long term treatment.
Some drugs, in the testimony for the use of which nothing is said about cough, however, they can have a positive effect on the patient's condition with an unproductive cough.
This drug is not considered a cough medicine in the literal sense of the word, although it allows you to deal with it. From what cough helps "Erispal": dry or wet? It is prescribed regardless of whether the cough is accompanied by sputum or not.
Pharmacodynamics. The active substance of the drug - Fenspirid. The main effects of the drug is to relieve inflammation, a decrease in the development of inflammatory exudate, preventing the violation of the respiratory tract. The drug does not increase the production of sputum, which can be useful in dry cough, which is the residual phenomenon of colds, with bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis, allergic diseases.
Contraindications for use. It does not apply with increased sensitivity to the constituent medication.
Information about the effect of Fenspirid on the fetus is absent, so it is undesirable to use it during pregnancy. For the period of treatment, the drug is worth interrupted breastfeeding.
Side effects. Reception of medication may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, pain and weight in epigastrics, drowsiness, minor increase in heart rate, allergic reactions, including angioedema edema.
Method of use and dose. The drug has 2 forms of release: syrup and tablets. Who need to take before eating.
Patients over 14 years old prescribe a medicine in the form of tablets (1 tablet twice a day) or syrup (from 3 to 6 tbsp. Per day).
Children up to 14 years old from dry cough is predominantly syrup "Erispal". Breeding with weight up to 10 kg syrup is given in a dosage of 5-10 ml twice a day. Elder kids have a one-time dose increase to 10-20 ml.
There were no cases of overdose and hazardous drug interaction.
Storage conditions and shelf life. Tablets "Erispal" at room temperature retain their properties for 2 years, syrup - 3 years.
Reviews: Reviews about the drug are such that he helps from cough, but the sputum will not actively stand out. But as an anti-inflammatory drug "Erispal" has proven itself well. Do not like people price and taste (especially aftertaste) medication. Some are tuned to heavy side effects of the drug.
Dry cough antibiotics
Antibiotic therapy is an important part of the treatment of infectious inflammatory cold pathologies. Antibacterial drugs The doctor may appoint with an angina, bronchitis, laryngitis and any other pathology, in which a person suffers from dry or wet cough. Usually, the appointment is carried out at the beginning of the disease, when the cough is not yet accompanied by plenty of sputum.
Assign antimicrobial agents depending on the causative agent of the disease. But since the disease is easier to treat, capturing it at the very beginning, and the time to identify the pathogen is required, then doctors prefer to resort to the help of the antibiotics of a wide range of action. Most often prescribe preparations of penicillin and cephalosporinic rows ("amoxicillin", "Augmentin", "Amoxiclav", "Amoxyl", "Flexin Solutab", "Ceftriakson"), as well as macrolides (most often "summable").
Antibiotics from dry cough adults can be assigned in various form of release: tablets, syrups, injection solutions and powders for their preparation. Antibiotics from dry cough children are better prescribed in the form of syrups and suspensions, and in severe cases - injection solutions.
But you need to understand that the unproductive cough is only a symptom of pathology, which is treated not so much antibiotics as special means from dry cough. In addition, the purpose of antibiotics with their multiple side effects is not always justified (for example, with allergic or viral pathologies, smoker cough).
It is necessary to understand that antibiotics, helping the body to fight infection, at the same time kill natural immunity and useful microflora, thereby weakening it. So without much need to get involved in such medicines.
The body itself is trying to get rid of the infectious factor with the help of the same cough. Antibiotics should only inactivate the infection, not to multiply, but the means from dry cough will help with the sputum to bring pathogenic bacteria outside the body, ensuring fast recovery.
People's Treatment of dry cough
Dry cough can have different reasons, so it is necessary to begin to treat it only after the reason becomes known. The diagnosis should be a specialist doctor who will appoint effective treatment. Most often doctors prescribe pharmacy drugs, among which there are quite safe herbal medicines. But if there is no possibility to get into the pharmacy, then proven folk recipes will come to the rescue.
Folk remedies from dry cough:
- Radish with honey - This is almost the most popular folk remedy for cough. In a large black radish, they make a deepening that is filled with honey overnight. In the morning, the medicine can already be taken at 1 spoon to 4 times a day.
- Ginger, lemon and honey . Purified ginger root grasp and squeeze juice. To add the same amount of lemon juice to a teaspoon of ginger juice and 2 times less than honey. Take the composition of 1 tsp. Every 30 minutes, holding it a little in his mouth.
- Garlic, honey and vodka - This is a medicine for adults. 2 garlic teeth crushed and mix with a tablespoon of honey and two spoons of vodka. Insist. Take 1 tsp. Twice a day, then a day break and repeat treatment.
Help with dry cough and grass with an expectorant, musolitic and anti-inflammatory effect: licorice, alha, thermopsis, as well as calendula, mother-and-stepmother, a richness, St. John's wort, oregano and others.
Adult herbs from dry cough can be given in the form of beams and infusions. It is useful to cook drinks not with one grass, but with several. For example, mix the root of licorice, oregano, a chamber and chamomile. Such a decoction will have an expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect. You can also use the finished pharmacy collection of herbs from dry cough.
Herbs from dry cough for children will be the safest medicine. But small patients are extremely reluctant to drink bitter decoctions and infusions. It is best to try from them to make useful delicacies - lollipops. Those. Add sugar sugar and to boost it to the state, when the composition drops will stay together in water and falls on the bottom of the dishes.
Another popular peopling from dry cough is homemade milk, which helps better many drugs to cope with a dry "barking" cough. Drinks based on milk help to ignite wets and take them out of the respiratory tract, soothing effect on the throat mucosa, give the body to combat the disease.
Milk-based drugs are suitable for both children and adults, if they have no reaction of intolerance to the products used. In pediatrics, recipes based on cow and goat milk are prescribed to children over 3 years old. But if in the diet of the baby milk attended before, such recipes are suitable for him.
Most often from dry cough use milk with honey. On a glass of milk you need to take only 1 tsp. Honey. Drink 1-2 times warm.
Honey is better to take linden or buckwheat. Milk should not be hot, because it is possible to reduce honey to not.
The described recipe is recommended to add another piece of butter, which will strengthen the effect of tasty medication. To drink in the day in 3-4 approaches in warm form.
In order for the recipe to like the kids to milk and honey add a half crushed in a banana blender.
Milk with soda helps very well from the painful dry cough, because the soda contributes to the rapid and soft liquefaction of the mucus, and the milk helps to remove it and relieve inflammation. In this case, the glass of milk needs to be taken 1/3 of C.L. soda. Medicine needs to drink immediately.
This recipe must be applied to meals 2 times a day.
There is also a mass of various means from dry cough based on milk, but this is already the topic for a separate article.
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Funds from dry cough in 1, 2, 3 trimester pregnancy
Probably, it is hard to hurt that is the future mommy, because they are responsible for the health of the baby. Do not treat the disease is dangerous for both, but the treatment is complicated by the fact that not every medicine is suitable for use during pregnancy.
Treatment of herbs during this period seems to be the most acceptable, but it is necessary to understand that some of the herbs can negatively affect the course of pregnancy, for example, causing a cut in the uterus. So popular antitussive herbs: alta, licorice, a chamber and thermopsis are not suitable for women in a delicate position and nursing mothers. So in any case, without consulting the doctor can not do.
In addition, take herbs as a basis of treatment is not always obtained, and again you have to contact pharmacy drugs.
The pharmacy means from dry cough in different ways act on the body of the future mother and its unborn baby. Thus, the preparations "Synekod", "Omnitus", "Stoptussin" "Ambroxol", "Lazolyvan", "Bromgexidine" and "Fluditec" is allowed to prescribe from the second trimester of pregnancy.
But the Syrup "Doctor IOM" will help the future mommy to cope with the disease of even not early pregnancy. His folk recipes based on milk, which are also safe in such an important period.
Fizprocessors with dry cough at home
One of the safest and most effective methods of treating dry cough are thermal procedures (warming trinics and compresses), as well as inhalations that doctors are recommended to conduct with a nebulizer.
Warming compresses on breasts and spins are very helpful from dry cough, irritating sensitive receptors responsible for the removal of sputum, thinning mucus accumulating in bronchi and having a calming effect with a painful unproductive cough, accompanied by sore throat and head.
You need to put compresses at least 4-5 hours, which means it is better to do it at night. I need to put compresses correctly. First, natural fabric is impregnated with the healing composition impregnated with therapeutic composition, then it is coated with a polyethylene film or compress paper and warmly insulated with a wool cloth.
For children and adults, a safe compress of boiled potatoes in the "uniforms" is well suited. Potatoes knead and make two cakes from it, which are placed by hot on the chest and the back of the patient, pre-coated linen or x / b to the cloth. Top plays a film and insulation. When the compress is slightly charging, the tissue between the body and potato cake is removed and leave potatoes before cooled.
Compress with honey and vodka make otherwise. First, the body of the patient is well lubricated with liquid honey, then it is covered with a cloth impregnated with warm vodka (for children 1 part of the vodka is mixed with 3 parts of water), the film and insulation are placed on top. This composition can be kept even until the morning, however, like another compress that is suitable for both young children and their parents.
The natural fabric is folded several times, soaked with warm vegetable oil, and then put the patient on the chest and the back of the patient, covering the film and warm tissue.
After the compress is removed, it is recommended to lie down in warmth a couple more hours so that the body is at the place of the compression acquired a normal temperature.
Another very fast and relatively safe way to cope with a dry cough is inhalation. Nebulizer will help to spend this procedure as efficiently as possible, and the trace will not remain from dry cough. A replacement will come a productive wet cough, which is a harbinger of emergency recovery.
The use of a nebulizer avoids the negative effect of drugs on the gastrointestinal mucosa. At the same time, the drug particles can penetrate deeply into the respiratory tract, providing their specific effect there. The air will not be very hot, as with steam inhalations, which means that such treatment is perfect for children.
According to the rules, first inhalation are carried out by armored drugs, and then expectorant means and mulitics. Some drugs ("Ambroxol", "Lazolyvan", "Bromgexin") have even a special form of release in the form of an inhalation solution, which is recommended to be mixed with saline or mineral water, which itself is an effective inhalation.
For example, small kids can assign 1-2 inhalations per day "Ambroxol" using 1 ampoule (2 ml) of the drug, mixed with the same amount of saline.
In the case of "Lazolyvan", children under 2 years old can be assigned a solution in an amount of 1 ml, for children under 6 years old are used 1 ampoule (2 ml), elder kids for inhalations are used from 2 to 3 ml of inhaled solution.
Inhalation "bromgexidine" is carried out 2 times a day, using 2 ml ampoules for patients over 10 years old, for children over 6 years old - 1 ampoule of pharmaceutical solution for inhalations, for kids 2-6 years - Total 10 drops of the drug, for newborns And kids up to 2 years old - 5 drops of solution.
Using various means from dry cough, helping the therapy of the underlying disease, one cannot forget that cough is only one of the symptoms of the disease that requires an integrated approach to treatment. Only in this case it will be possible to defeat the disease and warn cough transition into a chronic form, in which it will need to be treated with almost the remaining life at the slightest exacerbation of the disease.
How to get rid of cough at home: "Folk" methods and pharmacology
Cough is different: wet and dry, acute and chronic, infectious and allergic ... But, what would be its causes and character, almost in all cases it becomes a source of discomfort. And let the cough - not a disease, but only a symptom, nevertheless you can and you need to fight. But what are the means to use to not harm yourself?
Cough - frequent symptom of respiratory diseases and not only. It happens with trachey, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, allergies, heart disease. People with nicotine addiction often occurs the so-called cough smokers. Professional harm, side effects of some medicines and even psycho-emotional factors can play a role in the emergence of a symptom. But the most common cause is ORVI and their consequences. So in the article we will talk about the cough as a manifestation of a cold.
If all other symptoms of respiratory infection - heat, sore throat, runny nose - usually pass in five to seven days, then the cough can be saved up to several weeks. Everyone knows how much anxiety he delivers. And the first question that occurs in such cases is how to quickly get rid of cough.
Pharmacies offer a large selection of cough suppression drugs. They affect the special center in the brain, the coal cough reflex. Pediatricians and therapists warned against the uncontrolled use of such drugs and explain that it is not always necessary to suppress the cough. In some cases, this may lead to dangerous consequences. [one] . To understand how to get rid of the cough an adult and a child, without causing harm to the body, you need to deal with the reasons and the mechanism of this phenomenon.
Cough is a reflex, an involuntary response when irritating the respiratory tract. It performs a protective function. Inflammation of the respiratory organs against the background of ARVI leads to overpressure of mucus. It annoys cough receptors located all over the respiratory tract from the nasopharynx to the bronchi. The nerve impulses from receptors come to the brain, which transfers the muscles of the larynx and the abdominal wall to shrink. As a result of a cough act from respiratory tract, a powerful air flow along with annoying agents is pushed. The same thing happens when the foreign bodies hit, only a mucus appears in the role of an irritant, and dust, allergens, food particles, and so on.
Thus, in terms of physiology, cough is a necessary mechanism designed to purify the respiratory tract. It can be imagined what happens if the body will lose this ability: mucus and sputum will accumulate and stagnate in bronchi, creating a nutrient medium for harmful bacteria. In such cases, pneumonia is inevitable. It is so often that people, without consulting a doctor, take antitussive drugs with ORVI: due to the impossibility of effective wet sputum arise complications.
So it is not necessary to treat cough? Not certainly in that way. It is impossible to suppress the cough reflex - this is permissible only in cases where the cough is unproductive and is physiologically useless (for example, with cough), and only by appointing a doctor. With a common cold when a large amount of mucus is formed in the respiratory tract, it is necessary to ensure its elimination.
It must be taken into account the character of cough. He is known to happen dry и moist . Tactics of treatment depends on it. Dry (unproductive) cough appears at the beginning of the disease. At this stage, the respiratory tract is already annoyed, but the mucus is still not enough to eliminate. An ill-rise painful cough causes a mass of suffering from the patient and, moreover, it can cause complications - the hip-hoarseness, Larygitis, tracheitis. The main task is to facilitate the patient's condition and achieve wetting of sputum.
With the natural development of the process, the amount of mucus formed is gradually increasing, and the dry cough after a few days goes into wet (productive). The goal of therapy is to reduce the viscosity of sputum and facilitate its lead.
On a note Therapists classify cough depending on its duration. The acute nature of the process is spoken in the case when it lasts less than three weeks. It is such a picture that is observed with influenza and other ORVI. Cough, ongoing from three to eight weeks, is considered subacute. This is not a rarity after a transferred viral infection. Finally, if the cough continues more than eight weeks, it is customary to talk about chronic flow. In such cases, you need deep diagnostics to find the cause.
How to get rid of cough
Respiratory diseases are widespread, so the cough problem is quite relevant. Medicine has developed various ways to combat this unpleasant symptom. However, many pharmacological drugs have side effects, and patients with ORVI are in no hurry to resort to the help of medicines, and refer to "verified" homemade recipes. Some of them can really affect, others are useless. As for drugs, then among them there are quite safe. So, consider how you can get rid of cough folk methods and what funds offer official medicine.
People's methods of treatment of cough are used for a long time. It is believed that they contribute to the wet wet and its removal from the respiratory tract. The effectiveness of the following methods is tested by time, but not confirmed by official science. Apply them or not - the personal cause of each patient. Harm from home resources will probably won't - but only if the cough is caused by an ordinary cold, and not more serious.
This conditional term is called mustard pieces, rubbing, hot tubs for legs, banks and similar ways. With all the diversity of distracting procedures, they have a similar principle of operation. It is about exposure to reflexogenic zones, which occurs at a temperature or chemical skin irritation.
The most popular distracting procedures for cough:
- Mustard pieces . They are imposed on the back and chest, avoiding the projections of the spine and heart, and keep the appearance of a distinct burning.
- Warming compress. The gauze is wetted in a solution of alcohol, put on the chest, an insulating layer of polyethylene is placed on top, and then warm tissue.
- Rubbing . Any substances with local irritating effects are used: camphor, turpentine ointment, various oils (fir, eucalyptus, mint).
Distracting procedures are contraindicated to children up to a year, as well as with any infections, lesions of the skin. It is impossible to use them in the acute phase of the disease, when a high temperature is kept.
Many medicinal plants contain components to help ignite and remove sputum, anti-inflammatory substances. Most often, with cough, the roots of Aira Bolotnaya, ninexille of high, altea, licorice, plantain leaves, and machem leaves, the grass, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint, mint-mint grass. Vegetable raw materials are used to prepare info and decoction - individually or in charges.
Attention! Despite the fact that herbalism is considered a harmless way to get rid of cough, one cannot forget about the probability of allergies - especially those who are predisposed. Homemade phytotherapy products, in contrast to pharmacy drugs, do not pass clinical trials, and therefore their effects are both basic and side - unpredictable.
Mixes and medicines
Folk medicine knows many homemade recipes from cough based on products that are usually attributed to the healing properties. For example, for example, honey, onions, garlic, ginger, black radish, aloe are believed to have a beneficial effect on respiratory organs. From these products prepare mixtures for intake. Widespread, for example, such a drug like honey with aloe juice or black radish.
The fastest way to get rid of cough is the reception of drugs. They are diverse in composition, mechanism of action, indications (dry or wet cough), formations of release. The potent pharmaceuticals are permissible to apply only for the prescription of the therapist. For independent treatments, you can use syrups and tablets with soft expectorant and musolitic (thinning wet) by action.
This dosage form is very popular both in the treatment of adults and in pediatrics. Syrups have a pleasant taste, and children will be eagerly accepted. In the composition of the tools may be natural, and chemical components. With an uncomplicated cough against the backdrop of a cold, it is better to give preference to plant syrup. Their natural composition guarantees the minimum of side effects, and the active substances of medicinal plants provide a pronounced expectorant and musolitic effect.
In contrast to folk phytotherapeutic agents, pharmacy syrups are made on the basis of standardized plant extracts. This means that the dosage of the components is strictly adjusted, and the effect is predictable.
Vegetable syrups are single and multicomponent. The first contains only one extract and help either during dry, or with a wet cough. The second are produced from several types of medicinal plants. Due to the multicomponent composition, an integrated effect is achieved: such funds are often universal, they can be used in both types of cough.
The means from cough in the form of tablets are usually applied, as a rule, for adults only. Usually they contain chemical components with bronchhalytic, mercolytic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory effect.
With the "cold" cough in adults and especially in children it is important to choose a working, but at the same time safe means with a minimum number of side effects. Home methods can help, but their therapeutic effect is not proven. To get rid of cough quickly, it is better to take drugs, among which the leading positions on the ratio of efficiency and safety occupy plant syrups with multicomponent composition.
** The material is not a public offer. The price is given to familiarize and relevant for November 2020.
All information related to health and medicine is presented solely for informational purposes and is not a reason for self-diagnosis or self-treatment.
How to quickly cure a dry cough in an adult
December 12, 2018.
Dry cough testifies to the presence of a serious illness or complication. There is a legitimate question - what and how to treat it?
Doctors tend to recommend to abandon the detrimental effects on the respiratory tract - loud conversations, smoking, cold drink drinks, etc. Sometimes a diet is also needed, an exception from the diet of saline, fried dishes, smoked meals and a number of other harmful products.
But first of all, you should consult a doctor. Competent diagnostics and correctly designated treatment - mandatory conditions for the patient's successful recovery.
Selection of therapy
This is the prerogative of a medical specialist (based on the survey). Therapeutic technique relies on the accuracy of identifying the causes of pathology and a number of individual patient features.
In the presence of a cold illness, the patient is prescribed:
Allergy detection entails the need for competent selection of antihistamine drugs.
Inflammatory pathologies localized in the throat and the upper respiratory tract require the use of a large complex of drugs. The patient determines the course of antibacterial treatment.
Effective forms of treatment and preventive measures
Cash attacks are associated with the fact that the sputum is too viscous and it is impossible to exhaust. It is necessary to create conditions for the removal of the pathological flora.
The patient should ensure the availability of wet fresh air. He is prescribed abundant drinking, a number of special exercises for cleaning respiration and special drugs, most often of plant origin.
During treatment, stressful situations, smoking should be avoided, eliminate the possibility of side effects.
You can order and buy medicines (including rare drugs for the treatment of cough) in the network of budget pharmacies.